The 2019 British general election not only gave Prime Minister Johnson a great victory, but also derived a new term-“red wall”. This term was coined by British polling researcher James Kanagasuriyam, which specifically refers to the hard-core vote warehouse of the Labour Party, one of the two major political parties in the UK. With the suppression of union power by the Conservative government led by Margaret Thatcher, the proud coal and textile industries in the “Red Wall” district are declining. Coupled with the impact of global trade, the economy of some regions has been sluggish. . People in the Red Wall District have become more and more sad in recent years, and the epidemic has worsened the situation in the past two years. In local media reports, words such as “collapse” and “split” are often associated with the “red wall”. The media is actually talking about the trend of “red wall” becoming “blue”. Blue represents the Conservative Party. When local public opinion mentions the direction of political and popular sentiment, they often say that the long red wall is replaced by “blue bricks”. Even if the “red wall turns blue”, the lives of people in the traditional Labor Party ticket warehouses are still troubled.
The “Red Wall” area in the traditional sense runs along the central part of England represented by Birmingham and Coventry all the way to the north, spreading across Yorkshire and reaching the northeast of Wales. These areas have gathered front-line workers in the British industry. Many of them are engaged in automobile manufacturing, machining or working in coal mines and steel mills. For a long time, they lived in the heart of the British Labour Party.
During the booming manufacturing industry in the last century, local people’s lives were prosperous, and now this is the most aging and most depressed area in the UK. Many people participated in the national strike of miners that opposed the policies of the Thatcher government from 1984 to 1985. Nowadays, on the streets of some cities and towns, you can still see related posters and posters posted on the windows of some residents as a memorial. They blamed the increasing difficulty of their lives on EU immigrants and their own job grabbing, so in the 2016 Brexit referendum, “Red Wall” people generally voted for Brexit. Because the Labor Party was once ambiguous on the issue of Brexit, the “red wall” people simply abandoned the Labor Party they had supported for many years, turning the red wall blue, making today’s British political map, a large area in the middle is airtight. Blue Wall”.
Liverpool, an important port city in the north during the industrial revolution, has been one of the places where the British economy has been lagging behind in recent years. The eating habits of local people are also considered to be unhealthy, and the incidence of cancer in the past 10 years has been higher than that of other parts of the UK. Part-time odd jobs bring unstable work conditions, and people in the “red wall” have a higher probability of encountering a housing loan crisis and not having enough money to treat illnesses and buy food.
The red walls turned blue did not make people feel that their lives had changed. Poverty is still the label of some northern cities and towns. In some areas such as Yorkshire and the Humber River, due to government cuts in social welfare, many local single mothers have to go out to do odd jobs while raising children. Lower-class women who travel between work and family have also experienced a shortened lifespan. The problem.
Since the outbreak of the new crown epidemic in the UK, UK primary and secondary schools have repeatedly suspended schools in accordance with the government’s closure policy, and online classes at home have become the only option for children to continue learning. However, in many “red wall” areas, some low-income families do not have suitable computers for children to use, or the Internet speed at home simply cannot meet the needs of online lessons, so that every child in the family can use a laptop to take lessons. In this regard, research by local think tanks in the United Kingdom has also found that during the suspension of the epidemic, children in the 20% with the best economy spend 30% more time on their studies than children in the 20% with the worst. It’s an extra 75 minutes a day. This also means that children from wealthy families can easily achieve better academic performance.