An hour of mental history

  Kate Chopin is an American realist and feminist writer whose “A Hourly Story” was published in 1894. The novel mainly tells the one-hour journey of the heroine, Mrs. Mallard, from hearing the news of her husband’s death to finally seeing her husband alive. The novel vividly shows the urgency and helplessness of women’s pursuit of self and true self, and then highlights the cruel contradiction and gap between ideal beauty and reality. Since the novel was published, many domestic scholars have made unique analysis of the novel from different angles, and the research results have been quite fruitful. Susan Lancer, an expert in American feminist narrative research, believes that the ideology conveyed by “The Story of an Hour” is the awakening of women’s independence under the oppression of a male-dominated society. The work has attracted widespread attention in China, and readers have different opinions on the theme and ideas reflected in the story, and their comments on the theme of the novel are also different. Therefore, Liu Jiewei and Tang Weisheng conducted a questionnaire survey on the reading of “One Hour Story” by Chinese readers, and found that most Chinese readers believed that the theme of the novel was multi-layered. In order to question the results of the study, Shen Dan reconsidered and analyzed the literary interpretation involved in the interpretation of “The Story of an Hour” in three aspects. There are also scholars who interpret “The Story of an Hour” from a multi-dimensional perspective, starting with the comprehensive relationship between the author, the text and the reader, trying to reveal the profound meaning behind the story. Other scholars have discussed the application of rhetorical devices in the novel, such as the use of contrast, irony, and symbolism in the Song Xue connection case, which further highlights the heroine Mrs. Mallard’s extreme hope and fascination for freedom and her women. Awakening of consciousness.
  From the data retrieval, the appreciation and analysis of “The Story of an Hour” can be attributed to two aspects: theory and practice. On a theoretical level, focusing on the interpretation of the themes of the novel, most scholars tend to analyze with the use of textual and rhetorical methods. Through the use of rhetorical devices (such as irony, symbolism, etc.) to explore the theme of the novel, these analyses cannot intuitively identify the characteristics and psychological changes of the characters in the novel from the text. From a practical point of view, some scholars have tried to analyze the acceptance of novels among domestic readers, the focus of reading and reading preferences through empirical research and data analysis. In view of this, the author starts with Mrs. Mallard’s psychological change process, trying to analyze the interpersonal relationship between Mrs. Mallard and the people around her and the process of Mrs. Mallard’s emotional changes in this hour, so as to deeply analyze the cause of Mallard. The root cause of Madame’s tragic fate, in order to deepen readers’ understanding of the theme of the novel.
  1. Summary of
  the story The plot of the novel is divided into three parts. The first part tells that Mrs. Mallard is heartbroken after learning of her husband’s death. She then isolated herself from the outside world, locked herself in her room, and fell into deep thought after seeing the spring vibes through the window. The second part is from the ninth to the eleventh paragraph, which mainly describes Mrs. Mallard, despite her deep sorrow, but she realizes that she has obtained the freedom deprived by marriage. She felt free physically and mentally. From this moment on, she only wishes to live for herself in the years to come. The third part is from paragraphs 18 to 21. This part describes when Mrs. Mallard was excitedly looking forward to her free future life, but reality blocked all this beauty, and the scene in front of her made her feel Ashes, because she saw her husband returned safely, she suffered a heart attack that led to her tragic eventual death.
  2. Character relationship analysis
  There are four main characters involved in “The Story of an Hour”: Mr. Mallard, Mrs. Mallard, Josephine (Mrs. Mallard’s sister), and Richard (Mr. Mallard’s friend). These related characters in the novel are not introduced in detail by the author one by one, and the character characterization focuses on the description of language, action and demeanor. Although there is no close-up of the basic characteristics of the characters such as appearance and personality in the previous works, the author presents the dialogue and interaction between the core characters related to Mrs. Mallard in front of the reader with great length. From these detailed descriptions The relationship between Mrs. Mallard and her sister, husband, and Richard is clearly presented, giving readers room to understand the storyline and think.
  (1) The relationship between Mrs. Mallard and her sister Josephine
  Josephine is Mrs. Mallard’s sister. In the novel, her sister is a considerate and considerate image. She loves her sister very much, and has been by her side ever since she heard the bad news of Mallard. The news was like a bolt from the blue, so she guarded her sister from beginning to end, for fear that she would not be able to bear the sad news. There are many details in the novel. For example, after learning about Mallard’s death, her sister’s tone of conversation was hesitant. She tried to cover up the news of Mallard’s death with covert words, because she knew that her sister had a heart attack. In a euphemistic way, she wanted to muddle through and cover up the truth, because she didn’t want her sister to know the bad news, and she was afraid that her sister would not be able to bear this heavy blow for a while.
  After hearing the news of Mallard’s death, her sister Josephine was worried that her sister could not think about it or commit suicide. She has been by her sister’s side. After learning about Malad’s unforeseen news, her sister was worried that her sister’s stimulation would cause a heart attack. The tone of her sister’s speech was stammered and intermittent. The use of words such as “hesitating and hesitating” can reflect the sister’s concern about her sister’s health. Situation and pity for his sister. After Mrs. Mallard locked herself in the room, the elder sister was especially worried that her younger sister could not think about it and acted impulsive. Next, the elder sister ordered the younger sister to open the door, but the younger sister did not respond. She was extremely eager to know the psychological state of the younger sister at that time, and she did not want the younger sister to have any mistakes. It can be seen from these actions that the elder sister and the younger sister have a deep relationship, and the elder sister is a kind and considerate character.
  (2) The relationship between Mrs. Mallard and Richard
  Richard received the news of Mallard’s death in the newspaper. On the list of the dead, Mallard’s name ranked first. Because he knew that Mrs. Mallard had a heart attack, he needed to confirm the authenticity of the sad news, so he He cautiously informed Mrs. Mallard after double-checking when he saw the second telegram.
  It can be seen from the “second telegram” “waiting for them” that Richard was careful to inform after confirming the news repeatedly, because he was worried that Mrs. Mallard would not be able to accept the bad news and was afraid of her heart attack. Been waiting under the stairs. As a good friend of Mallard, he came to his friend’s house to offer condolences and help for the first time, and has been by Mrs. Mallard’s side since the incident. From these meticulous actions of Richard, we can see that the relationship between Richard and the Mallards is relatively close and has a deep friendship.
  (3) The relationship between Mrs. Mallard and her husband
  Mallard Mr. Mallard is a key figure in the whole story, but he is rarely described and only appears at the end of the novel. Mrs. Mallard was in agony after learning of the unfortunate news of Mallard. She still loves her husband. But after slowly accepting this fact, the short-lived grief quietly passed away, and Mrs. Mallard began to have a better vision for the future life. It was precisely because of the sudden appearance of her husband that all of Mrs. Mallard’s hopes were instantly disillusioned. It is undeniable that Mrs. Mallard loves her husband very much, but under the shadow of the patriarchal society, she is like a frog in the bottom of a well, living in that small world, never seeing the outside world. She is also eager to release herself in a wider world, to bravely pursue herself and live for herself, instead of blindly obeying this cage-like marriage. She also yearns to no longer be repressed, and she doesn’t want to continue living like this. This turn of events made her feel extremely happy and sad. After a long period of repression and helplessness, she finally revealed a ray of light in the cracks. The next second, this faint ray of light was still obscured by the darkness of reality. Although she tried desperately to break free, she could not escape this long-term bondage. This also reflects the social phenomenon that the status of women is extremely low.

  3. Analysis of Psychological Changes
  The first part mainly describes the psychological changes of Mrs. Mallard after she learned of her husband’s death. This part of the author mainly narrates in the tone of declarative sentences. The subject is “she”, representing Mrs. Mallard. “She won’t let anyone follow her,” said Mrs. Mallard, who was extremely sad at the moment. She went back to her room alone and didn’t want anyone to accompany her. This sentence showed that she was still immersed in the sadness of her husband’s death and couldn’t extricate herself. After closing the door, she entered a brand new world, which blocked two completely different worlds. Outside the door is the cruel real world, and inside the door is the ideal world. When Mrs Mallard learned of her husband’s death, everyone was in the living room, and she was cut off from the outside world with the door closed. Then she began to admire the scenery outside the window. In this small room, she began to yearn for a better life and to enjoy this moment of tranquility, and she could feel the vibrant scene of spring coming out of the window, which completely inspired her deep desire for freedom. She had a lot of thoughts and tried to forget her past life for a while, so she leaned back on the chair, very calm, except for the occasional whimper or two, which made her a little shivering, like a child crying and falling asleep, but in a dream Still choking. This reflects Mrs. Mallard’s mood from sadness to fear.
  The second part presents Mrs. Mallard’s complex inner monologue. The whole emotional transformation process has ups and downs. “She is still very young… The expression on her face shows a kind of depression, even a kind of strength…” This clip mainly describes the facial expression of Mrs. Mallard – the face is depressed, the eyes are gloomy, and she is thoughtful. The heart is complicated and the mood is slightly depressed. The next section shows her inner turmoil, describing her extreme fear and anxiety. However, this unease turned into a sense of pleasure. Her psychology changed quietly, and she began to turn from the previous fear to a state of relative relief, followed by her inner yearning for freedom. So the fear disappears with it. The whole person is in an unprecedented state of relaxation, and her infinite yearning for freedom has reached a climax. She began to wake up and began to follow her inner voice. The long years changed from a state of suffering to relief. In the following years, she was no longer oppressed and bound by marriage, and only wanted to live for herself. Even though she had loved her husband, she was already dominated by her impulsive will, like a free bird. This also implies that women’s consciousness of freedom has been stifled by the oppression of patriarchal ideology. Then Mrs. Mallard felt completely free. Due to this awakening of consciousness, she is completely different from the surrounding environment, and the once beautiful love has become a cage that destroys her will and self. She didn’t want this wonderful mood to be disturbed by the people around her, so here Mrs. Mallard asked her sister to go out. The last sentence “she was acting like a goddess of victory without any awareness of herself”, and the time alone in the room made a huge difference in her mood, from sadness to melancholy when she first entered the door, to relaxation and even joy, to the end Already like the goddess of victory. This goddess of victory is also the awakening of Madam Mallard’s spiritual will. Because she felt the power of freedom, her spiritual level has surpassed the constraints of reality, and this victory is a spiritual “victory”. In this chapter, Mrs. Mallard transforms from a complicated mood of inner struggle to a lighthearted joy.
  The third part is the end of the novel. Mrs. Mallard, whose psychology had improved, was finally willing to accept the reality and walked out of the room at her sister’s begging. This is the turning point of the novel. Mallard pushed the door and entered. Seeing this scene, Josephine and Richard panicked and moved quickly to try to block the scene in front of them. It turned out that Mr. Mallard was not dead, he was far away from the scene at the time of the incident, and he didn’t even know that a car accident had occurred, causing him to be confused and surprised by the actions of Josephine and Richard. But it didn’t help, Mrs. Mallard saw this scene, she was excited, panic and even despair. Her mood changed drastically at this moment, and she couldn’t bear the dramatic situation in this hour. The fact that her husband did not die also meant that the dream of freedom she once longed for was shattered. The extreme contrast between the front and the back made her stunned. In the end, the shattering of the ideal of freedom made her desperate, which led to the final tragic ending. The doctor said that she died. Died of a heart attack and died of extreme joy. But what really caused the tragedy of Mrs Mallard’s death was the ruthless destruction of the beautiful vision of liberty. In the last section, Mrs. Mallard’s psychology changed from excitement to panic to despair. This excessive excitement stimulated a heart attack that led to death.
  From the analysis of the relationship between Mrs. Mallard, the protagonist of the novel and her related characters, as well as the interpretation of Mrs. Mallard’s complex psychological changes in this hour, this article helps readers to deeply understand the reasons for these emotional changes in different situations. Deepen your understanding of the theme of the novel.
  The analysis of the relationship between the characters in this paper shows that Mrs. Mallard has a good relationship with Richard, has a deep relationship with her sister, and has a good relationship with her husband, but she has a distance from her heart. In a patriarchal society, she is very resistant and has been suppressed. Although the description of Mallard in the novel is only a few sentences, it runs through the main line of the whole novel, which is also the key to causing Mrs. Mallard’s series of psychological changes, and it is also the last “straw” that crushes Mrs. Mallard. Throughout the novel, Mrs. Mallard changes from sadness to fear, from struggle to lightness, and finally from excitement to panic and despair. The changes in each part of her mood contain different meanings. The tragic ending of the novel—Mrs. Mallard’s death shows the author’s dedication to life and his dissatisfaction with the social inequality between men and women and the low status of women in that era.

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