Essays on Israel

  The “separation wall” that cannot be commented on
  In May 1998, during a visit to China by former Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, he said with emotion to the Great Wall: “Israel also needs such a huge wall to ensure the safety of its people.” At that time, Standing next to him, former Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji replied: “The real security for the Israelis is peace, not a concrete wall.”
  However, Israeli leaders did not heed Zhu’s advice, June 2002 The Israeli cabinet led by May Sharon voted 25 in favor and 1 against, and passed the plan to build the “separation wall”. The only one who voted against was Labour leader Perez. In fact, the first proposal to build a “separation wall” was the Israeli Labour Party. They suggested building a “separation wall” along the demarcation line before the “June 5th War” in 1967, the internationally recognized “Green Line”, to prevent militants from infiltrating Israel and causing bombings. But the proposal was opposed by the far-right, represented by settlers, who advocated enclosing all of Israel’s roughly 150 settlements in the West Bank to the Israeli side, which would be tantamount to annexing almost all Palestinian territory in the West Bank. Later, due to the repeated explosions, Israel was unable to guard against it. Under pressure, the Sharon government finally approved the construction of the “separation wall”.
  Remember when we were invited to visit Israel in November 1998, whether in Tel Aviv or Jerusalem, at park gates, at bus stops, or in supermarket windows, there were signs everywhere reminding you to call an alert when suspicious explosives were found. Poster: From a distance, it looks like the eyes of a beautiful woman. When you get closer, you will find that the black pupil is actually a lemon-shaped bomb! Below is a red telephone and the number of the police. At that time, people walked around far away when they saw the garbage cans on the sidewalk, because several explosions were caused by terrorists putting explosives in the garbage cans. During that visit, we had two bombings, both in Jerusalem. Once at noon, the two deputy directors-general of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted us at a restaurant. The guests and the host had just sat down when two dull explosions nearby shook the glass doors and windows of the restaurant. We looked at each other and, out of politeness, neither expressed surprise. The owner laughed and said, “In Israel, you often hear this kind of sound, just think it’s rock music!” A humorous sentence broke the embarrassment of each other. Another time was at a restaurant near our hotel in the evening. As soon as we entered the door, there were hurried footsteps behind us. We hurriedly dodged to the side, only to see a few security policemen rushing in with submachine guns. It was later told that it was the restaurant that received a warning call that there were explosives in the restaurant. We had to take a taxi to another restaurant for dinner. On the way, we heard from our escort that the warning call was a prank nine times out of ten, but after receiving the report, the police station had to send security police and experts to clear explosives.
  Later, due to the sharp escalation of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, one side often used tanks, planes, artillery, or armed helicopters to “targeted removal”, while the other side responded with homemade rockets, roadside remote-controlled bombs and even “human bombs”. Violence becomes violent, and it becomes more and more intense. In order to prevent the frequent infiltration of “human bombs” from the West Bank into Israel, the Sharon government ordered to step up the construction of the “separation wall”. Although Sharon has repeatedly claimed: “The construction of the separation wall is purely for security purposes and has no political significance.” However, the truth is not so simple. Judging from the first phase of the project started in June 2003, the “separation wall” was not built along the “green line” as claimed by the Israeli government, but generally extended eastward to the Palestinian areas, and in some places the depth reached 6-7 km, and “circles” about 20% of the Palestinian land in the West Bank to the Israeli side. Moreover, during the construction, they arbitrarily cut down the olive trees of the Palestinians, destroyed their houses, poultry farms, livestock fences, or cut off roads and water sources, and even “enclosed” some Palestinian villages directly to the Israeli side, so that no Few Palestinians live in isolated “separation zones” that cannot be connected with the outside world, depriving them of their source of life and their right to subsistence, forcing them to relocate…
  The Palestinians denounce the “separation wall” built by Israel as a “separation wall”. The racist separation wall”, under the pretext of “anti-terrorism”, without the consent of the Palestinian side and without the participation of the international community in the supervision , and ultimately achieve the goal of preventing the establishment of a Palestinian state. Arab League Secretary-General Moussa strongly condemned Israel’s move, believing that it is a replica of the Berlin Wall during the Cold War, which will only have an immeasurable negative impact on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. At the end of 2003, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to refer the “separation wall” issue to the International Court of Justice. The International Court of Justice ruled that Israel’s construction of the “separation wall” violated international law and must immediately stop the construction of the “separation wall” in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem and its surrounding areas, demolish the existing building framework, and be obliged to compensate All damage caused by the construction of the “separation wall” in the occupied Palestinian territory.
  However, Israel ignores various relevant resolutions of the United Nations, and naturally ignores the ruling of the International Court of Justice.
  Another few years passed. International disputes over the right and wrong of the “separation wall” have never stopped. This time, I have the opportunity to visit Israel by invitation, and I naturally hope to see the “separation wall” that is more than 360 kilometers long, which cost nearly 1 billion US dollars to build.
  We originally thought that the “separation wall” was just a prefabricated concrete wall with a height of 8-10 meters in the newspapers. After coming to Israel, we learned that the “separation wall” has different forms depending on the region. In densely populated towns, the “separation wall” is mainly a 8-10 meter high concrete wall, with trenches, power grids and electronic monitoring equipment. In non-residential areas, for example, when we go from the ancient city of Caesania on the Mediterranean Sea to the east through Hadera, on the way to Nazareth, we can see the northern part of the West Bank from the Samania Mountain overlooking Tulkerm. The “separation wall” is a 2-3 meter high power grid, with loose soil strips nearly 20 meters wide on both sides, equipped with electronic monitoring equipment and patrol helicopters. This kind of “separation wall” is lower in cost than the cement-made “separation wall”. Because it is far away from villages and towns, once the footprints of illegal infiltrators are found, they will be followed immediately, and the intruders will also be difficult to escape.
  According to the Israeli experts who talked to us and the tour guide who accompanied us on the tour, the security situation in Israel has been significantly improved since the construction of the “separation wall”, and the “human bomb” attacks by Palestinian militants have been greatly reduced. A dozen times a month dropped to an “acceptable level” of 2-3 times a year. When we visited in 1998, the almost ubiquitous poster warning of suspicious explosives was gone, and people were no longer jittery about roadside dumpsters. The Israeli government also felt a sudden drop in pressure and could breathe a sigh of relief.
  However, the harm caused by the “separation wall” to the Palestinians is an indisputable fact. Take the section of the “separation wall” constructed by the power grid that we have seen as an example. It completely “circles” a road from the Galilee area to Tulkarem in Israel, and the Palestinians can no longer use this road. . The villages located in the agricultural reclamation area around Tulkarem, with large olive groves, orchards and farmland, are one of the most prosperous areas in Palestine’s economy and society. When Israel built the “separation wall”, it was forcibly divided and crossed. The rural infrastructure within 17-20 meters on both sides of the “separation wall”, as well as fruit trees and farmland, will be destroyed, cut down, ploughed, or “circled” into the Israeli side. It has left a large number of Palestinian adults unemployed and children out of school, even with nowhere to seek medical care if they are sick. Many farmlands and orchards were abandoned due to the “isolation” of wells and canals. The serious consequences of the “humanitarian disaster” it has caused are indeed incalculable.
  Even Israeli media, experts and scholars have pointed out that the “separation wall” is obviously a political wall and a new obstacle on the road of reconciliation between the Israeli and Palestinian people. Not so much to fight terrorism, but to fundamentally deprive the Palestinians of their right to statehood; to spend billions of shek building and maintaining the “separation wall” and making peace elusive is not worth the gain…
  December 15, 2006 The 61st session of the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly approved the registration of the damage caused to the Palestinians by Israel’s construction of the “separation wall” on the advice of the outgoing United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

  Faced with the “separation wall”, people can’t help but ask: what does it “separate”?
  stones received the memoir “The Last Kiss” by Mrs. Rabin, Leah Rabin, as a gift from Ms. Nan Yueming, the former Israeli ambassador to China. When the Chinese translation was published, we were in the process of writing a collection of essays, Into the Land of Canaan. We had planned to ask Ambassador Nan Yueming to present it to Leah Rabin after this book was published. Because the book not only includes “The Man Who Was Ordered to Open the Doors of Hell” written in Cairo when Rabin died in 1995, but also includes “Let the Sun”, which I wrote in honor of Rabin after my visit to Israel in 1998. Rising”…
  Unexpectedly, just when the collection of essays was about to go to press, the sad news of the death of Leah Rabin came. We had to write a supplementary article “May the Dead Eternal” with grief. At the end of this article, we write:
  On the back cover of Leah Rabin’s memoir The Last Kiss, there is a color photo: Leah sitting alone on Rabin’s headstone, with her back against the black stele, Like leaning on Rabin’s strong arm. On the stele are small pebbles that come to worship the deceased to bless the deceased for eternity. If one day, we go to Israel again, we must go to Mount Herzl, and put two small stones brought by Beijing gently on their black and white stele…
  The mourners put a small stone on top of the stone. It is a Jewish custom to express the memory and blessings of the deceased on the tomb of the deceased or on the stele. This stems from the law in the Bible: no living things (including flowers) shall be used to pay homage to the dead. In line with the concept of “do as the locals do”, we used Jewish sacrifices and sweeps to express our respect for the deceased.
  Before I was invited to visit Israel this time, I deliberately picked two small pebbles, one of my own and one of black, in the community where we lived in Beijing, carefully packed them in small plastic bags before leaving, and put them in the pockets close to the chest. to Israel, to Mount Herzl.
  Mount Herzl is in the west of Jerusalem, not far from Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Museum. This is the resting place of Theodore Herzl, an advocate and practitioner of Zionism. His monograph “The Jewish State” published in 1896 laid a theoretical foundation for the establishment of the state of Israel, and he was also recognized by the Jews as the father of Israel’s founding and “Moses of the new age”. Unfortunately, like Moses, he led millions of slaves out of Egypt and spent 40 years in the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, and finally led them to the “land of Canaan” that Jehovah promised to their ancestors, but he failed to do so. walk in. Herzl was ill and worked hard to realize the Zionist ideal. When he finally saw the light of day, he was killed by the disease. In his will he requested that he be buried beside his father in Vienna “until the Jewish people send my remains to Palestine”. In 1949, the second year after the founding of the Jewish state-Israel, the Jewish people finally moved his remains from Vienna to Israel according to Herzl’s last wish, and ceremoniously buried them on the highest mountain in Jerusalem. It’s called Mount Herzl.
  After visiting the Holocaust Museum, we came to Mount Herzl to pay homage to the Mausoleum of the Rabins. The car drove along the winding mountain road to the top of the mountain. The roadside was a large cemetery that was neatly arranged. Dr. Keim said that the officers and soldiers who died in the previous Middle East wars were buried here. The car was in a small parking lot, and we walked past the cemeteries of famous Israeli personalities and government officials. From the names engraved on the tombstones lying side by side, we can know the Zionist leader Zeyev Yah. Botinsky, Prime Minister Levi Eichkel during the “June 5th War”, and Mrs. Golda Meir, a veteran Israeli politician and former Prime Minister, are all buried here. Despite their high social status during their lifetimes, their cemeteries are very simple, without the ornate statues and decorations commonly found in European cemeteries. This is probably also due to what the “Bible Genesis” says: “You are clay, and you will return to clay.” And the religious idea that Jews are not allowed to worship idols or bow down to idols.
  Compared with the mausoleums of other dignitaries in Israel, the tombs of the Rabins are much more imposing. It is on the top of a hill on Mount Herzl, and there is a very unique tombstone on the headstone of white basalt, which was designed by their friend, the famous Israeli architect Moshe Safaday: about one meter square, one black and one Two thick white basalts are placed side by side, and the inverted cone hollowed out on the front makes the black and white stele form a capital V. The names of Yitzhak Rabin and his wife are engraved in Hebrew on the black and white steles, and there is a round stone urn lit with an ever-bright torch below. The tombstone is simple, dignified, solemn and solemn. It is said that black represents fortitude and white represents purity, symbolizing the spirit and personality of the Rabin couple.
  When we came to the tomb, I stepped on the stone steps, and respectfully placed the two stones brought from Beijing on the black and white tombstone.
  I stood silently in front of the tomb, looking at the black and white stele, with mixed feelings. On the night of November 4, 1995, Rabin was assassinated by a far-right Jewish youth at a peaceful rally of 100,000 people in Tel Aviv’s central square (later renamed Rabin Square). , so far it has been a full 11 years. In “The Last Kiss”, facing the situation of Israel, Palestine and the Middle East at that time, Leah Rabin said with regret: “The status quo simply makes Yitzhak unable to live in peace in the tomb…” Now a few years In the past, however, it is regrettable that after the Iraq War, whether it is Baghdad, Gaza, the West Bank, the Lebanese-Israeli border or even the entire Middle East, there have been conflicts and chaos! Rabin sacrificed his blood and life for the pursuit. The “ultimate goal” of the Middle East – peace in the Middle East has not been achieved, but has become even more distant. Who will inherit Rabin’s “last wish for peace” and hold up his torch of peace? In recent days of seminars and symposiums, this is also an issue that experts and scholars have racked their brains for and have not been able to answer.
  But I heard that half a month ago, on the night of the 11th anniversary of Rabin’s assassination, 100,000 Israelis still spontaneously gathered in Rabin Square in Tel Aviv, holding candles and silently mourning the great man who held the torch of peace. The fire of peace he ignited is still burning in their hearts.
  Just as we were about to leave the cemetery of the Rabins, a group of young Israeli soldiers suddenly came. They came here to pay tribute to the great man in their hearts before returning to the military camp after their vacation. Looking at them, my heavy heart can not help but relieved. I don’t think Rabin’s torch of peace will ever go out…

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