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Sholokhov two or three things  

  The great Russian writer Sholokhov won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1965 for his depiction of the Don River epic works, with the strength and integrity of the artist, showing the historical aspects of the life of the Russian people. He is the only Russian writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature as a Russian citizen (the other four Russian writers who have received this honor are expatriates).
  Before that, Sholokhov was just an obscure novelist. The first two volumes of Silent Don were published in 1928-1929. Sholokhov, a 24-year-old young author, has drawn attention. A few years later, he became famous in the world literary circle, and then published the third and fourth volumes of novels.
  
  Sholokhov and Stalin’s
  
  ”Silent Don” tells the history of the civil war. The novel was initially banned from publication because of its sympathy for the rebellion. It was Stalin who decided the fate of writers and novels. The great writer Gorky created the conditions for Sholokhov’s meeting with the leader.
  Stalin’s meeting with Sholokhov was at Gorky’s villa. When the writer came to the villa for the first time, the important guests hadn’t arrived, so he went fishing by the river. Due to his concentration, he didn’t notice that the time passed slowly. Stalin was very unhappy to see Sholokhov who was late, so the atmosphere of the conversation between them was relatively tense.
  ”Why did you write about the White Bandit Rebellion? Did you have the Kornilov Counter-Revolutionary Rebellion there?” Stalin asked first. It appears that the leader had read the novel in its entirety before the meeting. Sholokhov replied: “In fact, there are many white bandits, and Kornilov is always in front. He came from a poor family, and he mingled with his subordinates, sitting side by side at a table to eat. When he was taken from the Austrian prison camp When he ran out of middle school, he carried a wounded man for a few kilometers.” Stalin was not satisfied with his answer, and taught him: “Soviet writers should choose what to write and what not to write.” Although they had disputes, but In the end Stalin agreed to publish the novel.
  In 1938, Sholokhov was persecuted by the Rostov State Political Security Bureau and was detained as the head of a local counter-revolutionary organization. Thanks to a KGB member who notified him in time and messed up his tracks, he was able to escape and escape to Moscow. After that, he immediately called Stalin’s secretary, who said, “Don’t worry, just wait for an answer.” Xiao Zheng received a call from the Kremlin while he was drinking alcohol from a friend. Stalin seemed to feel something: “I heard that Comrade Sholokhov drank too much?” The writer replied: “How can you have such troubles in your life, of course you will not be drunk.” So he told the leader in detail everything that happened. Immediately after the call, Stalin convened a Politburo meeting and summoned all the leaders of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. After some time, the country began to undergo major personnel changes.
  In the 1940s, A. Tolstoy and Fadeev spoke out against the Stalin Prize for Literature in The Quiet River Don. They emphasized that the ending of the novel should be revised, and the protagonist should be changed to be inspired by the revolution. Joined the Bolsheviks, not ordinary people. Sholokhov withstood all pressures and insisted on his cognition of life. Just as the award committee was undecided, Stalin’s words decided the fate of the novel and the writer himself, “As a reader, I like this novel very much, writers, decide!” So the members of the Stalin Prize Committee voted in favor.
  Sholokhov was one of the greatest Soviet writers, his works were widely circulated, and world celebrities were often looking for an opportunity to meet him. But then, for no apparent reason, suddenly the famous novel “The Quiet River of the Don” ceased to be published. Rumors arose that Stalin had imposed a ban. In the twelfth volume of “Stalin’s Complete Works”, it is written that Sholokhov made mistakes in the novel “Quiet the Don”, and the mistakes are not detailed. Sholokhov wrote to Stalin asking for clarification. After several attempts to see him, Stalin refused on the grounds that he was busy with work. The book was not republished until after Stalin’s death.
  
  Controversy over Sholokhov’s masterpiece
  
  Sholokhov began to conceive the long-length masterpiece “Silent River Don” in 1926. After 14 years, the four volumes of the novel were published in 1928, 1929, 1933 and 1940. From the outset, the novel was a huge success, being reprinted over a hundred times and translated into more than 60 languages. The unprecedented sales of this novel show that readers respect and love him. But it was this novel that made Sholokhov attacked from many quarters. The first controversy arose after the first volume of the novel was published. The focus is on whether the novel was written by Sholokhov. The reason for people’s suspicion is how can a 22-year-old young man have such a profound experience and knowledge, not a Cossack, how to understand the Cossack life. In 1929, an expert committee was also established for this purpose. After the expert committee led by Lenin’s sister Ulyanova, it was identified as Shaw’s work; From the diary of the Cossack white bandit officer, the writer stole the pillars and compiled this book on the basis of the stolen manuscript.
  On November 25, 2000, the TASS news agency reported that “Quiet the Don” was discovered at the relative’s house of the writer’s friend Gudasev.
  Sholokhov has an indissoluble bond with the Gudasev family. By the end of the novel Sholokhov is working in Moscow, where he is a frequent visitor to the house of good friend Vasily Gudasev. He met Gudasev while studying at Moscow University. Goodassef came from a wealthy family and lived in a wealthy area of ​​court alleys. He was a nonpartisan. The writer returned home to Veschensk without finishing college. Every time he came to Moscow, he went to Gudasev’s house. He was the only guest who could stay at a friend’s house, and he also left his two-volume manuscripts of “The Quiet River Don” at his friend’s house.
  After Gudassef’s death, his wife also left. For a while his daughter was in charge. With his daughter’s death, the control of the relic passed to Gudasef’s distant relatives. It has been suggested that they sell the manuscript, which is said to be auctioned off for a large sum of money. Later, they took counsel and decided not to let the manuscript go abroad. Putin, then prime minister, ordered manuscripts that belonged to the state at any cost. In this way, the 885-page manuscript was transferred to the experts, and it was finally confirmed that the author of “The Quiet Don” was Sholokhov. The appearance of the original manuscript of the book has cleared the injustice of the great writer who has passed away for 15 years.
  
  Sholokhov’s family life
  
  Sholokhov’s daughter recalled: The father and mother were in love with each other, and the relationship was very deep, and they were always inseparable during the rest time. My father likes to hunt and fish and always go with my mother. Mom is three years older than Dad. When I got married, my mother asked my father’s age, and my father replied: “We are the same age.” After having a child, relatives always get together, and my mother knows this white lie.
  Father’s daily life is very simple. In 1950, the state funded each academician to build a villa on the outskirts of Moscow, but he insisted on building a house in his hometown. He was unwilling to leave Veschensk. He liked the land of his hometown, which gave him endless creative inspiration. Father never accepts expensive gifts. My father won the Stalin Prize in the front line in 1941, and the Lenin Prize when he was studying at Moscow University in 1960. Later, he led his family abroad to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. He left the trophy at home and told us about Europe, Japan. Our family often goes abroad, but our social circle is very limited. In foreign countries, we can only live in embassies, and my father can’t arbitrarily want to see who he wants to see.
  Dad was very strong when he was seriously ill. When my father was flying from Moscow to Kuibyshev, he had an aviation accident. He suffered a stroke due to a violent shock, followed by severe diabetes and later throat cancer, which made him unable to operate. He endured enormous pain, never complained, and fought tenaciously against the disease. I accompanied him in the Moscow hospital. The doctor advised him to take painkillers. In order to talk to his friends more, he insisted that he didn’t need it. He insisted on being discharged from the hospital and begged to be sent back to his hometown. He knew he didn’t have much time left and was worried about burying him in Moscow. His father passed away in 1984.
  Surprised by the Nobel Prize-winning writer. Sholokhov’s ideal – to become a writer like Leo Tolstoy. He imitated Tolstoy and left his signature in the margin of the manuscript of “The Quiet River of the Don”. He didn’t do it in vain. He was a huge success. The Stalin Prize for Literature and the Nobel Prize for Literature, both. Among the many Russian literary masters of the 20th century, this is the only one.

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