Early in the morning on April 13, the Japanese cabinet made a decision to discharge nuclear wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear power plant into the sea.
There was an uproar in the world.
When the more than 1 million tons of nuclear waste water began to pour into the sea, no ocean in the world could be spared.
One of the most direct consequences of the massive earthquake off the coast of Japan on March 11, 2011 was that the tsunami damaged the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and caused a major nuclear leak. A large amount of nuclear waste water was produced in the emergency rescue, and it is still increasing at a rate of 140 tons per day. As of now, the fate of more than 1 million tons of nuclear waste water has attracted worldwide attention.
In the 10 years since the incident, the Japanese side has been cautiously probing and testing the borders, and from time to time the wind has been released to try to find the way for the nuclear waste water. Once you find that the bounce is too loud, immediately press the button again. After the volatility caused by “the wolf is coming” gradually lost its elasticity, the “wolf” really came. Japanese media reported on April 9 that the Japanese government basically decided to discharge nuclear waste water into the sea. Just a weekend, early in the morning of April 13, the Japanese cabinet meeting made the emission decision.
According to the scene demonstrated by the computer of the relevant ocean research institute, as the earth rotates from west to east, the Fukushima nuclear power plant is located on the east coast of the Japanese archipelago, and the discharged nuclear waste water will spread eastward along with ocean currents. The first impact is the coastal waters of Fukushima, followed by the Pacific coastal waters of Japan. Calculated from the date of discharge, it will spread to more than half of the Pacific Ocean after 57 days, and affect the waters of the United States and Canada three years later. As ocean currents continue to spread, in fact nuclear waste will soon spread to every sea area, “no ocean is immune.”
Japan’s emission decision is considered extremely irresponsible, extremely selfish, and extremely harmful. As a close neighbor of Japan, the spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated in a statement that Japan had not exhausted security measures, ignored domestic and foreign questions and opposition, and had unilaterally decided to exclude seas without full consultation with neighboring countries and the international community. Disposal of nuclear waste water from the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident is extremely irresponsible and will seriously damage international public health and safety and the vital interests of the people of neighboring countries. South Korean officials strongly condemn the Japanese decision and will convey to the International Atomic Energy Agency South Korea’s deeply worried position on this matter. 31 South Korean citizen groups issued a statement condemning the Japanese decision and calling it “nuclear terrorism.” Hundreds of thousands of people in Japan also signed their names to oppose the discharge of nuclear waste water into the sea. Some lawmakers called this a “government brutality.”
The discharge of nuclear waste water into the sea has a huge impact on the world’s marine ecology. The IAEA expert group assessment report pointed out that if the tritium-containing wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear power plant is discharged into the ocean, it will have an impact on the marine environment and public health of neighboring countries. At the same time, the existing treated wastewater still contains other radioactive elements and needs to be further purified. . Greenpeace nuclear experts pointed out that the carbon 14 contained in Japanese nuclear waste water is dangerous for thousands of years and may cause genetic damage.
The nuclear waste water storage tank of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant has a capacity of 1.37 million tons and currently stores 1.25 million tons of nuclear waste water. The Japanese side is expected to discharge nuclear waste water in two years, and revealed that it will dilute the tritium concentration of the radioactive element in the nuclear waste water to one-fortieth of the Japanese national standard, which is 1500 becquerels/liter. Set one-seventh of the drinking water standard. But the problem is that humans will not drink water containing radioactive elements for a long time. International standards set standards based on visible hazards, while marine organisms may absorb radioactive elements for a long time through seawater and accumulate them in the body. They are transmitted through the food chain and endanger humans. , Is destructive to human DNA. In addition, radioactive elements such as strontium and cesium other than tritium in nuclear wastewater are more likely to combine with marine organisms, and accumulation to a certain concentration is more harmful to human health.
In fact, Fukushima nuclear waste water is not the only way to be discharged into the sea. Long-term storage and natural attenuation are a way. After 60 years of storage, the decay rate of tritium, which is the most difficult to remove, will reach 97%, and it will be removed naturally. After being stored for a certain number of years, most of the radioactive elements cease to exist and do not require any treatment. Of course, for the Japanese government, the cost will be much higher, and more storage tanks need to be manufactured, but if it is a responsible government, isn’t this what it should be?
In September last year, when Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga was at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, he asked the staff “Can nuclear wastewater be drunk? The staff took a glass of treated water to Suga Yoshihide and said, “You can drink it when it’s diluted.” Yoshihide Suga watched for a long time, but finally did not drink it.
The water that Yoshihide Suga dared not drink, is there any reason for the whole world to drink it?