According to a report by French Radio Blue on the 5th, French Sports Minister Marasineanu said that in the past year, 445 sports people have been investigated for suspected sexual assault. She has sent a report to the department that specifically targets sexual violence in sports.
After French figure skating star Abibo published a book last year exposing the fact that she was sexually assaulted and raped by a coach for a long time during her underage, a “listening platform” that exposed sexual violence in the sports world was opened in February 2020 to encourage more victims to break their silence. Marasineanu said that the platform has received hundreds of reports, and the Sports Ministry’s investigation team has processed or is processing a total of 407 related cases, involving 445 people and 48 sports federations. The report shows that 96% of the sex offenders are men and 72% are qualified as sports coaches; 83% of the victims are women and almost all are minors; 63% of the cases involve minors under 15 years of age. The ministerial representative responsible for sexual violence in sports, Burdais, emphasized that the vast majority of sexual assaults occurred in traditional sports clubs, of which 25 cases involved high-level sports institutions.
It is not accidental that so many sexual assault scandals broke out in the French sports industry within a year. The President of the Loiret Province Feel Court, Christo, cited an example of a bicycle coach accused of participating in 19 rape cases, saying that the sports world is like a school, a hunting ground that attracts “predators.” At present, many French governors have imposed 191 administrative bans on those involved, including 16 public officials under the Ministry of Sports and 7 PE teachers under the Ministry of Education.
Representatives of Britain, France, Germany, China, and Russia gathered in Vienna, Austria on the 6th to hold talks with Iranian and American nuclear negotiators. The United States and Iran discussed the U.S. return to Iran’s nuclear agreement and lifted sanctions against Iran through “indirect negotiations”. , All parties fully implement the Iran nuclear agreement and other issues. This is the first indirect negotiation between the United States and Iran since the United States unilaterally withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement in 2018, sending a signal for the two sides to improve their relations and resolve the Iranian nuclear issue peacefully.
Biden’s adjustment of policy is considered to be a last resort. During the Trump era, the United States relied on military hard power and super-containment policies to exert extreme pressure on Iran, and even threatened that Iran “cannot sell a drop of oil.” However, Iran did not succumb and temporarily survived the difficult situation. While consolidating its status as a regional power, while establishing strategic cooperative relations with China and Russia through “back-to-back”, the Trump administration’s policy of suppressing change failed to work. Since Biden took power, the United States has faced a series of thorny issues in the Middle East, such as the Iranian nuclear issue, Yemen, Syria, Palestine-Israel, Libya, refugees, and the fight against the new crown epidemic. Biden adopted a dual policy of “engagement + containment” against Iran, drawing red lines for Iran through military actions to prevent Iran from infiltrating Iraq, Yemen, and the eastern Mediterranean. At the same time, together with European allies, they used multilateral international mechanisms to restrain Iran’s development of its nuclear program. Hands and feet.
However, indirect negotiations in Vienna can only be the first step in the Long March. Freezing three feet is not a day’s cold. The talks will focus on testing the bottom line of the other party. There is still a long way to go for a soft landing on the Iranian nuclear issue. The United States urges Iran to stop uranium enrichment first, while Iran requires the United States to lift its comprehensive sanctions on Iran and rejects the proposal of the United States for informal direct talks between the two countries. A package solution to the Iranian nuclear issue is more difficult.
First of all, the Biden administration is still hesitating on the Iranian nuclear issue and its policies are vague. Although Biden used a lot of the Obama-era team, including the appointment of Robert Marley, the Obama administration’s senior diplomatic adviser, as the U.S. Special Representative for Iran, this person was a key member of the Obama administration’s participation in the negotiations on the comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue, but after six years With development, the situation in the Middle East has undergone great changes. Regarding the “big pit” dug by Trump on the Iranian nuclear issue during Trump’s tenure, the Biden administration has failed to recover in the short term. Iran originally thought that Biden would switch to a policy of engagement with Iran and even take the initiative to ease relations with Iran. Unexpectedly, after Biden came to power, he would first launch air strikes against Iranian-backed militias in Syria, and then increase oil sanctions against Iran, warning countries not to engage in economic and trade cooperation with Iran, otherwise they will follow U.S. domestic laws to impose sanctions on partners. Increased Iran’s suspicion about the strategic intentions of the Biden administration.
Secondly, it is also difficult for the Iranian Rouhani government to make substantial concessions. The conclusion of the Iran nuclear agreement in 2015 has become an important “political achievement” of Iran’s moderates represented by President Rouhani. However, the United States unilaterally tore up the agreement and targeted Iranian leaders, including Iran’s Supreme Leader Khamenei, as the targets of sanctions. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is a terrorist organization, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard’s Al-Quds Brigade senior commander Soleimani was targeted. In November last year, Iranian nuclear scientist Fahrizad was assassinated and killed. These have greatly undermined Iran’s trust in the United States.
Third, the United States and Iran have different understandings of the crux of the Iranian nuclear issue. The Iranian government believes that the dispute between the United States and Iran is how to resolve the “Iranian nuclear issue” through political and diplomatic means, while the United States believes that the crux of the issue is the “Iranian issue” because the United States not only wants to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons, but also to prevent it through “contract amendment” Iran develops ballistic missiles, opposes Iran’s interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries, and disrupts the “Shia Resistance Alliance” established by Iran around Israel and other US allies. To put it bluntly, the ultimate goal of the United States is to push back Iran’s influence through comprehensive means such as military containment, diplomatic isolation, political blockade, economic sanctions, and strategic communication, and even achieve the ultimate goal of changing the Iranian regime. This of course is impossible for Iran to accept.
Finally, the Biden administration and Rouhani administration are facing constraints in their promotion of the political settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue. Conservative forces in the United States, especially the Republican Party and pro-Jewish forces, oppose improving relations with Iran and opposing the return of the United States to the Iran nuclear agreement. U.S. allies in the Middle East, such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE, are also worried about Iran’s “nuclear rise” and becoming a nuclear weapon in the Middle East Big country. In December last year, the Iranian parliament passed a bill urging Rouhani’s government to continue to break through the restrictions of the Iran nuclear agreement without loosening US sanctions. By the end of May, the three-month interim agreement signed between Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency will expire, leaving little time for the two governments to improve relations. In June this year, Iran will usher in the presidential election. The conservatives are bound to use the Iranian nuclear issue to attack the moderate forces. Therefore, it is difficult for the Rouhani government to make a difference.
In short, after the Trump administration withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement, the U.S. and Iran were at a war, and the two sides focused on “fighting courage.” In the next game between the U.S. and Iran, the two sides will “hand-to-hand”, which is both “wise” and “fighting”. Fighting courage”. The resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue requires inclusive dialogue, relying on “persuasion” rather than “subduing”, and insisting on mutual respect rather than condescending trials. The escalation of the Iranian nuclear crisis originated from the unilateral withdrawal of the nuclear agreement by the United States in 2018. Iran subsequently broke through some of the provisions of the nuclear agreement, including increasing the number of centrifuges and nuclear material reserves, increasing the abundance of uranium enrichment to 20%, and restricting the International Atomic Energy Agency. The verification and supervision activities of the verification team in Iran. To untie the bell, you must also be the bell man. The United States should unconditionally return to the Iran nuclear agreement, lift sanctions on Iran, stop using “long-arm jurisdiction” to disrupt economic and trade exchanges between Iran and other countries, and jointly maintain nuclear security in the Middle East. Because of the above complex factors, the ice of structural contradictions between the United States and Iran is difficult to melt in a short period of time.