French composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) was born into a family of engineers in Sibour, a small mountain town on the border with Spain in southern France, and his family moved to Paris shortly after his birth. He has been exposed to music since he was a child. He began to learn piano at the age of 7, and entered the Paris Conservatory of Music at the age of 14 (1889). During his studies, he loved to be innovative in music creation and pursued new sound effects. He was deeply influenced by the French Symbolist poet Mallarme and others in terms of spiritual temperament. Through his own efforts, he liberated French music from Wagner’s “rule”. His early creations were strongly influenced by Debussy’s innovative ideas, and his works mostly reflected the ideas and styles of Impressionism. But in the mature period of his creation, especially after the First World War, (he served in the army during the First World War), due to the influence of people such as Chabrier and Satie and the influence of the French Guqin Music, Rimsky-Korsakov’s orchestration, and Liszt’s hobby of piano works, he turned to a more explicit musical language, and his works were more rigorous and austere. He abandoned the ideals of Impressionism and returned to an older and purer French musical tradition, maintaining a very close connection with folk music, especially Spanish folk music, forming the so-called “French Neoclassical School”, with rich The original harmonious vocabulary, the timbre, theme and image of the orchestra, and the bold introduction of jazz music have greatly broadened the expression of French music, making his works present a unique kind of subtle contrast in color. of beauty. Ravel’s works, every note and character have been repeatedly scrutinized, and are known for their precision and aptitude, so people dubbed him “the most accurate Swiss watchmaker”. Although he ranks alongside Debussy as a master of Impressionism, Ravel pursued a more precise effect than Debussy, eschewing the warm light and shadow of Symbolism and embellishing the musical structure with a multitude of decorative effects. He takes “completely advocating simplicity, learn everything about Mozart” as his motto, and adheres to the principle of “profound, but not complicated”, these characteristics are reflected in his small and high-quality works.
  ”Bolero” can be said to be the pinnacle of Ravel’s works, and he is full of confidence in this piece. He once said to a relative and friend: “Look, when this piece of music is released, people in the streets and alleys will rush to dance to the beat of it.” This is true. To this day, this dance is still one of the favorites of the majority of music lovers. Consisting of two short themes of a single tune played repeatedly for 17 minutes, this piece has different instrumental “colors”, and the composer’s masterful orchestral skills embodied in this piece are universally recognized. Ravel once said when commenting on his piece: “It is a dance piece with very modern movements, the melody, harmony and rhythm are completely unified, the rhythm is constantly highlighted by the drums, the only variable factor is It is expressed by the gradual strengthening of the orchestra.”
  In 1932, at the age of 57, Ravel was in an unfortunate accident in a taxi, bruising his chest and concussion on his head. A few years later, his health gradually deteriorated, and in the last year of his life he attended several concerts, and in a performance of his ballet “Daphnice and Chloe” he said desperately: “It’s beautiful, and it’s beautiful after all,” then added, “I haven’t said anything, I haven’t left anything, I haven’t said what I want to say. I still have so much to say.” He These words of Michelangelo can’t help but remind people of Michelangelo’s dying sigh: “I have just found some ways of sculpture, but now I have to stop forever.” In December 1937, Ravel made a careful brain He underwent surgery, but the expected brain tumor was not found, making his condition a mystery. Shortly after the operation, Ravel fell into a coma and died peacefully on December 28 of the same year.

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