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Cezanne in Provence

  France, which emphasizes cultural diversity and regards itself as a cultural power, does not dare to take the issue of cultural identity lightly despite its vigorous cultural development. Therefore, the commemorative activities of the “Celebrity Year” will be promoted year after year.
  To commemorate the centenary of the death of Paul Cezanne, the father of modern painting, the French government designated this year as the “Year of Cezanne”. The goal of “The Year of Cezanne” is to pay tribute to Cézanne and to make the public better understand Cézanne’s work and his pivotal role in the history of modern art. The programs are usually dazzling, focusing on the participation of the public and the teaching of the school. In addition to several exhibitions and many special lectures about Cézanne this year, the school’s teaching courses also teach about the composition and color-blocking of Cézanne’s paintings.
  When the Impressionists opposed the academy and flourished, among them, some painters took a different path. They opposed both the rigid ideological rigidity of the academy and the pursuit of the Impressionists, and regarded the fleeting natural phenomena as the pursuit of The goal is to pursue the eternal shape of things, to express the inner life of things and the painter’s own unique feelings. This school of painting is called post-impressionism, which emerged in the 19th century, and the main representative of this school is Cezanne.
  Paul Cézanne was born on January 19, 1839 in Aix, southern France. His father was a banker, and his mother, Anne Elizabeth, was originally a clerk. He married his father in 1844. Cezanne’s father was very strict with him and hoped that he would become a good lawyer in the future, so he studied law for a while, but because this was not his interest, he turned to the Academy of Fine Arts in 1861 . Since he did not pass the exam the first time, he continued to stay in Paris to paint diligently, sometimes not even taking a bath. Once he met Manet, the founder of Impressionism, he refused to shake hands with Manet, he said: “I’m sorry, sir, I haven’t washed my hands for several days.”
  In Paris, he maintained close contact with his teenage classmate, the French writer Zola. He often hangs out with his friends in the literary and art circles, but he is not happy at all. It may be because of his rude personality, not easy-going at all, and also Probably because he came to Paris for nothing. After 6 months, he returned to Aix, and after returning he worked in his father’s bank, but he was not a businessman, so his father had to send him back to Paris to study painting. Cezanne entered the Swiss Academy in 1862, where he painted in the academic style, and met Impressionist painters such as Monet, Renoir, Sisley, etc. Of course, he also became friends with Pissarro. For a period of time, the French romantic painter Delacroix had the deepest influence on Cezanne. Cézanne’s early works show an almost neurotic frenzy, full of repressed wildness and lust. As shown in the 1864 work “Carnival”. In 1869 he met his girlfriend Fique, and two years later, Fique gave birth to Paul, but Cézanne knew nothing about it until shortly before his father’s death, when they were officially married.
  In 1876, his friend Zola wrote Cézanne as a typical example of failure in his own works, which made Cézanne very angry. He thought that Zola didn’t know him at all, let alone appreciate his paintings. This blow made him determined to leave Paris and return to his homeland in the South. After returning to his hometown in 1879, he either went out to sketch all day long, or pondered and observed still lifes, like a hermit. He devotes himself to the study of inner life and the combination of color and shape, in pursuit of eternal and real things. He believes that nature is composed of geometric figures, and he uses cylinders, spheres, and cones to describe them. After 1882, this geometric analysis method gradually took the lead. In his work “Mei Xue” One or two can be seen in The Scenery. After Cezanne in the 1890s, the style of painting became majestic and rough, the most famous of which is “The Female Bather”. His popular works include “Blue Vase”, “Mont St. Victor”, “Fruit Plate” and so on.
  Cezanne’s oil paintings are characterized by serenity and solemnity. He chose mundane subjects, but from these mundane subjects, he created masterpieces with exquisite composition and rich colors. In 1895, Cézanne held a successful solo exhibition; by the 20th century, Cézanne had become famous and was highly respected by young painters. Many people went to his hometown to visit him and ask him for advice, but he was not respected in his hometown. Neighbors thought he was mentally ill. In 1899, Cézanne returned to Aix and purchased a mansion as a studio, and until his later years he often went out to sketch. One day, when he was painting in the suburbs, it suddenly rained heavily, and he contracted pneumonia. From then on, he became ill and passed away on October 22, 1906, at the age of 67. A year later, a large-scale exhibition was held in Paris. The exhibition affirmed his status. Because of his profound influence on the 20th century painting circle, Cézanne was also called “the father of modern painting”.
  The city of Aix, where Cézanne was born and died, used Cézanne and his paintings as a cultural symbol this year, using cultural resources to activate the tourism industry, pushing the places where Cézanne’s footprints went on the tourism stage, and promoting sales to tourists around the world. The city of Aix. The Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur province, where Aix belongs, has also expanded the idea of ​​combining artistic creation with tourism, and has successively launched tourist routes that compare paintings by painters and real scenes in many famous cities in the region.
  The government-led “Cezanne Year” used celebrities to promote French culture, and when it arrived at the local area, it became a city marketing strategy combining culture with tourism. The local government’s attempt to comprehensively plan the “Cezanne Year” is mainly about the combination of culture and tourism to drive the development and progress of the city. Following the trend of leisure tourism and nature tourism, it creates artistic and cultural tourism to attract people from all over the world. tourist.
  The “Commission Cezanne”, which led the whole planning, started all the creative ideas a year and a half ago. In Cezanne’s hometown of Aix, there are the “Cezanne in Provence” exhibition at the Grana Museum, the Cezanne retrospective in Paris and Marseille, and the “Cezanne, in the world of heaven and earth” in Reber’s “Church of Images” cave. Due to the far-reaching influence of Cezanne, a master of modern painting, contemporary art creators from various countries who paid tribute to Cézanne were also invited to Aix to exhibit their works.
  Visiting Cezanne’s hometown in Provence is a tourism plan comprehensively promoted by the local government. To this end, Aix nailed the signs of the “Road to Cezanne” on the pedestrian walks in the city. As long as you follow these brass-colored signs, you can follow the painter’s footsteps and visit his favorite cafe, him and the writer. The boulevard where Zola walked together, the law university he attended, the church where he used to go to worship, or even the cemetery where he rested.
  In addition to following in the footsteps of Cezanne, Aix specially renovated and opened the Cézanne family’s Buffon farm for the first time, while Lofer’s studio, Bibem quarry, Saint-Vidoc Hill and many others had painted in Cézanne The scenes appearing in the tour are specially designed by the Aix Tourist Office, so that tourists can understand the route of Cezanne, his paintings and the style of Provence in his eyes.
  The series of activities of the “Year of Cezanne” also cooperated with the “Summer Lyric Opera Festival”, which was founded by Aix in 1948 and has been very prestigious to this day. The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Semen Ratu performed the Symphony No. 5 by Mahler, a famous composer of the same period as Cezanne. The internationally renowned Preljocaj Ballet, which has been in Aix for 20 years, will also perform the latest dance in the open air on the anniversary of Cezanne’s death.
  The “Year of Cézanne” also extends to Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur where Aix is ​​located, but it uses painters and landscapes as the theme concept, introducing the local from the 19th century naturalism to contemporary through Impressionism, Fauvism to Cubism School of famous painters and their paintings of local landscapes, and promote tourism programs that follow in the footsteps of painters.

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