Submarine fiber optic cable, a new battlefield for Internet giants

  In order to seize the future, Silicon Valley’s Internet giants are setting their sights on the ocean.
  On October 18, Facebook announced that it had commissioned NEC, a Japanese information technology company, to lay the transatlantic submarine cable between Europe and the United States. After completion, this will become the world’s largest capacity submarine optical cable.
  At the same time, compared with other trans-Atlantic fiber optic cables built in the 2000s, the new fiber optic cable can increase the Internet bandwidth by more than 200 times.
  At present, more than 90% of international communications are achieved through optical cables. Prior to this, network operators were the main force in laying transoceanic optical cables.
  However, with the development of the Internet, the cloud computing services and data centers of the giants spread all over the world, and the demand for traffic continues to rise. In order to solve the foreseeable “traffic shortage”, Internet giants began to lay their own optical cables.
  At present, Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft have all joined in. Among them, Facebook has the largest handwriting. In May 2020, Facebook announced the 2Africa submarine optical cable project, which plans to make optical cables surround Africa and connect Europe. This year, the project announced that it will extend 8,000 kilometers and eventually connect 33 countries. The new project announced on October 18 will also be connected to 2Africa in the future.
  In addition to laying optical cables, the giants have also tried methods such as expanding the capacity of optical fiber transmission and increasing the number of optical fibers that the cable can carry.

Four major fashion weeks return to offline

  Saint Laurent came under the Eiffel Tower again. With the models wearing catsuits and well-tailored evening dresses, they walked up to the T stage in the Trocadero Square in Paris against the backdrop of the light curtain wall, and the 2022 Paris Spring/Summer Fashion Week officially opened.
  Previously, Saint Laurent held three fashion shows next to the Eiffel Tower, but after nearly two years of COVID-19, this show has a different meaning. In the past year, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the four major fashion weeks have been moved online. In the fall of this year, the four major fashion weeks in New York, Milan, London and Paris officially returned to offline, and they were held from September to October.
  Although it is announced that it will return to offline, Fashion Week is no longer what it used to be. Take Paris Fashion Week as an example. There are 92 brands participating in this season’s Paris Fashion Week, but only 37 brands actually hold offline shows. Most brands still choose to display their new designs on the official digital platform of FHCM. In the show, except for models who do not need to wear masks for makeup and display, the rest of the makeup artists and guests must wear masks to attend.
  There are also some brands that don’t miss offline shows anymore. Gucci completely abandoned the fashion week catwalk model this year, and instead built a creative laboratory online space called Vault to showcase the brand and talk to emerging designers. Creative director Alessandro Michel said that Vault may be able to give life to new creations.

10 countries with the cheapest mobile data in the world

  As the world enters the 5G era, mobile data is becoming more and more indispensable in people’s lives. Top Dollar Financial Research recently released a report that calculated the average global price of 1GB of mobile data to be US$4.07, and the proportion of 10GB traffic consumption in each country’s global monthly salary.
  Israel / The most valuable mobile data in the world is in Israel. If you buy 10GB per month as a monthly data plan, consumers only need to pay $0.01 for a download speed of 1Mbps.
  China/ Under the “10GB” plan, Chinese users have to pay $0.03 for a download speed of 1Mbps. After entering the 5G era, the three major operators have adjusted the corresponding mobile data prices to achieve speed increase and fee reduction.
  Users in Italy/Italy need to pay $0.06 for a download speed of 1Mbps.
  There are currently 4 network operators operating in Italy, and the price war has also given Italy more low-cost options for mobile data.
  The traffic cost for France/1Mbps download speed is also $0.06. There are 4 network operators in France, and overseas regions have their own independent networks.
  The data rate for Australia/1Mbps download speed is also $0.06.
  As of the end of 2020, all three Australian operators have opened NSA5GNR networks to the public.
  Kyrgyzstan/Kyrgyzstan located in Central Asia, the traffic cost of 1Mbps download speed is also US$0.06, but the cost of Tajikistan in the same region is as high as US$1.89.
  Kuwait/Kuwait users pay $0.07 for a download speed of 1Mbps. With the increase in mobile penetration, Kuwait’s three operators have upgraded their networks to support faster download speeds and are paying more and more attention to mobile content and applications.
  Fiji/Before 2008, Vodafone was the only network operator in Fiji and achieved signal coverage throughout the archipelago. However, Digicel landed in Fiji in 2008. In order to win the market, it launched an aggressive price strategy, which resulted in a significant drop in Fiji’s traffic charges. The current traffic charge for a local download speed of 1Mbps is $0.07.
  The traffic charge for the Republic of Moldova/1Mbps download speed is $0.08. There are 3 network operators in the local area. Orange is the market leader with approximately 61% of Moldova’s mobile customers. The standard data packet rate is $0.17/MB.
  Denmark/ In Denmark, where the average annual salary is US$50,000, the cost of US$0.09 per 1Mbps is indeed not enough, but in other countries, many of this cost may still be unaffordable.

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