Through the lush broad-leaved forest, the humid and hot air is mixed with the fragrance of soil. This is an ordinary day in the Wild Elephant Valley of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, where there is the only tropical rain forest nature reserve in China, and it is also the reproduction of Asian elephants in China. A place to live.
Iwakhan Lu was originally an armed police forest fighter. After retiring, he chose to protect wild animals as his career. Now he is the leader of the Asian Elephant Observation and Protection Team. He returned here today just to visit an old friend-Ye Xiang Ranran. This is a wild elephant that was rescued by him and his comrades in the Asian elephant breeding and rescue center. “Ranran” is the name they gave it. Haven’t seen him for a long time, but will you still remember him? In this regard, Yanhanlu is very sure. Sure enough, Ran Ran not only recognized him immediately, but also slowly bowed his huge body to greet him, and Yanhanlu also folded his hands in return to it.
Can people and wild animals live together in harmony? Does environmental protection make sense? The picture of “old friends” reuniting in front of me is perhaps the best interpretation of the power of nature watchers.
On April 22, 2021, we are about to celebrate the 52nd Earth Day. This year’s promotion theme is “Restore Our Earth”. The “repair” of the earth is based on respecting nature, conforming to nature, protecting nature, cherishing the creatures that live with us, and maintaining the stability of the population. This undoubtedly requires the participation of each of us. In recent years, Chinese people’s awareness of environmental protection has increased day by day. Not only does the government attach importance to ecological civilization in policies, law enforcement, and publicity, but also the concerted contributions of non-governmental environmental organizations. Public welfare environmentalists from the private sector have become an important force in keeping watch over this green water and green mountains.
The concept of environmental protection seems very young, but our country has realized the importance of protecting mountains, rivers and seas thousands of years ago. According to the records of “Zhou Li·Diguan·Situ” and “Shang Shu·Yu Shu·Shun Dian”, the earliest environmental protection agencies in ancient times can be traced back to the era of “Three Emperors and Five Emperors”. At that time, the environmental protection agency and the related official title was named “Yu”, which was established by Emperor Shun to be responsible for the protection and governance of mountains, forests, Sichuan, and Ze; during the Zhou Dynasty, the environmental protection agencies were divided into Shanyu, Chuanheng, The four departments of Lin Heng and Zeyu were all under the jurisdiction of the local official Situ; during the Qin and Han Dynasties, “Shaofu” replaced “Yu” to exercise the function of environmental protection; after the Three Kingdoms, “Yuguan” returned to take over environmental protection matters; Tang and Song During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the imperial court set up the “Yu Heng Division” in charge of environmental protection affairs.
With the development of society, the level of modern economy and technology has far surpassed that of feudal society. Environmental protection is no longer limited to the geographical environment. Animals and plants, ecological environment and environmental awareness are all within the scope of environmental protection. Environmental protection non-governmental organizations are non-governmental organizations whose main purpose is environmental protection, are not profit-making, have no administrative power, and provide environmental public welfare services to the society. At present, there are four types of non-governmental environmental protection organizations. One is non-governmental environmental protection organizations initiated by government departments, such as China Environmental Protection Federation, China Environmental Protection Foundation, China Environmental Culture Promotion Association, local environmental science societies, environmental protection industry associations, wildlife protection associations, etc.; second is spontaneously formed by the private sector Non-governmental environmental protection organizations such as Friends of Nature, Global Village, and other non-profit organizations engaged in environmental protection activities in a non-profit manner; the third is student environmental protection organizations and their associations, including the internal environmental protection associations of the school, and multiple school environmental protection association associations, etc. The fourth is an international non-governmental environmental protection organization in China.
In 1973, my country held the National Environmental Protection Conference for the first time, marking the start and development of my country’s environmental protection cause. The symbol of the establishment of the concept of environmental protection organization should be the establishment of the Chinese Society of Environmental Sciences in May 1978, which was the earliest environmental protection non-governmental organization initiated by government departments. Subsequently, the Black-headed Gull Conservation Association of Panjin City, Liaoning Province was registered and established in 1991, and the “Friends of Nature” was established in Beijing in 1994. Since then, my country’s environmental protection non-governmental organizations have begun to take shape.
Famous safari man and wildlife photographer Xi Zhinong.
The protection of wild animals (hereinafter referred to as “wild protection”) is an important part of environmental protection, and it is also the part that is most likely to attract people’s attention. The first endangered wild animal “out of the circle” was the familiar national treasure giant panda. The world’s largest and most experienced independent non-governmental environmental protection organization World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) also chose giant pandas as its logo. WWF was established in 1961. Its founder is Huxley, a famous British biologist and the first director-general of UNESCO. In the same year that WWF was founded, the giant panda “Xixi” went to London Zoo for loan for an exhibition, causing tens of thousands of people to come to see the naive, black-and-white giant panda. WWF realized that an influential organization logo can overcome language barriers, so it uses the giant panda as its logo and continues to use it today. The World Wide Fund for Nature, which is related to giant pandas, also “cared for the hometown of giant pandas”. It participated in the protection of giant pandas and their habitats in China in 1980, and was the first to be invited by the Chinese government to carry out protection in China. Working international non-governmental organization.
When it comes to animals that have been born as a result of environmental protection, the name of Tibetan antelope cannot be omitted. Xi Zhinong, a well-known Yunnan safari who used to be a photographer in the “Oriental Time and Space” column, went deep into the Hoh Xil no man’s land for 20 days to track and photograph the “Wild Yak Team” and collected a large amount of Tibetan antelope poaching. And anti-poaching video materials and produced a documentary to be broadcast on “Eastern Time and Space”. This is the first TV program to fully and truly show the living conditions of Tibetan antelopes at that time and anti-poaching operations. The dangerous living conditions of Tibetan antelopes at that time were immediately The people across the country know that under the leadership of government departments, the mass media, Friends of Nature, WWF, and the International Fund for the Protection of Animals have jointly called for an international seminar on Tibetan antelope protection and the prevention of Tibetan antelope wool trade. In the end, Tibetan antelopes were effectively protected, and rampant poaching was cracked down, marking that people’s awareness of wildlife protection has reached a new level.
It can be seen that non-governmental environmental protection organizations have extended environmental protection work to communities and grassroots, and have begun to organize public participation in environmental protection, provide advice and suggestions for national environmental protection, carry out social supervision, and safeguard public environmental rights and interests, greatly accelerating the establishment of public environmental awareness.