On the 15th, the strong sandstorm caused many people in northern China to lose their color. In Mongolia, the source of this sandstorm, the local people experienced a disaster (pictured). As of 17:00 on the 15th, severe weather such as blizzards and strong sand and dust has caused 10 deaths, and one person is still missing.
The General Administration of Emergency Situations of Mongolia held a press conference on the 15th, saying that from the 13th to the 14th, disasters such as blizzards and strong sand and dust occurred in Mongolia’s Kent, Dongfang, Sukhbaatar, South Gobi, Central Gobi, and Gobi Sumbel provinces. In sexual weather, wind speeds can reach more than 20 meters per second, and gusts can reach 30 to 34 meters per second.
According to the “Regulations on Typhoon Business and Services” issued by the China Meteorological Administration in 2001, Beaufort’s wind power rating has set a level 12 typhoon at 32.4-36.9 m/s. This sandstorm in Mongolia has reached the level of a level 12 gale. It is so powerful that it is rare on land. Currently, the Mongolian State Emergency Management Agency has received a total of 590 reports of missing persons. In addition to 10 deaths, 579 people have been searched by provincial emergency departments and local governments. One person is still missing in Sukhbaatar province and is searching for it.
In addition to casualties and missing persons, the strong sand and dust weather also caused property losses to some herders, including 58 yurts and 121 courtyards were destroyed by strong sandstorms, roofs of more than 20 houses were lifted, and more than 1,200 cattle and sheep and other livestock were damaged by strong sandstorms. Roll away. The strong sandstorm also destroyed parts of power lines in western Mongolia and caused power outages in some areas. Officials of the General Administration of Emergency Situations of Mongolia stated at a press conference that spring is a season of frequent sandstorms and snowstorms. Both May 2008 and May 2018 have caused casualties, livestock, yurts and other property due to blizzards and strong sandstorms. The loss situation.
According to the “Global Times” reporter’s 12-year experience in Mongolia, the capital city Ulaanbaatar has several light or heavy sandstorms every year, but the sandstorms since the 14th can be regarded as the most serious in recent years. Once. On the morning of the 14th, a sandstorm suddenly blew up in Ulaanbaatar. The entire city was covered by sand and the visibility was only tens of meters. With the windows closed tightly at home, the reporter could still feel the heavy smell of sand in the air. Two air purifiers were activated indoors, and the air quality still showed “red” heavy pollution for a long time.
Fortunately, this dust storm lasted only three or four hours in Ulaanbaatar, and was blown to the south by cold air from the northwest. Therefore, the city’s citizens’ travel and life were not affected much, and many people’s eyes were still focused on In terms of epidemic prevention and control and vaccination, especially in Ulaanbaatar, which has a population of more than 1.4 million, there are more than 100 new confirmed cases every day, and the number of local cases has exceeded 3,000. The government has to raise the level of prevention and control again from the 15th. , 14 agglomeration industries closed for two weeks. According to the reporter’s observation, although the people of Mongolia are also very concerned about environmental issues such as sandstorms, they generally do not take special protective measures. If it were not for the epidemic, even if there was a sandstorm, most citizens did not have the awareness of wearing masks and rarely Some people will “arm” themselves through different clothes in the sandy weather.
The sandstorm was violent, and the casualties and property losses caused by it attracted the attention of Mongolian media and self-media. People have shared videos and pictures of sandstorms on social media. Some netizens said that the number of deaths from strong sand and dust weather exceeded the number of deaths from new coronary pneumonia (8 people), which made them feel the severity of environmental problems. Some netizens said on social media: “Should we learn from Chinese people planting trees?” ”
In fact, Mongolia is not without prevention and control. The country began to formulate and implement a national plan to reduce desertification in 1996; in 2011, the Institute of Geology and Environment of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences established the “Research Center for Desertification Reduction” in Lashat County, Burgan Province, to strengthen research in reducing desertification And test work. For more than ten years, the Mongolian government has implemented a series of more than 20 environmental protection programs to prevent desertification and about 240 projects, such as the “green wall”, “protection of forests” and “protection of water”. However, these have not achieved significant results in combating desertification.
Due to global warming and excessive development, Mongolia’s environmental problems have become increasingly prominent. 70% of the country’s land is facing varying degrees of desertification and desertification, and there is a trend of continuous expansion. Mongolia is a traditional animal husbandry country. The number of livestock in Mongolia has been increasing year after year. In 2020, the number of livestock will exceed 70 million. Overgrazing has caused pasture degradation. In addition, the disorderly exploitation of mineral resources and other human factors have exacerbated the process of grassland desertification. A person who has been engaged in mining in Mongolia for a long time said that the sandstorm was “disaster-level”. “We have discussed the long-term large-scale extraction of groundwater from the OT mine (that is, the Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold mine). The destruction is permanent. For decades, China has invested huge manpower and material resources to combat desertification, but Mongolia’s ecological deterioration has directly affected China. I think China and Mongolia have a common ecological connection and need to jointly maintain the ecology and (build) the ecological destiny. Community.”