Fly up bloody curtain!
Behold the bloody tragedy, the stage of which is the place of loss, and of the horrors of which the terrified fathers have so far spoken to the timid grandchildren; as who mentions the devil.
Hear the names that were not allowed to be written so far, whose memory was buried in a deep grave, his bloodstains were washed from his hands, and the ideas tied to them were covered with black blindfolds.
Get off your eyes!
Behold, the skeletons which are hidden under him, the dead buried without this head; hear the muffled voices swallowed by the closed door of the prison wall and frightened breasts, and bless God, who buried the last century and reversed the course of time.
What times were they!
Who will account for them in the afterlife?
From rumpled documents, the storage of which was in danger of death, from father-to-son traditions, whose knowledge disturbed one’s dreams, from foreign newspapers, and from the well-known noises of noisy events, I publish these lines based on a space-free, French-language picture.
I do not blame the dead king: I am the Hungarian crown -307-I respect; and I know well how the minions that were appointed were taken out of the king’s hand, when the king slept: for the king is a man. There were some who killed peoples in the name of God, who carried the innocent on fire and said, This is the will of God; but I do not raise my head against God.
They are double sinners: they have sinned against the king, they have sinned against the king: they have stolen his blood, and the love of his people. Stand before a public tribunal.
Towards the end of July 1794, several persons suspected of jacobinus emotions and forbidden correspondence were captured, including Lieutenant Riedel. We heard (this is what a homeland living at that age says) how hard they were held captive and destined for their heads before interrogation before death.
Committees were appointed in the countryside, jacobinus clubs to be discovered everywhere. In Vienna, the guards were duplicated and the two divisions of the army were multiplied by Hungarian armies.
But I did not look at all this with concern in Hungary: they knew that Hungarians had nothing to do with them; they believed they were protected by their constitution against unlawful violence.
However, it is growing. On the 13th, night arrests took place in Buda-Pest. Accepted Hajnóczi, former deputy lord of Szerémmegye; Captain Laczkovics; His saints, who were dragged out of their beds into prison at night.
Three days later, Count Zsigray, the king of Kőszeg. table president s Father Martinovich, retired confessor of the late King Leopold.
These extraordinary and violent imprisonments caused great irritation; In the General Assembly of Pest County, Count Keglevics rose fiercely against the violence of the government and called on the orders to demand that the government disclose the reasons for the arrest of the compatriots in relation to their duties.-308-
The man who overturned this motion was called Teleki. The benefactor of the court, on the one hand the secret intrigues of his patrons, on the other hand, guarded by a priesthood with overwhelming power, that the patriot, whose every weapon was zeal and love for truth, would not have won?
The orders of Pest County complied with the request that the government convict the prisoners in Hungary.
The court left this request as a request and did not think about it.
Prisoner Hungarians had to stand trial in Vienna in front of a foreign committee at the police station.
This committee was chaired by: Count Perger, Minister of Police, and Count Sauron; the other presidents: Heker, Ressel, Beer, Cappus, Fabian court councilors, Orlandini generalauditor, Seidelmeyer, Martinoli city officials: clerk former Hopszer police secretary.
Who read these names, can you imagine what the defendants could expect from their judges?
They were convicted before the charges were brought against them. The investigation of the committee lasted until November. At the end of November, each member received a commendable diploma from the court, and only then were the Hungarian prisoners brought to Buda.
Meanwhile, Solarcsik, a law teacher, and Bacsányi, a literary teacher, were captured; the latter, when he heard that they were being sought, went up to Buda himself to the archduke of the palatine in full sense of his innocence, and there he was immediately beaten to iron and taken to Vienna.
In December, arrests took place again across the country: sixty arrests; most don’t even suspect why? mostly sensible, kind-hearted people.
If they had felt their slightest guilt, could they not have escaped June, when Martinovics was captured?
And at first they were immediately chained to the center of the room, never released from prison, given to them candles, not allowed anyone to be let down, they stumbled upon shoddy food; -309-it was left to the military to treat them most severely: they were beaten with a stick!
Frustrated by these unworthiness, Tódor, Králi, and Bolti tried to kill themselves with pieces of glass; we both succeeded. They were released from prison to the grave.
It was forbidden to talk about this thing: whoever spoke was considered a participant. At last, the indictment of the royal agent appeared, claiming that the sin of the detainees was an insult to sovereignty. They wanted to establish the principles of democratia, to bring about a revolution, to conspire against the throne and the person of the king, to make Republican catechism: therefore he wished to punish them for the loss of head and goods.
Only 50 lawyers were given to defend all 60 defendants, nor were they appointed; but they had to take an oath before the palatine, the content of which is not known; however, the fact is that Horváth’s lawyer was reluctant to take this oath and was not allowed to defend the prisoners; although several of them only had confidence in him.
All judges, commissioners, officers, guards, priests, who came into contact with this matter, were commanded to keep silent: those who would have dared to speak with the captives were forced to listen with threats, the seats were covered in deep obscurity, kept secret despite legal custom; the lawsuits of the prisoners were not shown to their closest relatives either.
The prisoners’ lawyers had to tell the royal prosecutor everything they heard about the protection of the prisoners, only what it left in place went to death.
The whole whirlwind was full of bloody loss of eyesight.
The royal agent was accused and defended. The principle is stated. The high flight of the criminal status problem required the blood of all those captured to be removed by the monsters of the French Revolution.
Not so, gentlemen, be judges of the people, and then you will remove these monsters.
You are all now standing in front of the chair of the great judge, -310-who cannot be deceived, who does not know the selection of persons, and who does not make an unjust judgment.
But your punishment didn’t just reach the afterlife. The seed of sown blood beareth fruit, and the curse shall be full, which is not understood of you in your sons.
When the German royal prosecutor John died, no man was present at his funeral: all men escaped him as glands; only the curse of the righteous escorted him to the grave, to the afterlife, before God!
For the detainees, however, in order for their condemnation to still be an excuse, guilt had to be invented. They said they were patronized by the Parisian convent, that they wanted to revolt the country. There are 300,000 people armed in Hungary and the night on which Buda-Pest is burned is determined.
However, they could not prove all this with just one word, only with one document.
So we say: posterity.
They had to hear because they loved the people and knew how to help them; for in their bosom the day of enlightenment and charity blazed, nor did the government that wanted to shroud its selfish machinations into the dark gloom of absolutism.
Therefore, their heads had to fall; they had to be put underground: in a grave or in a prison.
It was proclaimed that in Buda the houses should be kept ready for vaccination; day and night guard troops walked the streets; cannons marched into the squares; set up with a trio of guards; around the gunpowder tower a battalion of soldiers guarded it day and night. Thus they deceived the people with the horror of a proverbial peril.
40 of the prisoners joined Martinovics -311-found complicated; the other 20 were not even aware of the transgressions by which he was convicted.
On May 20, 1795, early in the morning, ten thousand soldiers stood in arms; five convicts carried in a chariot, with a single head, a long beard, to the place of loss. These prisoners were the abbots of Szentmarjai, Zsigrai, Laczkovics, Hajnóczi and Martinovics.
Why were these ten thousand people set up?
A government that has done everything it can to win the love of its people will be forced to guard its judges with 10,000 people when the sentences of five “evildoers” are executed?
Unnecessary fear! Fifty-three years ago, the self-esteem of the Hungarian people and the strength of their souls were broken and buried in the prison. In the dark, what can you do but sleep?
If the child is afraid, they tell him to close your eyes and fall asleep!
The intelligence kept herself sad, frightened, did not go to stare at the bloody phenomenon of what the mouth of flatterers call judgment.
The first was Count Zsigrai, who was dragged to the place of loss. He wore weakly even during his captivity; he died like that. He was unconsciously dragged to the sand; the bako could only slaughter his head in three blows. He was followed by Szentmarjai, a rare young man of good talent: barely twenty-five years old; the wings of his flame were slightly flaccid. The royal agent encouraged him to gain grace; now he saw that he was disappointed. Calmly, wordlessly, sadly, he went to his death, not grieved, not complaining, bearing his fate in peace, kneeling and dying.
Laczkovich was a brave, temperamental man, a bold man, of despair; he hastened those around him to go faster and it was over once, he didn’t think much with the priest next to him, the more he talked-312-county hajduv, from whom he inquired after his acquaintances; he looked through the crowd freely, impartially, encouraged his fate, and encouraged perseverance. “It doesn’t hurt, comrade, he cried out several times as he wanted to sit on the blood bench; even as he told Hajnóczi, as soon as he had two severed heads lying in front of him, “just a moment of courage!” He vomited in the eyes of his judges that they had been bribed to be inhuman!
As soon as he entered the square, he immediately and quickly went to the throne, and as soon as they wanted to read his judgment before him, he did not want to listen to it.
“Isn’t it a shame, he said, to read such public webs of lies to the people?”
He drove out the bucks, did not allow him to reach himself, he himself descended and sat down: after the priest he did not say the prayer, but began to say aloud the poem of Horác: «justum ac tenacem propositi virum» etc. Bakó said, “He prayed very nicely and sensitively as a student,” and he slapped his head.
The opposite was Hajnóczi: a high pure soul. The joy and serenity that are the twin brothers of the greatness of the soul did not leave him until the last minute. A man of extensive science, author of several distinguished books, a great publicist, always living a quiet, peaceful life. We die innocently, he said: we fall victim to the passion of the ruling party, and it is truly unworthy to live in such a deep depravity of humanity.
On the day of their execution, he even wrote to his president and his father-in-law, for he was intact when he was killed; but these letters were not received, but burned; he spoke with the Reverend attached to him of various philosophical objects. He greeted all his friends in a friendly way. As soon as he entered the rectangle, he met a soldier whom he had enlisted in his early childhood, and asked him: Do you know him? said to greet his relatives, tell him he died peacefully; she undressed herself, asked the bako to-313-to perform his duty deftly, and he died as he lived: calmly, gently, his face not changed; smiling like a savior.
Last came Martinovics, the head of the company.
His contemporaries outline him as a scholarly, rare-minded man who spoke almost every language in Europe. Joseph and Leopold is the most confident man of rulers. From the latter, he pulled a HUF 3,000 pension from the imperial fund. All the while he claimed that he had been encouraged by Leopold himself to draw up a constitution for Hungary and to re-establish its obsolete institutions, to confine the rich clergy to appropriate boundaries, to share the burden of the peasant and the citizen with the nobility, to improve the judiciary and political government, and magnates and aristocratism in general should be limited. In this section he referred to Leopold’s handwritten letter and his wording, among the documents of which he had to find what had been seized in Vienna. His society had no other goal but to unite moods and principles for the next parliament.
As soon as his judgment was read, he asked János Németh: “Will you ever die so calmly?”
Until the last moment, he strongly believed he would gain grace; he said again, “It is impossible for Emperor Francis to behead me, for I have the documents of his father.” Perhaps it was for this hoped-for pardon that he had affected pietism in his last days.
But as soon as he saw Zsigra executed, he fainted under the awful sight for a minute. He had to be tied to the bloody chair, and as soon as the bacon lifted his pallos with a fatal blow, he fell off the eyes of the scarf and accepted the death that fell on his head with seeing eyes.
In addition to these five, fifteen more were sentenced to death, 13 of whom received the ruthless grace to be buried in prison instead of the grave.-314-
Life-long captivity instead of death.
Indeed, the governors of the people are very rich in the distribution of punishments.
Two of them beheaded.
These were the most skilful, the most excellent, and it was their fault. The bloodsuckers themselves admitted that they were far less guilty than the others.
There was a general public opinion that they only wanted to deprive Hungary of all solid and independent souls, whose deaths were due to their spiritual talents alone.
They were young children between the ages of 20 and 25.
Their names are Solarcsik and Deer.
In the judgment of Őz, the judges obviously admit that he had not been put in order, he had not been notified of the chair and goals of the company, he had only read the catechism in an extract, and he was arguing against the principles contained therein. So what was his death penalty?
He and his partner asked for permission to put up some ideas for their own defenses, for the information of their lawyers. Traces of pervasive reason expressed in these wordings amazed the judges: they were amazed, and these documents were translated against them by the royal agent; these were the killing letters of the unfortunate. Their lawyer was commanded to keep a strict eye; his contradictions were misled.
On his way to the place of loss, Solarcsik argued enthusiastically and freely with the priest next to him, and as soon as he put the crucifix in his hands, he said that the Messiah was also crucified because he loved the people and mankind. The priest rebuked him for not resembling himself to Christ, and Solarcsik said with a smile: who knows, maybe one day I could have been the savior of my nation: though my death would benefit him, though he would be awakened! (You said! Let us wake up and be holy before us in your name and the memory of your death.)
Deer calmly stepped to his death. With the Reformed priest he meditated much on human and divine truth; you tried -315-to speak to the people; but in this both he and his companions were hindered by the army.
In the twenty-fifth year of his life he died a virgin, unclean.
His sweetheart, an Illyrian girl, accompanied him to the bloodbath and drank a glass of his escaping blood, saying, “Live in me and I will be ascended by the Spirit!”
His surroundings considered him insane, against whose heavy whims this terrible drink was medicinally offered.
At the time of each execution, the pounds of those executed were burned at the same time!
They were all known to the world as men of honest, pure character who could not be suspected of guilt.
And the nation saw them die, steadfastly throughout.
And the nation was silent, not even daring to ask the reason for their deaths.
The nation heard the cries of the death of its best sons, and did not awaken to it.
The hard ground drank their spilled blood and did not get a fever from it; he did not shake the prisons on his back. Has a mother ever been as insensitive to her sons as the old happy Hungary?
The verdicts of the other 46 prisoners were issued in print.
It was the only diploma that came to light from the whole lawsuit.
A citizen of Burman Vurman, who spoke at a feast about the excessive power of the priesthood and the young years of the king, was sentenced to 100 sticks and four years of penitentiary work. Several other detainees were dismissed without any judgment. Fodor, a parish priest from Körmend, was also dismissed and became a canon of Szombathely.
All of these are mysteries that cannot be seen in obscurity.-316-
Martinovic’s verdict was handed down for the first time, his lawsuit was first and first recorded on the seven-person board, and this sharpened the judgment of the royal board to the extent that he had to watch the execution of the four bosses of the company he had set up.
So the seven-person board already knew in advance that he would find these four people guilty and condemn him to death “before he saw their scorns!”
The same board takes it as an insult to supremacy when someone makes documents that entail an insult to seeds.
For the Bible would thus be the very first book to be eliminated from the country, for although it does not flatter much to our existing constitutions, it would be difficult to find in it an idea that would distinguish between noble and peasant.
Christ called everyone equal; but he was also crucified for it.
The aggravating circumstance found in Hajnóczi’s judgment was that he was mature, and in Solarcsik he was young.
Aman has no chance of healing because she is stuck in sin, so there is no hope where sin will show up so early.
In his deer judgment, it was obviously stated that he did not stand in the company, did not accept the signs, and yet he was convicted, why? because he had wit? for it was the star of the heaven of the nation, which was to be quenched?
In his verse verdict, it is alleged that he put the Marseilles starter to music. So the judges didn’t know who edited the marseillaise song? or maybe they didn’t want to know. It is very amusing what the dignified gentlemen commented on at the outset; it is said that this includes very offensive expressions, that it is worded to incite rebellion and to stir up the people to take up arms against the king and the country.-317-
So this time our board judges were also featured as music judges.
In Landerer’s judgment, it is noteworthy that the royal plaque acquitted him of the death penalty and the seven-person sentenced him to death.
It is an unheard of case for the top table to go as far as the highest penalty: if that death distribution should be called a penalty. Smetanovich, this twenty-year-old, is almost acquitted by the royal plaque, and the seven-person, where the palatine himself presided, should not have done what as an interested party, because he was thus a judge and accuser in one person, sentenced to death. István decretuma’s 15th article. And this article does not say death, but exile. He was sentenced to almost death, despite mitigating circumstances, by Sulyovsky, Kazinczy, Szabó, Slavic and Uza. It was their fault that they saw Catechism «and did not give up». To death, the Slavic and Laczkovich brothers did not betray their brothers.
Since when have they taught the Hungarian man to smell the hidden opinions with a pointed nose, to pick up all the dropped words, to steal the beliefs, to express the opinions of the people from his heart and to run with him to whose guard he wears on his neck? Since when do you dare to state openly that the traitor is paid? and since when is he that heareth condemned to death?
In the judgment of Pál Rosti, the seven-person board says that any association united for any reform is prohibited by our laws.
There is no such law in China, not in Muscat, but not even in the Corpus juris.
Beyond the sentence of Paul Rosti, the line of death sentences is abolished; whose holes were hitherto taken up, without distinction they were all put to death. From now on, prison for everyone.
Maybe the first ones were the most sinful?
Oh no. Because it was not possible to know this in advance, it could only come to light after the examination.-318-
Túros, Abafi, Jancsics, László Laczkovics, János Rosti, Ujgyörgyi, Bacsányi were acquitted.
Why were they saved, they were condemned? it belongs to the secrets of status.
The first execution took place. Everyone, including the royal tablet itself, which condemned them, believed until the last minute that the judgment would not be carried out.
It is said that the septemviral assured the royal plaque that by his right to pardon he would alleviate judgments that were merely frightening.
However, he did not keep his word.
The violation of a given word is not otherwise unprecedented in the book of the history of our country for three hundred years.
It was then that the royal plaque was so similar to the seven-man that he wanted to say goodbye to the office of his president, Ürményi, his staff, in that he was prevented only by the king expelling him before he left office.
Since then, the royal plaque has not sentenced anyone to death, worthy of the pity of those who targeted the following, especially Abafi and Bacsány.
It was a shame not to wait until some were convicted and then to start necking.
Two months later, after the events, the palatine, Archduke Alexander, passed away with terrible death in Vienna. Fireworks were made: gunpowder ignited and rockets tore and burned his body so that its intestines were exposed.
This is how he lived in terrible torment for 36 hours.
Thus he died on July 12 at two o’clock in Vienna in 1795.
“If, in addition to Styx, the moved souls can still associate with each other, I would like to hear the conversation between the executed and their judges.” This is what a surviving manuscript from that age says.
These happened fifty-three years ago on this earth, where the flags of freedom are now carried along.-319-
The wailing of weeping women, weeping orphans sounded through the windows, where the wind is now fluttering with variegated ribbons, pale faces marched along the streets, pulled aside by the wall, avoiding each other, where now a cheerful people is running, greeting and embracing each other brotherly.
A raging, wild alien army walked through the spaces, shocking the awakener with a mechanical knock, where a free, self-willed national guard is now maintaining order; including the faces of our best-known friends. An innocent compatriot has collapsed in the marketplace, where now the triumphantly blessed red wine is collapsing and the sky itself is shaking with a cry of life.
Bless God that you have buried the earth and reversed the flow of time and do not curse those who are already in the tomb.
Let their mistakes be written down and forgiven.
May the rest be upon the souls whose names have been erased from the hearts of men for fifty-three years.
Let the ashes rest, whose graves have been trampled on for fifty-three years, but who have not ceased to love their homeland in the graves, whose wounds have not been healed by heaven.
Now be healed forever.
Forgive the heavens to the dead, as we forgive the living.
Show the white flags! long live the home!