Macron, 44, is the first French president to be re-elected in 20 years

  Recently, the 44-year-old Macron defeated his old rival Marine Le Pen and was re-elected. He also became the first French president to be re-elected in 20 years. European leaders see the result of the French presidential election as “good news for the whole of Europe”. The German finance minister bluntly said that Europe is the “biggest winner” in the French presidential election.
  Recently, the French presidential election came to an end. Like five years ago, the French presidential election final round once again staged the “Macron-Le Pen” showdown. Emmanuel Macron, 44, won re-election with 58.54 percent of the vote, beating old rival and far-right candidate Marine Le Pen. He also became the first French president to be re-elected in 20 years.
   European leaders congratulated Macron on his re-election that day, believing that the election result is “good news for the whole of Europe”. However, problems such as the high abstention rate and the rise of populism in the French general election indicate that Macron’s future road to power is full of challenges.
  Macron , the “biggest winner” in the French presidential election,
   represents the centrist and is a staunch supporter of European integration. Le Pen emphasized nationalism and France first, and once slogan of leaving the euro zone. Earlier, as the second round of voting in the French presidential election approached, the leaders of Spain and Portugal jointly issued a document in the French “Le Monde”, calling on French voters to support Macron and not vote for Le Pen.
   According to Reuters, many European leaders referred to Macron as “Dear Emmanuel.” Macron, together with German Chancellor Scholz and Italian Prime Minister Draghi, are regarded as the “iron triangle” to promote European integration.
   After the French Interior Ministry announced the results of the presidential election in the early morning of April 25, European Council President Charles Michel and the Prime Ministers of Belgium and Luxembourg took the lead in congratulating Macron on his victory. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and leaders of Sweden, Romania, Lithuania, Finland, the Netherlands, Greece and other countries also congratulated Macron on his re-election within about half an hour of the election results.
   Michel tweeted: “Emmanuel is awesome! In turbulent times like these, we need a united Europe, a France fully committed to making the European Union more strategically autonomous.”
   According to the news released by the Elysee Palace, the French presidential palace, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called to congratulate Macron on his re-election as soon as possible. The French side believes that “this is a sign of Franco-German friendship.” Scholz tweeted that he was happy to continue the good cooperation with Macron. German Finance Minister Christian Lindner said bluntly that Europe is the “biggest winner” in the French presidential election.
   British Prime Minister Boris Johnson called France “one of the UK’s closest and most important allies” in a tweet, pledging to work with Macron on issues of importance to both countries and the world.
   Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said Macron’s re-election was “good news for the whole of Europe”.
  
  The “Two Frances” battle The
   French “Express” commentary once pointed out that the 2022 presidential election is a “two France” battle. One is an “open, confident future” France and the other is a “pessimistic, angry and disappointed” France. The former is more represented by the elite, who voted for Macron; the latter is more of the working class and the bottom people, who voted for Le Pen.
   Judging from Macron’s campaign platform announced in March this year, he will maintain the consistency of his first term policy after being re-elected, promote the development of economy, employment, scientific research, energy, national defense, education, etc. internally, and create a more independent and independent externally. France, to enhance French leadership in the EU.
   As the rotating presidency of the EU in the first half of this year, France has been actively promoting many plans such as the construction of European strategic sovereignty and the reform of the Schengen area. Macron’s re-election will bring benefits to the European integration process. In the next five years, Macron will continue his consistent policy to promote the EU to vigorously develop the digital economy, innovate economic solutions for Europe’s decarbonization, and continue to promote continuous progress in the construction of European common defense.
   On the issue of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, Macron has always advocated that the crisis should be resolved through negotiations within the framework of the “Normandy Model”.
  
  Challenges cannot be ignored
   Analysts pointed out that despite their successful re-election, the gap between Macron and Le Pen in the second round of the presidential election has narrowed significantly compared with five years ago, indicating the strong rise of the French far-right that represents populism. Strength will become a major challenge for Macron to govern in the future.
   According to surveys by several French polling agencies, the abstention rate in the second round of the general election was as high as 28%, and the French expressed their dissatisfaction with the status quo by abstaining from voting.
   French political scientist Luc Ferry pointed out that the French had high hopes for Macron, but in the past five years, the French have failed to see “important reforms” in areas such as the retirement system, ecological transformation, and education that Macron promised. . Instead, public spending surged and the government took on huge debts. France’s ailing state is “ripped apart”, disappointment with the government and a desire for change have turned many French to support far-right populism.
   Mu Yangzi, an assistant researcher at the Institute of European Studies at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, said that currently in France, the epidemic and the conflict between Russia and Ukraine have once again plunged the national finance into a vortex of high debt and high deficit, and the trend of political extremism and social fragmentation continues to intensify. People’s livelihood issues such as medical care, environment, immigration, and public security have become the top priorities of the government. Externally, facing the constraints of the United States and the complex international situation, the European strategic autonomy promoted by Macron is also facing greater pressure.
   Analysts pointed to the upcoming National Assembly elections in June as a looming challenge for Macron. Le Pen and the far-left “Indomitable France” candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon trailed Macron in the first round of the presidential election, and how their party performed in the parliamentary elections will be directly Influencing the future composition of Macron’s government. It remains to be seen how the French political situation will develop in the future.