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Johnson punchline

  Johnson was born in England in 1709 to a poor family of booksellers in a small town. He has low vision and is blind in one eye, but he is talented and intelligent and determined to learn. At the age of 19, he was admitted to Oxford University. He read a lot of books and was well received by teachers and students. Later, because his father’s business went bankrupt, he dropped out of school and returned home. He was lucky in disguise, and read a lot of ancient and modern books in his father’s bookstore in the days when he had nothing to do. Oxford dropped out, without a diploma, and with a spasm of the upper nerve, making him face the hardship of choosing a career. Poor and strong, Johnson was determined to be a writer. For half a century until his death in 1784 at the age of 75, Johnson edited, wrote tragedies, published long poems, wrote novels, compiled dictionaries, and commented on Shakespeare. The Complete Works”, has published many excellent prose works. Among the many honorary titles and rich life experiences, the humorous orator left a lot of witty words, which are undoubtedly the shells in the sea of ​​hardships in his life. Senior Chinese scholars Lin Yutang, Qian Zhongshu, Yang Yi and others also like to quote Johnson’s famous sayings, and now I have picked a few to share with you.
  
  There’s nobody but a fool who doesn’t write for money.
  Boswell had suggested that Johnson write a travelogue of Italy, but Johnson replied: “I don’t think I’d write a book about travel in Italy, but if I could get £200 or £250 for it , I will be very happy.” Such candid remarks stemmed from his consistent belief: “No one but a fool does not write for money.” John was born in a poor family. To make a living, however, he was poor and poor in his early years, relying on his wife’s money and the help of friends and struggling hard, but whether it is translating the French “Abyssinian Travels”, compiling the vast “English-French Dictionary” or a series of writing later. Did not bring Johnson a good income. It wasn’t until Johnson got his pension that he could get rid of his writing errands and do what he wanted to do. Therefore, Johnson never denied that he wrote to make money, but in fact, on the one hand, he worked tirelessly to write manuscripts to earn living expenses, and on the other hand, he wrote prefaces, postscripts, and book reviews for friends for free. , his quotations written as money also need to be viewed from a dialectical perspective.
  
  If a person does not even care about his own diet, it is difficult for him to care about other things.
  Johnson’s friend Boswell wrote in “Johnson’s Biography”: “I don’t know who has such a good appetite as Johnson. At the table, he stared at the plate, engrossed in eating and drinking, and had nothing else to do. Honorable guest, otherwise he will never say much, or even pay attention to other people’s conversations, until his appetite is satisfied. His appetite is so great that when he chews and swallows, his forehead bursts with blue veins and sweat drips out. “This kind of naive image is difficult to match those well-dressed literati. Johnson is also a gourmet. He likes to comment on dishes at the dinner table, and when he encounters a delicious meal, he will grab it. Magnetically unappetizing dinners he would bluntly criticize directly. Once he was so dissatisfied with a famous chef’s French cooking that he even said viciously: “I’m going to throw this villain into a stinky gutter.” And when a friend’s old servant cooked a delicious meal for him, he Complimented with great satisfaction: “Sir, the food at the cooking competition is not as good as the dinner you prepared.”
  
  If you can really see the Great Wall, it is very important for you to train your children to be great people.
  Johnson was very fond of traveling, especially in his later years. In 1762, the British royal family awarded him a pension of 300 pounds a year for his literary achievements, so he no longer had to worry about his livelihood. The couple toured North Wales and Paris, France. He is very longing to travel to some distant countries, and believes that travel can broaden his horizons and cultivate noble sentiments. He showed unusual yearning and enthusiasm for visiting the Great Wall of China, and said to Boswell: “Sir, if you can really see the Great Wall, it is very important for you to train your children to be great people. They will be recognized as having been to China. The children of the people of the Great Wall are proud. I speak the truth, sir.” Those who encouraged people to go to China to see the Great Wall 200 years ago must have been forward-thinking and broad-minded. Johnson’s motto, “It is very important to raise children to be great men,” is similar to the famous saying of Mao Zedong, a great Chinese man more than 100 years later, “You are not a hero until you reach the Great Wall.
  
  ” If you talk about a bug for so long, you must talk about a lion for a year.
  In a conversation, the old gentleman, gentleman Robert, wanted to state a simple anecdote. During a visit to Shrewsbury City, a local official was infested with fleas. But the old pedant went all out in order to make things clear. It took about seven or eight minutes, and he rambled on at length, saying that there was a pile of woolen clothes somewhere. Therefore, fleas live here, and the number of fleas is alarming. And the official also lived nearby, so the fleas moved closer together with great flexibility… Johnson was on pins and needles, and after finally listening to the very annoying nagging of the old gentleman, he immediately said, “It’s unfortunate, sir, you haven’t seen it yet. To the lion. You have talked for so long for a bug, and you must have talked for a year for a lion.” Although this is a joke to the old gentleman, it clearly tells us the importance of speaking concisely.
  
  The author of the dictionary, the coolie who is not injured at work.
  In 1755, Johnson’s independent compilation of the English dictionary which lasted for a year and a half was finally published, which was a milestone event in the history of British culture. In 1747, Johnson announced to the world his English dictionary compilation plan and began to compile it independently. One day, Dr. Adam asked Johnson, who was busy at work: “Sir, this is a great job. How can you do it in just 3 years by collecting so many etymologies?” Johnson replied: “No problem, I can do it in 3 years.” Adam said: “In the French Institute, they had 40 members that took 40 years to complete their lexicography.” Johnson replied: “That’s the case, we can calculate This ratio, 40 times 40, equals 1600. Three years to 1600 years is the ratio of English to French.” This large dictionary is unprecedented in size, citing some 114,000 quotations from English literature dating back 200 years. A number of vivid and interesting quotations exemplify the meaning of words. Such a huge task of writing was done by the author without a computer and only hired six copywriters. Even if he didn’t finish it in 3 years, at a dictionary level, it took him 8 years to not be too long. The determination and hard work required to complete such a voluminous work of writing is incredible. It’s no wonder that Johnson said, “The lexicographer: the writer of the dictionary, the coolie who is not injured on the job.”

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