Batman: The God of Paradox

  An orphan loses both parents, bringing a patron saint to a sinful city. Has he allowed the people of Gotham to enjoy the shade of God?
  At the end of the movie “The New Batman”, Batman lit the lights and led the citizens to wade out of the messy stadium. The red light of the lighting stick is the only source of light for the picture, illuminating only Batman himself, with only black outlines of the following citizens.
  Director Matt Reeves used this almost “explicit” shot to clarify the theme: Batman is “Gotham’s Moses”, he can help the people of this city out of the quagmire of sin and corruption.
  As an 83-year-old pop culture image, Batman has been shaped by different authors and media, from a detective dressed in costumes to a figure who leads the heroes in the cosmic war. The key to the creation of God lies in Gotham. In order to create a fighter who insists on resisting evil with flesh and blood, the creators have created a city rooted in evil. The darker Gotham gets, the more Batman appears to have god-like willpower.
  The creators insist that Batman is “hope”, but Gotham is always in chaos, making Batman’s divinity full of paradox – Batman himself is a god, but do the people of Gotham really enjoy the shadow of God? ?
cursed city

  Gotham is often described as a “cursed city”, always shrouded in darkness and terror.
  Bats are nocturnal, and Batman is also mainly active at night. This makes Gotham perceived by the audience of the works always integrated with black. The creators have played on this basis to strengthen Gotham’s darkness – even in the daytime when Batman is less frequent, Gotham is always cloudy and rainy.
  Architecture is also an important visual symbol. In the comic “First Year”, Bruce Wayne (the real identity of Batman) who returned to Gotham took a bird’s-eye view from the plane and saw “tidy concrete buildings with white snow on the roof”, and he felt a sense of depression. When it came to the animation adaptation of the same name, he continued: “From here, it looks like a great achievement. From here, you can’t see the enemy.” The animation’s flexible adaptation of the original lines further emphasizes Gotham’s hidden sins.
  Gotham architecture is uniquely Gothic. From Batman’s base of activities, Wayne Manor, Wayne Building, to public places such as Gotham Cathedral, Gotham Clock Tower, and the Arkham Asylum where perverts gather… They are all integrated into spires, arches, stained windows, beams Gothic elements such as columns. The bat under the roof and the Gothic castle are a classic match, and the classic match comes from the classic horror legend Vampire-Batman uses the image of bat to implant fear in the hearts of criminals, and the creator uses the derivative art image of bat to reveal the horror of Gotham.
  Brightly colored neon light and shadow, rendering the chaos of Gotham. On the outer wall or roof of the ACE chemical plant, there are usually huge light signs flashing green or yellow. This is the birthplace of the Batman story and even the top villain of the American comics, “The Joker”. “Prince of Crime” only pursues pure disorder, and the high-saturation neon sign of the chemical factory is in sharp contrast to the dark night of Gotham, becoming the endorsement of its distorted concept. Another important villain “Penguin” uses the Iceberg Lounge as his old nest. The neon sign of the lounge is often white and blue, and the icy tones reflect the cruelty of the host.

Batman and Sin City Gotham (Comic)

  Dark Gotham is the combined labor of multiple generations of creators. In addition to the visual design, there are plenty of classic stories about Gotham’s history to shape its temperament. The plague in the comics “Infectious Diseases”, the great earthquake in the comics “Great Disaster” and “Borderlands”, the city-wide poisonous gas in the game “Arkham Knight”… Disasters, tragedy and crime are the same as Gotham. part of life.

  Batman uses the bat image to implant fear in the hearts of criminals, and the creator uses the bat derivative art image to reveal the horror of Gotham.
persisted hope

  Gotham, which is rotten to the roots, has hope because of Batman.
  Audiences are often struck by two of Batman’s characteristics. First, he accomplished extraordinary achievements in the mortal flesh. Compared with other popular superheroes, he does not have any artifacts or superhuman characteristics, but he has been protecting Gotham for decades, protecting the earth and the universe more times; he can convince many superheroes with his strategies, and he can be singled out with courage. A new god-level Darkseid.
  Another feature is Batman’s amazing will. He grew up with the pain of losing his parents. After becoming Batman, the betrayal of his allies, the tragic death of his adopted son, the distrust of the citizens, the pressure to hide his identity, and the ubiquitous dark forces of Gotham have not made him give up justice.

Robert Pattinson’s ‘The New Batman’ Reviews Polarize

  Adhering to justice is not only reflected in Batman’s long-term travel, but also in the “no-kill principle”.
  After Batman takes down criminals, he always turns them over to official law enforcement. In the comic “Anaqi”, Bruce Wayne draws a line from the more brutal anarchist organization “Anaqi”: “The truth is that no one should be a judge, a juror, and an executioner at the same time. Bruce Wayne admits that Batman is also essentially breaking the law, but he “uses violence when necessary, not violence as punishment.”

  Batman is also essentially breaking the law, but he “uses violence when necessary, not as punishment”.

  The two features present an interesting interplay. The first point emphasizes the mortal side of Batman and enhances the audience’s sense of substitution; the second point in turn emphasizes the extraordinary side of Batman, and makes the audience realize that his transcendental realm is unparalleled.
  Creators have painstakingly crafted counter-examples to illustrate that only Batman is the saint who can “resist corruption.”
  In the comic “The Long Halloween”, prosecutor Harvey Dent has been reduced from a fighter who wrestled with gangsters to a mad villain. Later, he became a villain of “violence and violence”; in the game “Batman: Story Edition”, players can choose to befriend a prisoner named “Anonymous”, guide him to join the ranks of vigilantes, or let him develop into a more familiar clown , but whether or not Batman and he became friends, Anonymous would become a murderer because of the ruthless brutality of bureaucrats like Armand Waller.

  The creators even use other superheroes to set off Batman’s firmness, and this kind of “pulling” is often related to the temperament of Gotham itself.
  In the comic “The Flash”, Wally West’s version of The Flash recalls that when he was “The Flash”, he was scared after the only patrol of Gotham because “Gotham is too scary”.
  In the comic “Borderlands”, Gotham lost government management after the earthquake, and the major criminal forces were separated. Superman tries to help Batman set things right, inspiring an engineer to work together to restart a power plant. However, the engineer soon claimed to be the savior of the power plant, demanding that other workers and the public obey his instructions. Only then did Superman realize that his Boy Scout-style enthusiasm was useless in Gotham, and only Batman’s “forbidden violence” could protect Gotham.
  ”Forbidden Violence” is actually a tool for the creators to shape Batman as an “ideal” image of justice. The “justice” here does not justify all of Batman’s actions, but that it balances the audience’s need for Batman to “take a breath” (Batman keeps saying “no violence to punish”, and in fact often breaks criminals into broken bones, And audiences love this kind of “bad for evil” justice), and the principle that Batman himself can’t be the representative of evil.
  Batman’s hope of becoming Gotham is essentially the hope of Batman’s second character becoming Gotham. An unshakable will means that Batman will always protect Gotham, while not turning into Gotham’s enemy because of his personal depravity. His presence is like the bat lamp on the roof of the Gotham City Police Department, a source of light that shines through Gotham’s haze.
The controversial no-kill principle

  The image of Batman is idealized. However, the people of Gotham did not live a good life because of the inevitable existence of “hope”. Is this “ideal justice” really worthwhile?
  The most common questioning of “ideal justice” is a side effect of the no-kill principle. Batman knows that the official violence agency can’t keep super criminals such as the Joker, Penguin, Scarecrow and so on forever. He handed them over to the police again and again, and criminals escaped Arkham Asylum or Blackgate prison time and time again, continuing to make waves in Gotham and victimize large numbers of innocent citizens.
  This kind of questioning is often dismissed by creators, because “ideal justice” itself belongs to the mainstream proposition. In a collection of academic essays, “Batman and Philosophy,” Tony Spanakos, then an associate professor of political science at Montclair State University, wrote “Governing Gotham”, pointing out that Batman left the government to violent agencies to deal with prisoners. Following Thomas Hobbes’s modern liberal proposition – the state must ensure order by force. In addition, it is in line with Max Weber’s concept of public administration that the state has the sole legitimacy to use violence to manage order.
  The Nietzschean tendency is to “eliminate evil” by eliminating criminals. According to this tendency, Batman cannot prevent tragedies from being made by the same people again and again, and his “ideal justice” value has been disillusioned; to find new value, he must become a Nietzschean “superman”: the situation of indifference and sympathy for the weak , has its own definition of morality, is not bound by the morality of society, and becomes a stronger existence in the process of constantly denying itself.
  But Batman sticks to the principle of not killing, which means that he does not have the “Superman” ability to deny breakthrough. In fact, the creators were never on Nietzsche’s side. The no-kill principle has not been around since Batman’s work, nor is it unique to Batman. The point is that when comic publishers set this principle in place, creators are good at using it to enhance the tension of the story.

Batman’s nemesis, from right to left: Harley Quinn, Joker, Catwoman, Penguin, Two-Face, Scarecrow

  Time and time again he handed them over to the police, and time and time again criminals escaped Arkham Asylum or Blackgate Prison.

The side effect of Batman’s principle of no killing has indirectly caused a large number of innocent citizens to suffer

  In the comic “Deadly Joke”, the Joker maims Batman’s assistant, Batgirl, and forces Batgirl’s father, Commissioner Gordon, to watch the scene of the torture of Batgirl. This huge blow is likely to make Batman and Gordon lose their minds, and how they choose is the point of the story.
  Creators are always more willing to defend principles, whether for commercial purposes or out of secondment to mainstream ideas. They envisioned a series of scenarios where the heroes broke principles, which they then claimed would be the source of a larger tragedy. The most typical example is “Injustice” created by the combination of games and comics. After Superman killed the Joker because of the death of his lover Louise, he gradually turned into a great dictator.
The neglected “original sin”

  A question that is viewed by foreign Batman fans as an “everyday pointless question for non-comic readers” – why does Bruce Wayne rather serve as a vigilante than use his wealth to save Gotham?
  According to the explanation of foreign Batman fans, Bruce established a charitable foundation, donated to build hospitals and other facilities, and contributed a lot to the improvement of Gotham. But many Chinese fans will be more keen to capture: Bruce’s wealth is likely to be based on the exploitation of the people of Gotham.
  So the key to this question is not how Bruce spends his wealth, but the justice of the source of his wealth. Under the Marxist system, there are two points of doubt: First, the Wayne family has been prominent for many generations, behind which there is the possibility of bloody primitive accumulation. The second question is more powerful: Wayne Enterprises controls a large number of industries related to the lifeline of the city. With Bruce’s intelligence, perseverance and courage, he can help more citizens get rid of poverty in the post of enterprise manager.
  In short, the skeptics believe that either Bruce has not fulfilled his vow to save Gotham more effectively, or it is a more serious accusation: Bruce is just using the tragedy of Gotham, the blood and tears of the people of Gotham, to satisfy his own distorted, paranoid pseudo-justice.
  ”Batman and Philosophy” involves jurisprudence, ethics, existentialism and even Taoism, but the full text does not mention Marx. The “original sin” of the Wayne family in terms of capital accumulation may not have been considered by the creators. The creators even suspected that Gotham’s poor people could not have a Bruce Wayne-style “consciousness” due to class limitations.
  In “The Deadly Joke”, the Joker was originally a down-to-earth comedian; in the movie “Joker”, the Joker was a child with a strange illness who grew up in a single-parent family; in “The New Batman”, he was also aware of Gotham’s darkness, But the way the Riddler who grew up in the orphanage changed the status quo was to harm the people of Gotham in all directions; the most intriguing thing is that in the comic “Red Son”, there is also a child who has lost both parents and disguised himself as a bat when he grows up, but he is a worker. He eventually became a terrorist leader.
  The paradox of the “no-kill principle” is obvious, but the paradoxical nature of Batman’s wealth is not easy to see. The latter “harms” the people of Gotham even more, because the hero turns out to be the “culprit” in the final analysis. However, solving this paradox would directly destroy the Batman canon. For superhero stories created for the American market, the primary task is to create a kind of “American adult fairy tale”.
  Batman is the epitome of euphoria: an orphan loses his parents, bringing a patron saint to a sinful city. The output of literary and artistic works must be so encouraging, so that people can have more courage to deal with real difficulties. Those paradoxes that arise from this will eventually give way to happiness.

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