Use nuclear weapons to extinguish the fire? The “100 Ways” of the Former Soviet Union’s Peaceful Use of Nuclear Weapons

  When it comes to the peaceful use of nuclear energy, most people think of nuclear power plants, radiotherapy or thermonuclear fusion devices in research and development. Although speaking of the impression of nuclear weapons, the elements of “nuclear peace” may be much higher than peace, but nuclear weapons that can bring destruction can indeed be used peacefully.
  Obviously, it is necessary to have nuclear weapons before they can be used peacefully. In the last century, only the huge nuclear arsenals of the United States and the Soviet Union could support these crazy plans. In the United States, most of the peaceful uses of nuclear weapons are referred to as the “plowshare project.” A total of 31 times were carried out, most of which were testing the possibility of peaceful uses of nuclear weapons, and the actual applications were very few. In contrast, the former Soviet Union was much more radical in this regard. The former Soviet Union used “national economic nuclear explosions” to refer to the peaceful use of nuclear weapons. A total of 124 nuclear weapons were detonated and 128 nuclear weapons were detonated. The former Soviet Union used nuclear weapons peacefully for construction on a large scale, and even in 1988 there was a record of peaceful use of nuclear weapons.
Transform the mountains and rivers

  The most famous case of the peaceful use of nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union may be the construction of the Chagang artificial lake. On January 15, 1965, the Soviet Union detonated a 140,000-ton TNT-equivalent nuclear bomb at 178 meters underground. After the explosion smoke as high as 4800 meters dissipated, a funnel-shaped reservoir with a depth of 100 meters and a diameter of 430 meters appeared on the ground. The funnel-shaped reservoir has a storage capacity of 6.4 million cubic meters, and the expanded artificial lake has a storage capacity of 17 million cubic meters.

140,000 tons of TNT equivalent nuclear explosion created Chagang artificial lake

Sadang Crater

  Since 94% of the 140,000 tons of TNT equivalent is realized by fusion, the radiation of the artificial lake in Chagang is relatively small. One day and night after the explosion, the radiation intensity on the ridges along the artificial lake was 20-30 roentgens/hour, but it quickly dropped below 1 milli Roentgen/hour, and soon fell below the natural background level. However, the smoke and dust from the explosion brought 20% of the radioactive products into the atmosphere, and some have been detected in Japan. However, since the United States and the Soviet Union were conducting a large number of nuclear tests in the 1960s, the pollution caused was much higher than the explosion, and these pollutions did not receive much attention.
  Although the Qiagang artificial lake is safe according to test data, people’s concerns about nuclear radiation are still difficult to eliminate. In order to prove the quality and safety of the project, Yefim Pavlovich Slavsky, the former Minister of Atomic Energy of the Soviet Union, was the first to jump into the lake to swim.
  However, in more cases, using nuclear weapons for blasting close to the surface is better to use radiation and lower-cost small-yield nuclear weapons. However, due to the small size of the small-yield nuclear weapons, the energy is concentrated, and the blasting effect is also very good. In 1984, the former Soviet Union exploded two 1,800-ton TNT-equivalent nuclear warheads 75 meters apart, smashing a 50×125×90-meter ore section, and crushing more than 1.55 million tons of ore.
  In addition to blasting large blocks of rocks, nuclear weapons are also very useful for “blasting back” rocks. When drilling in the Uerta-Bulaque gas field reached 2,450 meters, it encountered an abnormally high pressure gas layer, and the gas spewed out and burned continuously. After the failure of conventional methods, the former Soviet Union’s Ministry of Atomic Energy and the Ministry of Geology jointly launched a nuclear bomb fire extinguishing program. They drilled an inclined well in 1966 and planted a 30,000-ton nuclear bomb at a depth of 1532 meters, about 35 meters from the accident shaft. On September 30 of that year, the nuclear bomb detonated, blocking the leaking gas wellbore. 23 seconds after the detonation, the gas completely stopped overflowing, and the fire was extinguished. Because the nuclear bomb was underground all the way, there was no radioactive contamination in subsequent mining.
  In an underground explosion, affected by the high temperature and high pressure of the nuclear explosion, the cavity around the nuclear weapon exploded into a glass body. Such a cavity is even airtight, can withstand tens of millions of atmospheres of gas, and is a good container for storing oil and gas resources. The cavity created deep underground can also be used to bury sewage and store nuclear waste.
  In addition, there are many other uses of nuclear weapons in the hands of the former Soviet Union. The former Soviet Union even submitted a report to the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1970. The report included building reservoirs, digging canals, searching for underground mineral deposits, increasing oil and gas production, nuclear explosion experiments in salt-bearing formations, creating underground storage spaces and underground mines. Mining applications in these seven areas. In every aspect, the former Soviet Union has demonstrated the economic benefits of the peaceful use of nuclear weapons, showing that the peaceful use of nuclear weapons is safe and controllable with huge benefits.

  The actual project has been stunned, and the envisaged plan to use nuclear weapons is naturally even more unreasonable. The former Soviet Union once thought about “nuclear power”. Of course, it was not traditional controllable nuclear fission, but the energy generated by the explosion of a hydrogen bomb, skipping the tokamak to achieve nuclear fusion power generation.
  The Russian Academy of Technical Physics published “Energy of Nuclear Explosion Deuterium Energy” in 1997, in which they carefully analyzed the feasibility of the explosive combustion boiler program. A cavity is dug in the mountain and a hydrogen bomb is detonated in it to transfer the heat to generate electricity. As a result, what is most needed in nuclear power plants is no longer the rare uranium ore, but the inexhaustible deuterium in the sea and the widely distributed lithium.
  In addition to using nuclear weapons to destroy the enemy during wars, people have also proposed using them to destroy dangerous weapons in peacetime. Russian scientists have estimated that the cheapest way to destroy the entire chemical weapons of the former Soviet Union (containing about 40,000 tons of toxic substances) is about 30 underground nuclear explosions of 150,000 tons; and nuclear weapons themselves may even be used for peaceful destruction of nuclear weapons. Both toxic and radioactive substances can be solidified in deep underground rock masses to avoid pollution to the surface.
  In 1995, Chinese Academician He Zuoxiu suggested in the “China Science News” that a nuclear bomb should be used to dig a 40-kilometer tunnel in the mountains on the edge of the Yarlung Zangbo River to lead the river to Medog County. Among them, the height difference reached 2500 meters. If successful, the power generation would far exceed the Three Gorges Hydropower Station, but it was later shelved due to the international situation.
“Nuclear level” ideal

  But nuclear weapons are still nuclear weapons after all, and no one can guarantee that they are 100% safe. The United States has also conducted experiments on the peaceful use of nuclear weapons, but it has caused a lot of radioactive pollution. In July 1962, the U.S. Department of Energy conducted the “Sadang Experiment” at the Nevada Proving Ground. A nuclear warhead of 1.04 million tons of TNT equivalent was stuffed 194 meters underground, exploding a crater 100 meters deep and 390 meters in diameter. However, 30% of the explosive equivalent is composed of fission, resulting in a large amount of radioactive pollution. This is the strongest radiation in the nuclear test conducted in the United States.
  After the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, the United Nations passed the “Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty” in 1996, and proposals for the peaceful use of nuclear weapons were also shelved.
  Some time ago, there were rumors that Russia proposed to use hydrogen bombs at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. There is currently no reliable source of information indicating that Russia has proposed such a proposal. Moreover, simply using hydrogen bombs at the Fukushima nuclear power plant will only aggravate the spread of nuclear contaminants and even generate more radioactive pollution.
  The idea of ​​peaceful use of nuclear weapons was ultimately shelved. Due to the extremely high energy release and subsequent radioactive pollution, the world’s fear of nuclear weapons has overwhelmed their expectations. But at least, the example of the former Soviet Union tells us that even with nuclear weapons, it is possible for humans to cast swords into plows.

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