Had a cold, why keep coughing?

  Cough can be relieved by itself after a cold.
   Cough is a normal respiratory protective physiological reflex of the human body, which can remove viscous secretions, harmful substances and foreign bodies in the pharynx and respiratory tract. serious impact on life and social activities. Cough after a cold is self-limiting and mostly relieves itself.
   In the outpatient department of respiratory medicine, about 80% of patients complained of cough. Among them, patients with cold or cough after a cold are the most common. Generally, cough can be divided into 3 categories according to the duration of the disease: acute cough (<3 weeks), subacute cough (3-8 weeks) and chronic cough (>8 weeks).
   According to statistics, 11% to 25% of people with a history of upper respiratory tract infection will have a cough after a cold. In the cold season, the incidence of cough after a cold is as high as 25% to 50%. Cough after a cold is usually characterized by irritating dry cough or a small amount of white mucus sputum, which is mostly paroxysmal and aggravates at night.
  No need to take anti-inflammatory drugs for
   cough after a cold Cough after a cold is a self-limiting disease that can be relieved on its own. For some patients with obvious cough symptoms, short-term application of antitussives, antihistamines, etc. can be used to relieve discomfort symptoms.
   As a reminder, if cough does not resolve after a period of empirical treatment, other etiologies, such as cough variant asthma, postnasal drip syndrome, eosinophilic bronchitis, and gastroesophageal reflux should be considered. Influenza, etc. When necessary, chest CT, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and other examinations can be performed to avoid missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis.
  Severe cough can be treated with traditional Chinese medicine.
   Cough can be divided into wind-heat cough, wind-cold cough, dry-heat cough and internal injury cough in traditional Chinese medicine. It must be used symptomatically.
   If there is phlegm in the cough, the phlegm is white or thin, or there is foam and the amount is large, people feel afraid of wind and cold, and it is mostly a cold cough. For cold cough, use Chinese patent medicines with the functions of dispersing lung, dispelling cold, resolving phlegm and relieving cough, such as orange red phlegm cough decoction, snake gall tangerine peel oral liquid, etc.
   If the cough is accompanied by symptoms such as thick sputum, poor expectoration, yellowish sputum, sore throat, and dry mouth, it is a febrile cough. Hot cough should use Chinese patent medicines with the functions of clearing the lungs and resolving phlegm, relieving cough and relieving asthma, such as Jizhi Syrup, Shiwei Gentianhua Granules, etc.
   If you have a dry cough without phlegm and your throat is dry, you can choose Chinese patent medicines such as Chuanbei loquat ointment, which have the functions of clearing heat and resolving phlegm, moistening the lungs and relieving cough.
   Phlegm-damp cough is mostly in the frail elderly, which is characterized by heavy and turbid cough, thick and sticky phlegm, grayish white, aggravated after eating sweet and greasy food, accompanied by chest tightness, lack of food, tiredness, loose stools and other symptoms, suitable equipment Proprietary Chinese medicines that have the effect of rationalizing the lungs, strengthening the spleen, and calming cough and expectorating phlegm, such as Erchen Pills. It should be noted that people with phlegm asthma should not take cold food.
   For coughs caused by climate and food allergies, some Chinese patent medicines that strengthen the spleen and kidney, and improve immunity, such as astragalus granules, can be used.