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Why are 19th century Western classics so long?

  Why are Western classics, especially the 19th century classics, so long?
   First of all, I have to say that writing novels in the 19th century was not a profitable business. At that time, the publishing industry was far from the scale it is today, and readers were limited to the upper class. It’s really hard to make money off of novels.
   Benjamin Constant, for example, is known today as a great liberal theorist, as a statesman around 1815, and as a wit and socialite at the end of the eighteenth century. He wrote a novel called “Adolph” (1806), which was sold to the bookstore owner, who gave him ten thousand francs, but not in one lump sum, but five thousand gold coins and five thousand promissory notes, Three thousand copies were printed and then sold out after 1830.
   In the 19th century, you wrote a novel with all your heart and soul, and there are many people who have written a book in their lifetime, and then you take it to a bookstore and sell it to the owner who has publishing rights, and he will not give you much money unless you have long term partnership. Your book is easy to sell, and the sales volume is high enough. At the same time, you can continue to supply and write new books. Only then can your income steadily increase, but how high is the high energy?
   When Hugo was in exile in Belgium, in order to leave enough property for his family – he decided to write “Les Miserables”. He asked for two million francs or one million francs, which is not a lot of money. Even if it was two million francs, according to the interest rate at that time, it was nothing more than an annuity of one hundred thousand francs. . In Hugo’s youth, he became an instant hit with a poem in memory of the Duke of Berry, and became the era of the literary bully supported by Chateaubriand – how much money can he make by writing a novel? “Notre Dame de Paris” can be used as a specimen. Hugo was chatting in a familiar publishing store one day and said, “I wrote a novel: In the Middle Ages, there were cathedrals, college students, beauties, weirdos, and corrupt nobles. How much do you think it was worth?” The bookstore owner immediately gave He paid him 5,000 francs in cash, and also opened a promissory note of 10,000 francs, and then said that after he got the book, he would give it to the other half – that is to say, “Notre Dame de Paris” was worth about 30,000 francs, and 30,000 francs were in What is the concept of the Restoration Dynasty? A fashionable bachelor needs about twenty thousand francs a year to cover all kinds of expenses, but what Hugo gets is a promissory note—with a discount on withdrawals, Hugo is still a married man, so if he has no money, he can only write to make a family. To live a decent life, he needs to write two copies of Notre Dame de Paris a year, and that’s when he’s already a hit.
   What really turned novels into money-making business was the rise of newspapers. Previously, serialized novels were published in publications, such as “Modern Man” by the overlord of Russian literature, where short stories, excerpts and reviews were published, but the circulation of such publications was It is not big, considering the time travel and public display, the reading volume is ten times the circulation volume, and there are not many readers.
   However, after the mid-19th century, newspapers flourished, especially with advertising revenue. The price of newspapers continued to decline, and the cost of serialized novels rose. Especially for famous people like Alexandre Dumas, newspapers paid money by line, so they wrote some very Short sentences also count as one line, especially when dialogue is best used to make up the line:
   “Really?”
   “Really.”
   “Are you sure?”
   “Sure!”
   “Such a shameless fraud?”
   “Yes. .”

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