“Wine, Color, Wealth, Qi” and Russian Culture

  Recently, the author went to Russia to give lectures. As soon as I arrived in Russia, I was deeply amazed by its vast territory and its ups and downs, wandering between Eastern and Western civilizations, and even more surprised by its unique national culture. As the famous Russian philosopher N. Berdyaev said: “Russia can be fascinated or disappointing. It can inspire the most passionate love for it and the most intense hatred for it. “It can be said that no nation in the world is as unique as the Russian nation, and no nation’s culture is as complex as Russia’s.
  During my stay in Russia, through my in-depth understanding, observation and thinking, the author believes that the four aspects of “wine, sex, wealth and gas” are the keys to interpreting Russian culture.
  
  Wine – Casting the Russian National Character When
  
  it comes to wine, the first thing that comes to mind is the national wine of Russia – vodka, which has become synonymous with Russia. Vodka is not only a part of Russian people’s life, but also their spiritual sustenance to a certain extent. It vividly reflects and deeply affects the national character of Russia.
  The history of the development of vodka is also the history of the development of the Russian national character. Vodka was produced 5 centuries ago, earlier than the Russian nation (the Russian nation was formed in the 14th-15th centuries AD). Since then, vodka has found its own living soil. The combination of vodka and the Russian nation produces a unique Russian nation that is different from the rest of the world.
  
  On the one hand, vodka has shaped the character of Russian wine culture. This wine culture is more reflected in the Russian nation’s love for vodka. In Russia, vodka is seen as a god. Russian men do not drink as politely as men of other European nationalities, nor as restrained as oriental men. They see vodka as their “first wife.” In Russia, day and night, you can see groups of Russians swaying down the road and in the parks with vodka bottles in hand. Historically, the Russian government’s 6 times monopoly on vodka did not make it disappear. Not only did people not get rid of the habit of drinking, but they hid at home to make special vodka. This wine culture of the Russians can be said to be an extreme and negative wine culture.
  On the other hand, vodka strengthens the national character of Russia. “A nation’s history is not only written on the battlefield and negotiating table, but also in politics, diet and bedding can better express a nation’s character.” If sake brews the Japanese’s subtlety, wine brews the French’s romance , then vodka brews the boldness and bravery of the Russians. During the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union, in order to improve the morale of the army, the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union stipulated that each soldier can get 100 grams of vodka every day on the front line. As a result, the soldiers fought more bravely. Of course, the unbridled binge drinking of vodka also had a bad effect on the Russian nation. Such as the venting and contradictory nature of the Russian nation.
  It can be said that it is under the influence of vodka that the unique character of the Russian nation is formed. Of course, this uniqueness is not all negative uniqueness, it also includes positive aspects. For example, under the influence of vodka, the enthusiasm, generosity, boldness and other good qualities of the Russian nation are particularly unique among the nations of the world.
  
  Color-creates a unique femininity
  
  In addition to its passionate, generous and unrestrained national character, another characteristic of the Russian nation that cannot be ignored is its unique femininity. As N. Berdyaev said, Germany is the nation of men, Russia (only) is the nation of women.
  First of all, beauty is one of the most beautiful scenery on the vast land of Russia. Most of the Russian girls have ice muscles and jade bones, and their bodies are tall and straight. Compared with Western Europeans with high noses and deep noses, Russian girls have softer facial curves; compared with Mongolians, their faces are more sculpted. In addition, Russian girls not only have beauty, but also have unparalleled elegance. This temperament comes from acquired cultivation. Under the guidance of their parents, Russian girls learn painting, practice gymnastics, dance ballet, or play musical instruments from a very young age. After long-term art education, Russian girls have cultivated good artistic accomplishment and elegant temperament. In addition, beautiful and generous Russian girls are also hard-working and capable. It can be said that “you can go to the hall, and you can go to the kitchen”. Russian girls learn to tidy their rooms from an early age. In elementary school, they learned to mix salads, bake pastries, make beetroot soup, knit sweaters, and design clothes in handcraft classes. By the time she graduates from high school, the Russian beauty is almost ready to be a good wife and mother.
  Secondly, beauties are not only a beautiful landscape in Russia, but their influence on Russian society and culture is also very unique. This influence is reflected in the Russian national cultural spirit, which has a strong femininity, a strong and unique sadness and melancholy. In terms of novels, whether it is “The Quiet Don” and “A Man’s Encounter” by the former Soviet writer Sholokhov, or Tolstoy’s novels, there is a strong melancholy color. In terms of classical music works, the Viennese and French waltzes are all major, gorgeous and cheerful. Such as Strauss’s “Blue Danube”, Waltfeld’s “Schoolgirl Waltz”. The Russian classical waltz has a unique style, often brisk and melancholy, without exception ending in “6”, all in minor keys. Moreover, in addition to Siberian folk songs, Russian folk songs also use minor keys, which has an indescribable sadness. This has to be said to have a lot to do with femininity in Russian national culture.
  
  Wealth—shaping the unique will of
  
  the Russians Peter the Great of Russia once said that God has given Russia a severe cold, but also endowed Russia with inexhaustible and inexhaustible resources. Russia is not only the largest country on earth, but also one of the world’s largest resource-rich countries.
  The Chinese are often proud of their country’s vast land and resources, but in fact, the country with the largest land and natural resources in the world is Russia. According to the report “Russia: The Road to Rejuvenation” published by the Institute of Social and Political Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2004, Russia is the only country in the world that is almost completely self-sufficient in natural resources. Russia’s proven resource reserves account for about 21% of the world’s total, ranking first in the world. In a paper titled “Russia in the Context of the World Economy”, the famous Russian scholar O Cherkovich cited authoritative data and said that the value of proven natural resource reserves in the United States is 10 trillion US dollars, and China’s is 5 trillion US dollars. , and Western Europe at $2.5 trillion. Russia’s proven resource reserves are worth about 30 trillion US dollars, ranking first in the world. Russia is the only country in the world that is completely self-sufficient in resources.
  It is precisely because of the inexhaustible and inexhaustible resources that God has given to shape the unique will of the Russians. On the one hand, because of the vast land and abundant resources, Russians do not need to be diligent and thrifty to create wealth. They can live a good life only by selling resources. Therefore, most Russians have developed a habit of laziness. On the other hand, the harsh living space and the particularly harsh climate have shaped and tempered the Russian nation for a long time, making it possess the qualities that other nations do not have – high-intensity endurance and willpower, especially In the face of adversity, the Russians have a particularly tenacious cohesion and irresistible fighting power, making them one of the most valiant and warlike nations in the world.
  
  Qi – the achievement of a martial nation
  
  Unlike the rational culture in Europe, the biggest feature of Russian culture is irrationality. As the famous Russian poet Chutchev wrote in one of the most famous poems: rationality cannot understand Russia, ordinary rulers cannot measure her, Russia has a very unique physique, and only faith is more suitable for her.
  The biggest characteristic of the Russian nation is irrationality. “Russians do not believe in reason, but rather believe in their own feelings and desires”. As N. Berdyaev said: (Russians) are mostly docile and docile, but they are often irrational, often emotional, and prone to extremes. “Duel” is the product of this character trait. Since the 19th century, quite a number of Russian writers have embarked on the extreme road – duel due to a momentary excitement. Pushkin died in a duel. Lermontov, Herzen, Turgenev, Tolstoy, etc. all participated in the duel or came to the edge of the duel. The radical reform policy of the Yeltsin era is a portrayal of the extremes of the Russians. It can be said that although the characters of other nations in the world also have an irrational side, they are not as prominent as the irrational side of the Russian national character.
  This irrational external manifestation of the Russian nation is an extreme martial character. This martial character shows that the Russians have a strong character, are brave and agile, and are good at fighting. This strong patriotism, nationalism, and martial spirit have always been an important factor in the establishment and expansion of Russia. At the end of the 15th century, the Russian nation was completely liberated from the rule of the Mongols and established a centralized state centered on Moscow. After 4 centuries of foreign expansion, a small country with only more than 200 square kilometers in a corner of Eastern Europe has expanded into the largest country on earth. In modern history, the Russians have also won many world-scale wars. The Russians have successively defeated foreign invaders such as Mongolia, Sweden, and German, and at the same time seized the lands of neighboring countries and nations by force. It can be said that it is the irrationality in Russian culture that supports the development of the Russian nation-state.
  Russian national culture is unique and complex. It is the result of the long-term influence of Russia’s vast land, ups and downs political history and other factors. This unique national culture is clearly reflected from the four aspects of “wine, color, wealth and gas” in Russia.