Be wary of the digital economy becoming the hardest hit area of ​​”anti-globalization”

  Over the past decade or so, the global digital economy has accelerated development, leading the wave of globalization in the digital age, and has greatly released the global digital dividend. However, the current series of actions taken by the United States to suppress Chinese digital platform companies are a manifestation of “anti-globalization” and have also played a negative role in demonstrating other countries. If this trend cannot be reversed, the digital economy will likely become a hard-hit area for “anti-globalization”, which will greatly damage the post-epidemic recovery of the world economy, and in turn damage the dividends that the globalization of the digital economy has brought to people around the world. As the world’s largest and most advantageous digital economy, the United States will inevitably bear the cost of the digital economic conflict that it provoked.
  United States “reverse globalization” to spread the digital economy
  in the past few years, the United States and disregard of the basic norms of international law and the basic rules of international trade and investment, trade and investment frequently initiate a series of protection measures for the global launch of “tariff war” to exit the multilateral international organizations, strongly Promote the principle of unilateralism and the supremacy of American interests. In response to China, the United States used state actions to suppress Huawei and ZTE under the pretext of national security. At the same time, it launched a “tariff war” and a science and technology war against China, and blocked the normal learning and business exchanges of some overseas students and scientific and technological personnel in China and the United States.
  2020 is destined to be a turbulent year. In this stormy wave, China, as a strong center of stability, has always maintained an open and friendly attitude, cooperating with other countries to overcome difficulties. However, the negative impact of the epidemic on the economies of various countries, especially global trade, has not subsided. The rise of China’s Internet technology, digital media and entertainment industries has been forcibly curbed by a “visible hand”, and Chinese Internet technology companies “go overseas” to operate. The road has become extremely difficult. A typical recent incident is that TikTok was forcibly sold by the U.S. government, which fully exposed the double standards and hypocrisy of digital trade liberalization and free flow of data that the U.S. has always advertised.
  On August 5, 2020, US Secretary of State Pompeo released a so-called “The Clean Network” plan, which pushed the United States’ double standards and “anti-globalization” nature in the field of digital economy to history. High Point. The plan is exactly the same as the TikTok incident. It directly accused China of posing a threat to US national security on unwarranted charges, and proposed cutting off ties with Chinese companies in the five major areas of operators, application stores, applications, cloud services, and submarine cables. This plan is actually an expansion and supplement to the previous “clean 5G network plan”, with the intention to completely exclude China’s technology industry from the future development of the international digital economy through administrative means. The use of state machinery by the United States to interfere with the normal order of global Internet technology development has seriously deviated from its consistent advocacy of supporting the free flow of data and opposing server and data localization requirements, exposing the trend of “anti-globalization” spreading to the digital economy. .
  ”Fragmented network” hinder the development of the global digital economy
  the digital economy has a natural property free and open, is most likely to globalization, but also the most dependent areas of globalization. The United States’ suppression of digital platform companies such as TikTok will inevitably form a bad example for other countries, which may turn the global integrated network into a fragmented “fragmented network”, which will greatly hinder the development of the global digital economy. In response to the US “Net Net Project”, the Internet Society issued a statement expressing its disappointment with the US “Net Net Project”. The United States is trying to achieve short-term political goals without considering the long-term damage it may cause.
  The United States and China have always been the two major economies in the global digital economy. In terms of technology, China and the United States account for 75% of global blockchain technology related patents, 50% of the global Internet of Things, and more than 75% of the global public cloud computing market. Among the 70 largest digital platforms in the world, the market value of Chinese and American companies together accounted for 90% of the total market value. Among them, 7 “super platforms” – Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook, Tencent, and Alibaba, accounted for 2/3 of the total market value. The overall scale of the digital economy of the two countries accounts for about 4.5% to 15.5% of the world’s GDP. In terms of the added value of the information and communication technology sector, the United States and China together account for almost 40% of the world’s total. China’s rapid development in the global digital economy has made the United States uneasy. The United States’ suppression of Chinese Internet technology companies also reflects its intention to use improper means to lead the development of cutting-edge technologies and digital industries.
  The core of the Internet lies in its global coverage and its non-centrally authorized system architecture. This attribute gives it more freedom, convenience, and expandability. The United States has not only broken the natural nature of network interconnection, but if China’s operators, cloud services, and submarine cables are excluded from the global digital economy, it will directly increase the cost of international Internet transmission, waste resources, and reduce the flexibility of the Internet. , Increase the possibility of more security risks such as Internet interruption and surveillance. This kind of policy will accelerate the trend of “fragmented networks.” As networks and other communication technologies are important carriers of the digital economy, once they are restricted, they will inevitably hinder the global influence and growth potential of the digital economy.
  Digital economy requires a free and open and fair competitive environment
  in Osaka G20 summit held in June 2019, China has proposed, like the petroleum data, shall establish fair and non-discriminatory market, can not engage in development behind closed doors, not man-made Interfere with the market; we must jointly improve data governance rules to ensure the safe and orderly use of data.
  The “White Paper on China’s Digital Economy Development (2020)” pointed out that the key production factor of the digital economy is digital knowledge and information, the core driving force is digital technology innovation, and the important carrier is modern information networks. Therefore, the development of data, technology and the Internet is indispensable, and they are products without borders. They need the joint development and common progress of outstanding talents from all over the world to achieve spiral development. An open and fair international market is essential to the development of the digital economy.
  The digital economy is about to enter a new stage of coordinated development of the “four modernizations”, namely data value, digital industrialization, industrial digitalization, and digital governance. At present, the degree of global internationalization is extremely high, and the development of the digital economy is inseparable from the support and support of the global industrial chain. As a giant in the digital economy, the United States has adopted “anti-globalization” measures. On the one hand, it is afraid of and suppresses the development of China’s science and technology; on the other hand, it is essentially to maintain its high-tech monopoly. This behavior of the United States completely violated market principles and international economic and trade rules, and seriously threatened the security of the international digital economy industrial chain and supply chain. Although a series of US measures may have a certain impact on the development of China’s digital technology and digital industry in the short term, the rise of protectionism in the fragmented global network and digital market is bound to pose potential for the largest digital service provider in the United States. Threatened, the biggest victim of digital trade protectionism will ultimately be the United States itself.
  China actively promote international cooperation in the digital economy governance
  in recent years, China’s digital economy showing strong momentum. In 2019, the added value of my country’s digital economy reached 35.8 trillion yuan, accounting for 36.2% of GDP. Further expansion of scale and increase of contribution rate require a more solid foundation for development and a free and open international environment.
  From a domestic perspective, my country is deepening the promotion of digital governance capabilities, strengthening the construction of laws and regulations and policy exploration. For example, the “Data Security Law of the People’s Republic of China (Draft)” proposes to implement hierarchical and classified protection of data, and data security protection obligations and social responsibilities must be fulfilled to carry out data activities; Shanghai has issued China’s first digital trade development action plan “Shanghai The Municipal Digital Trade Development Action Plan (2019-2021); Zhejiang Province has issued the “Regulations on the Promotion of Digital Economy in Zhejiang Province” to formulate public data security management measures.
  From an international perspective, my country has been actively participating in international digital economic governance cooperation. In October 2019, my country hosted the Sixth World Internet Conference, proposing to promote the construction of a community with a shared future in cyberspace, and to convey the “Chinese Proposition” of Internet governance. In addition, China is gradually transforming from a participant to an advocate, actively participating in the formulation of relevant international standards, and promoting international cooperation in personal information protection and network security. In January 2019, at the informal ministerial meeting on e-commerce held in Davos, Switzerland, 76 World Trade Organization members including China and the United States jointly issued the “Joint Statement on E-Commerce”, advocating the multilateral expansion of digital trade . The free trade agreements between China and Australia, South Korea and Singapore all include separate e-commerce chapters, and the free trade agreements with Chile also include e-commerce cooperation content. In the future, my country’s free trade agreement negotiations with Norway, Israel and other countries will also conduct more in-depth exploration in the field of digital trade.
  Sino-U.S. cooperation will make the world prosper, and Sino-U.S. struggle will cause the world to decline. In the past, the rapid development of the global digital economy benefited from open cooperation including China and the United States. In the future, these two world’s largest digital economies will gather the world’s most competitive digital platform companies. China and the United States should work together to jointly develop digital cutting-edge technologies, deepen the liberalization and globalization of the digital economy, and benefit all countries in the world.