British Railway Museum

  Britain was the first to invent the train. As early as the early 19th century, Stephenson invented a steam locomotive named “Travel”. On September 27, 1825, Stephenson personally stood on this locomotive and operated it, pulling a 48-ton carriage at a speed of 15 miles per hour. The speed ran on the Stockton-Darlington railway line, surpassing all competitors and causing a sensation in the British Isles. Therefore, Britain is known as the “hometown of railways”.
  In 1925, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the invention of the train, a grand railway exposition was held in York City in the middle of the British island of Great Britain, and a railway museum was subsequently established on this basis. The United Kingdom attaches great importance to railway science and technology education. Railway museums are almost all over the UK. In addition to railway museums in London, Edinburgh, York and other big cities, even some small towns have large-scale railway exhibition halls, which are listed as important tourist spots in the local area. . Among the many railway museums, the most influential is the National Railway Museum in York, England, which is currently the most famous railway museum in the world.
  At the entrance of the York Railway Museum stands a statue of George Stephenson, the “father of steam locomotives”. The most striking exhibits are Watt’s invention of the two-stroke steam engine and Stephenson’s earliest invention of the “Wagon” steam locomotive. Here, you can see all kinds of ancient locomotives in the early days, from the early “Rocket” model, which was not much faster than a horse, to the “Ducker”, the holder of the highest speed of steam locomotives in the world (210 kilometers per hour). The latest “advanced passenger train” with a speed of 250 kilometers per hour. In particular, the special vehicles of the British royal family are displayed here. They have both modern equipment and antique features. They are comfortable and luxurious, so the British call it a “palace on wheels”.
  The museum also exhibits various railway cultural relics, such as clocks, ticket machines, train timetables, station nameplates, railway personnel’s clothing, locomotive emblems, etc. Railway Station: The wax model of railway workers, dressed in traditional red uniforms and carrying old-fashioned wind lanterns, is receiving and dispatching trains, which is really vivid and lifelike. The most interesting thing is that there is also a steam locomotive from China on display here. It was made in Britain and was shipped to China in the 1930s. It was used on the Guangdong-Hankou Railway and the Shanghai-Nanjing Railway. When the Minister of Railways of China visited the UK, Give it to the museum and return to its homeland after nearly half a century of “hard work”.
  In addition to the exhibition hall, the museum also has a library with thousands of volumes, an 80-seat lecture room, an educational service office and an office responsible for external communications. And in order to cooperate with the publicity, published some information and brochures with pictures and texts. The museum also has an audio-visual hall, which enables the audience to vividly understand the history and future of railway development through the projection of slides and explanations. After the museum was renovated in the mid-1950s, a “children’s study carriage” was opened. This type of vehicle is a long-term model used by the British Central Railway in the 1870s and 1890s. These carriages are beautiful in shape, and the middle of the car is painted with dark red paint, which is bright and eye-catching. The railway cultural relics and historical materials displayed in the carriages are very suitable for children to learn and comprehend.

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