Ancient egypt goddess Isis

  As one of the four ancient civilizations, ancient Egypt has always fascinated us with its long and mysterious history, and the myths and stories generated on this rich soil are even more fascinating.
  The Egyptians’ devout belief in and worship of their gods influenced every aspect of their behavior. From another perspective, the joys and sorrows performed by the gods reflected the real social picture at that time. Those gods, such as Osiris, Hongsu, Artus, Ra, Isis, Hathor, etc., play different roles in the beautiful myths, and among them, as the nine gods and even the whole The most important goddess in the ancient Egyptian mythology system, Isis, has attracted much attention.
  Wife and Mother
  In ancient Egyptian mythology, Isis first appeared in the image of a faithful wife. She tried her best to assist her husband Osiris in running the country, but Osiris’ younger brother Seth wanted to kill his brother out of jealousy. He used the trick of the golden cabinet to trick his brother into lying in, and then sent someone to lock the cabinet to seal Osiris inside, and threw it into the Nile River, and became king himself. Isis was heartbroken when he heard the news of her husband’s death, so he searched along the river, and finally found the golden cabinet at the mouth of the Nile River and carried it back to Egypt. During the journey, Isis turned into a kite, flapped her wings and hovered over Osiris, so she conceived and gave birth to a son Horus with an eagle head, and she asked the gods to resurrect her husband. However, when Seth learned about it, he used the poison again, chopped Osiris into 14 pieces, scattered them all over Egypt, and quickly rotted them. However, Isis did not retreat and embarked on a difficult journey to find her husband’s body. However, at this time, the gods said that Osiris could no longer return to the world, and could only arrange for him to be Hades. Therefore, Isis could only raise his son alone, and when Horus grew up, he helped him defeat Seth, killed his father and inherited the throne.
  From this myth, we read of Isis as the image of a good wife and mother. Egyptians have always regarded her as the embodiment of bravery, loyalty, kindness, and love, and worshipped her. Isis’s perseverance and refusal to bow to evil forces in the process of finding his husband has always been highly respected by the ancient Egyptians. And the selfless maternal love she showed in raising her son independently has become a model of loving motherhood, and the Egyptians also linked it to fertility. This is shown in her protection of pregnancy and childbirth as well as the baby. “The milk of Isis” has always been regarded as an indispensable ingredient in the resurrection of the dead, so there are often statues of Isis nursing Horus, and this image is often equated with the Virgin Mary and the Son of Jesus. It can be said that almost all the virtues in the eyes of the Egyptians are gathered in her, and thus she has become a god that the ancient Egyptians have always worshiped and deified constantly.
  Symbols of “Royal Power”
  In many African tribes, even today, the mother of the king is often seen as “the monarch of the head”. The importance of kingship to an ancient centralized state like Egypt is self-evident. Among the numerous Egyptian gods, each god has its own unique image characteristics, and the headgear of Isis is the image of the word “kingdom” in Egyptian hieroglyphics. From this, it is not difficult to conclude that the woman who uses this symbol as a headgear must have some inevitable connection with the kingship. And we know that it was Isis’s unremitting efforts to bring back the lost throne of his husband Osiris to his son Horus. Therefore, Isis in the eyes of the Egyptians has become an anthropomorphic kingship, the giver and guardian of kingship, and embodied in mythology, it naturally becomes Isis’s establishment and protection of the kingship of Horus, the king of the world.
  As a symbol of “kingship”, Isis is not only reflected in her establishment and protection of kingship, but also in her own pursuit of kingship. We can see this in the story of Isis using cunning tricks to seize the power of Ra. Isis is very eager to become the god of heaven and earth, and she yearns for the power of Ra, but she must know the secret name of Ra to find out the source of his power. So she made a poisonous animal model, which caused Ra to be bitten, and she immediately appeared to induce Ra to reveal his secret name. Since then, Isis has become more authoritative.
  In ancient Egypt, motherhood was an honorable and influential role in both the royal family and the commoner household. Isis encapsulates the most typical virtues of an ancient Egyptian wife and mother, so she becomes the symbolic mother of the Egyptian king and the source of the legitimacy of the king’s rule. Isis not only created kings, but also gave them the power to grow. This may also be the historical proof of the transition from matrilineal clan society to patrilineal clan society in ancient Egypt.   Protector The image of Isis
as a protector is reflected in many aspects.   Isis is the protector of kings and the dead. In the mythology of Osiris, Isis did her best to assist her husband. After her husband was killed, she was not afraid of evil forces and steadfastly guarded her husband’s body. In Osiris, she became the king of Hades, and Horus defeated Seth and became the king of the dead. The queen of the world, Isis took on the mission of protecting the father and son. In the eyes of the Egyptians, the pharaoh was the human Horus, so Isis became the protector of the king and the dead. Isis’s protection of the king is not only reflected in the protection of the body, but more importantly, the confirmation and protection of the supreme kingship.   Isis for pregnancy and childbirth and the protection of the baby. Words describing this duty appear frequently in coffin inscriptions, and the Egyptians prayed for the safety of their childbirth by describing the smooth pregnancy and childbirth of Isis, which reflects the deepest trust the Egyptians had in the motherly goddess. . Egyptian women appreciate Isis’s character in raising his son alone and his unswerving love for her husband, but the productivity of Egyptian society thousands of years ago was in a low state, and many Egyptian women were easily infected with various diseases during childbirth. , and the survival rate of newborn babies is also very low, and the mother and child are very likely to die during childbirth. At this time, people turned their prayers to Isis, hoping to get protection and comfort from her.

  Isis was regarded as a protector by sailors, a phenomenon that emerged during the New Kingdom period. As Isis possesses the ability to foreshadow and even control the flooding of the Nile, she naturally forms an inseparable relationship with the ship. This can be found in the Egyptians naming the various parts of the ship. The Egyptians believed that Isis’s hair and intestines were very strong and rot-resistant after the ingenious embalming treatment of Anubis, the patron saint of the cemetery, so they were used as the ropes on the god’s ship. There are inscriptions on the coffin to prove it: “Its rope is the intestine of Isis; its plank is the intestine of Isis”. In addition, the hand of Isis has become synonymous with flexibility and sturdiness, so it is often regarded as a reel for reeling ropes used in fishing: “Because I know the name of its reel: it is the hand of Isis” . From this, it is not difficult to find that Isis is inextricably linked with the boating and fishing, which were inseparable from the life of the ancient Egyptians. The ancient Egyptians, out of their trust in Isis, used a certain part of her body as a The important part of their closely related boats and fishing tools, it can be seen that this goddess does have a protector-like status in people’s minds, and its importance is evident.
  During the New Kingdom, Isis was also depicted as the protector of the dead pharaoh and his relics, a role she fulfilled with four other goddesses. In addition, the image of the goddess Isis as a protector is also reflected in medical treatment, marriage and so on. As a great magician, Isis often appears when people are injured and need to be healed; and as a model of ancient Egyptian women, she is regarded as a god who protects a happy marriage.
  Wisdom and Cunning
  In the eyes of the Egyptians, Isis is the goddess of loyalty, kindness, bravery, wisdom, benevolence and other virtues. It can be said that the Egyptians’ pursuit of all good qualities is placed in her. However, the Egyptians made no secret of giving her a cunning side in addition to the “perfection” of the goddess, and shaped Isis’s richer character – the coexistence of wisdom and cunning.
  In “The Controversy of Set and Horus”, Isis transforms into a beautiful girl, makes Seth fall in love, and then induces him to speak words in favor of Horus, and finally helps Horus turn defeat into victory. In the myths and legends of Isis, there are a lot of stories about her using great magic and wisdom to defeat evil forces, all of which reflect her smart side.
  There is another legend about the battle between the goddess Isis and the sun god: the sun god has a secret name that neither gods nor men know, and this name gives him unmatched magic power. Isis desperately wanted to get the name, and at the same time gain as much mana as the sun god. At this time, the sun god was getting old and drooling when he spoke. So Isis followed him, picked up his saliva and soil, baked the soil, weaved it into a spear, and the spear turned into a poisonous snake, biting the sun god, and Isis took the opportunity to say to him: “Tell me your secret name, because your name has infinite mana and can detoxify”. At first, the sun god didn’t agree, but he couldn’t resist the pain, so he had to tell Isis his secret name. So, Isis used her wisdom to gain boundless mana. In this story, we see Isis as an ambitious figure who does not hesitate to use tricks to achieve his goals. Here, she is more like a “conspiracy”: in addition to great wisdom, there is more cunning .
  Although, Isis’s character also has some “negative” portrayals, such as her ambition and cunning. But every aspect of Isis highlights her role as a wife and mother, and her cunning in order to help her husband and son. Whether as a magician, savior or as a symbol of kingship, Isis first entered Egyptian life as a goddess image of a good wife and mother. It can be said that her “cunning” highlights her complex and rich character and is closer to “people”.
  As the main god of the nine gods of ancient Egyptian mythology, Isis’s status is extremely important, especially for the Osiris mythology that affects later generations, Isis’s tandem effect cannot be ignored. It can be said that without Isis, there would be no Osiris. myth. As God’s sister, wife, mother, and protector of the king’s power, her role had an indelible impact on the whole of Church-government Egypt. Because the mother and child images of Isis and Horus are very consistent with the Christian images of the Virgin Mary and the Son of Jesus, they are relatively easy to accept for a considerable number of Christians. Therefore, this worship of Isis has been extended to Its influence is evident in the surrounding areas of the Mediterranean Sea.

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