Samoa is located in the center of the South Pacific and consists of two main islands, Sawai and Upolu, and 8 nearby islands. The two largest islands, Savai’i and Upolu, account for about 95% of the country’s land area. The land area is 2934 square kilometers and the population is about 190,000. The Samoans are of pure Polynesian descent, 90% of the country is Polynesian race, and a few are European and Chinese mixed races. Samoa has a pleasant climate with an average temperature of 29 degrees Celsius throughout the year. And it has a long history. Someone settled here 3000 years ago.
The last country to usher in the sunrise
Samoa, located in a time zone east of the date line, is the last country in the world to welcome the sunrise and the new year. Therefore, to travel from the eastern hemisphere of the earth to Samoa, it is necessary to complete a “traveling journey to the past”.
If people depart from Sydney on Sunday afternoon, after more than 6 hours of flight, but arrive in Samoa, it is still the early hours of Sunday morning, and they can still enjoy a happy Sunday. People jokingly say that Samoa can live an extra day. However, you can only enjoy this extra day of life in Samoa, you can’t take it away. You have to return it to Samoa when you leave.
International tourists and indigenous people
The life of Samoans is very leisurely. Strolling in the capital city of Apia, the shops are sparsely populated. No matter the high mountains outside the city or the thorns in the deep valley, the only hard to find are the crops and orchards. But the Samoans are lucky because they have a special resource-bread trees. It is not difficult to fill up your stomach in Samoa.
Tropical fruits such as papaya, coconut, banana and breadfruit grow everywhere in Samoa. If you don’t have money to buy food and you are really hungry, pick a banana or papaya on the side of the road to satisfy your hunger and get a coconut to quench your thirst. The tropical fruits that can be harvested all year round allow Samoans to live a carefree life.
Every family in Samoa grows bread trees. Pick the breadfruit and cut it into slices, and bake it on the stove, the aroma of the bread will come out, and it will taste even more sweet and delicious. Someone joked that a Samoan man only needs to spend an hour to plant 12 bread trees, even if he has fulfilled his responsibility to the next generation. The fruits of 12 bread trees are enough for one person to eat for a whole year.
Not only that, the bread tree is also the raw material for various items. Boats made of bread trees are the main transportation tool for Samoans; houses built of bread trees can live for 50 years. Samoans even use bark to make ropes and various daily necessities.
Samoa has a history of more than 3,000 years, where coconut, cocoa, breadfruit, and bananas are produced locally. The local ingredients are mainly taro, banana, papaya and a kind of breadfruit that grows on the tree. The locals do not have the custom of drinking, and only use a kind of cava when entertaining guests. The so-called kava is a wine made from the roots of a pepper plant, dried and finely added with water, which will give you a feeling of ecstasy when you drink it.
Male police officer wearing a skirt on patrol
Samoa is attracting more and more tourists with its warm and humid climate, lush vegetation, clean air, and beautiful beaches. On holiday here, tourists can swim, sunbathe, go out to sea to see turtles and fish in the seaside resort, or walk into the villages of the locals to experience the folk customs.
There is an important activity in Samoan traditional customs called “Kava Ceremony”. Kava is a unique plant in the South Pacific region, belonging to the Piperaceae family. Its roots can be made into powder and dissolved in water to drink. It has the functions of relieving heat and calming down. The Kava Ceremony has a set of fixed procedures, including toasting Kava to VIPs and important people, etc. The whole process is in Samoan. Although foreigners do not understand it, they can fully experience the ancient traditions and culture of Samoa. In the evening, visitors can also watch the “Fiafia” song and dance and torch dance with a full Samoan flavor while tasting the delicacies.
Due to its location in the tropics and the hot and humid climate, many customs in Samoa can be explained by climate. In terms of clothing, people generally wear skirts; not only women wear skirts, but even men wear slippers and skirts to travel, and this is the local formal wear of Samoa. The police, men and women, are patrolling the streets in skirts. Even when the country holds major celebrations or greets state guests, the leaders of Samoa wear slippers and skirts to participate in formal ceremonies.
In addition to wearing skirts, houses without doors and windows are even more surprising. Samoans call this kind of building with no doors and windows at all and only a few pillars supporting the roof as “Falei.” Almost every household has a Vale, there are big Vale that can accommodate dozens of people or even hundreds of people, and there are small Vale that can only sit on a few people. These Vale are the main places where Samoans live and socialize.
Samoans like to sit in the ventilated Farleys without doors and windows, and chat while enjoying the cool. If you talk too late, or are too lazy to go home, just sleep on the floor in Farrell. If there are family disputes, or if there are village affairs that require the tribal chief to make a decision, the chief will summon people to Farley for meetings and chats in order to solve the problem.
Farre is a traditional house building in Samoa. It consists of several pillars and a canopy without walls, resembling a Chinese pavilion. The Farre Village on Upolu Island is located on the Apia Airport Road. It was funded by the government to build. The largest one is the Führer’s, and the remaining several small Farees are said to belong to the Führer’s family. Samoans have extreme respect for chiefs and leaders. The head of state also received special support here. It is rumored that if the lights in his house are not turned off, the other houses will also be brightly lit.
Test of courage by tattoo
Both men and women in Samoa like tattoos. For them, this not only means recording their beautiful wishes on their bodies through different patterns, but also a process of testing courage. Samoans believe that if a person can tolerate the pain of a tattoo, he can face the challenges of life and have the courage to face it optimistically at any time. Samoan men’s tattoos extend from the waist to the knees, while women’s tattoos are concentrated on the thighs. When tattooing, the operator fills the sharpened animal bones with special paint, and then uses a mallet to hit the instrument to pierce the skin into a pattern. The whole process lasts about a week. Generally speaking, tattooing ceremonies are carried out after the age of 20, but there are also many brave young people who ask for tattoos before they are 18 years old.
Lava flow on Savaii Island
Savai’i Island is the largest island in Samoa, but with a population of only more than 40,000. It mainly lives in the coastal area around the island. The island has beautiful natural scenery, lush vegetation and strong original atmosphere. The road around the island is well maintained and the environment is clean, just like a beautiful large garden.
The lava flow is the natural landscape left over from the eruption of the Matanu volcano. After the volcanic magma flowed into the sea to cool down, a dark rock field was formed. After nearly 100 years of wind and sun, some places cracked and bowed due to collapse, but the path and shape of the karst flowing down that year are still clearly visible. There is a church that was destroyed by the fire caused by the inflow of karst. The direction of the karst inflow can be clearly seen-from one gable to the other, it suddenly stopped. On the lava, the iron sheet of the roof fell and formed a wave shape.
Not far from the church, there is a tomb of a nun. When the lava flow flows to the front of the tomb, it naturally bypasses the tomb and forms a hole there. Now you can still see the top of the nun’s tomb. bless.
The strongest nation in the world
The Chinese have a long history of immigrating to Samoa. As early as the end of the 19th century, German colonists in Samoa began to recruit Chinese laborers. At that time, there were thousands of people. Most Chinese who emigrate to Samoa are men. They marry Samoan girls and have children. Mixed races of Chinese descent can be seen everywhere. Samoa is one of the first Pacific island countries to establish diplomatic relations with China. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1975, relations between the two countries have always maintained a good momentum of development.
After the outbreak of the First World War, New Zealand occupied Samoa. After that, the government began to implement a race policy, and the Chinese moved in one after another. Samoan men are burly, big-waisted, round and sturdy. With a wide chin and short neck, their low height makes them look like a “refrigerator” body. This body has strong anti-strike ability. Therefore, Samoa has also produced many famous people in American wrestling and boxing circles. For example, the American wwf professional wrestling champion and superstar “The Rock”-he is also the star of the movie “The Scorpion King”; Tua, an American boxer of Samoan origin, is only 175 cm tall and he is a super brawny man ; And MightoMo, who is also Samoan, is very famous in the American boxing circle.
Samoa, with a population of only a few hundred thousand, has so many world-class fighters, and the adult men of American Samoa are the resources of the best soldiers in the US military. No wonder some people call the Samoans “the strongest nation in the world.” “!