Light in the dark night

  The German film “Counterfeiters”, which won the 2008 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, was adapted from the non-fiction “Devil’s Factory”, reflecting a real historical event: “Bernhardt Sterling Counterfeiting”.
  ”Operation Bernhardt Sterling Counterfeiting” was a “masterpiece” of the Nazi spy agency during World War II. In 1940, SS Commander-in-Chief Himmler secretly instructed SS Major Bernhard Kroeger to build a modern counterfeit banknote printing factory at the Sackhausen concentration camp near Berlin. Himmler received a charter from Hitler, giving the secret factory priority access to all the precision equipment and paper needed to print sterling banknotes. After multiple investigations, bribes, and coercion, Kroger found a group of highly skilled Jewish printing technicians from various concentration camps, promised preferential treatment, and secretly assembled them in this special factory, which was heavily guarded and completely isolated from the world. After many trials and tribulations, a sterling counterfeit note was printed so delicately and realistically that even experts from the Deutsche Reichsbank could not identify the authenticity. In 1943, as the Second World War was approaching the end, Germany dispatched a large fleet of aircraft to drop pseudo-pounds on the British Isles. The British scrambled to pick it up, resulting in traffic disruptions, factory shutdowns, panic buying in the market, and price spikes. The British government has taken urgent measures to close shops across the country to prevent counterfeit banknotes from flooding the market, block all international ports and airports, and ban passengers from leaving the country to prevent counterfeit banknotes from flowing abroad.
  In the concentration camps, a total of 132 million pseudo-pounds were produced, which is four times the deposit reserve of British banks. Fortunately, workers delayed the production of pseudo-dollars, and the world financial exchange rate did not fluctuate sharply. It was not until 1945 that the British government, American espionage experts and experts from the Bank of England discovered the ins and outs of the sterling counterfeit case. The United Kingdom had to announce that all sterling banknotes of 5 pounds and more in circulation in the market were invalid and must be exchanged for new ones. banknotes can be used. Although the “counterfeiting war” failed to save the final defeat of the German Nazis, it seriously disrupted the financial order in Britain at that time, and London suffered huge losses.
  After talking about history, art should come on stage. They are a pair of good partners. History builds a cold skeleton and calmly expounds the origin, process, ending and impact of events; art fills the flesh and blood, and reappears with passion. The vast space of human heart and human nature behind Numerals. Perhaps there is only one truth or one interpretation of historical events, but artistic expression has infinite possibilities, because “there are as many ways of life as there are people in the world” (Solzhenitsyn). The Jewish workers in the counterfeit banknote printing factory in the film are imprisoned together, dressed in the same prison uniform, forced to do the same hard labor, and face the same desperate situation for survival. However, the minds that govern their behavior are different, and the values ​​that judge the meaning of existence It is different, so, in just two hours, we listened to a symphony of destiny performed by counterfeit note makers in the dark night with different notes.
  Shakespeare said: “God created man, he first made him have shortcomings, and he became a man.” The protagonist Sally is not a good person or hero who obeys the law and behaves well in the traditional sense. Before the war he was a skilled counterfeiter. “I said he was a big liar!” Sally, thin and gloomy, lustful, addicted to alcohol, fond of tango, skilled in dance steps, and boldly declared that “the most comfortable way to make money is to make it directly. money.” The Nazis put him in a concentration camp in the name of fighting counterfeit banknotes. After 5 years of imprisonment, a paradox of fate appeared. In order to implement the “Bernhardt Sterling Counterfeiting Operation”, Herzog, the SS officer of the Berlin Security Council’s Anti-Counterfeiting Department who arrested him at that time, found him again and provided him with a more comfortable life. , entrusted with the task of counterfeiting. With desperate gambler psychology and vivid painting skills, the meticulous Sally found the crack of struggle, painted portraits for Nazi guards, painted propaganda posters for the concentration camp, and survived the inhuman life in the concentration camp. How will he handle himself now? Counterfeiting is Sally’s way of making a living. There are no words of honesty and honesty in his life dictionary. Counterfeiting for the Nazis does not have much conflict with his life creed of making profit first, not to mention that he has suffered 5 years of inhuman torture. , he can take this opportunity to seek survival for himself, and no one will blame him for being a collaborator of the devil.
  It seemed that God didn’t want Sally to sink, and that this gravel would lose the possibility of shimmering, so he arranged for his companions to overcome the difficulties of life together. First, on the train that was escorted to the counterfeit banknote printing factory, Kriya, a sick prisoner, as a young student of the Academy of Fine Arts touched Sally’s fond memories of receiving professional education at the Academy of Fine Arts. In the bumpy and filthy carriage, Sally’s good-natured side unwittingly shows, giving himself the food he’s saved, reassuring him, and continuing to love Kriya in the days that follow. Then came Borg, a youth with a broad forehead like a wise man from Auschwitz, who refused to change into better clothes that had been stripped from other Jews, still wearing Auschwitz’s flimsy, tattered prison clothes. While the other prisoners were submissive, Borg, who was pure and noble, expressed his protest against Nazi atrocities. Sally’s sideways glance showed that he was puzzled and disdainful about it.
  Usually a film needs to consider two aspects when constructing the relationship between characters: it not only strongly promotes the development of the plot, but also enables the characters to show different aspects of their personalities in confrontation, collision or mutual peace. , the two blend together. In excellent works, each character has a spiritual world that can be expanded infinitely. Kriya and Borg are not Sally’s shadows or foils. They have their own stories. Borg, in particular, has always maintained a noble nature in the quagmire of suffering, with an independent and full image. Before they appeared, Sally was like a lonely and alert wolf, facing the dark night alone; now, he is still alert, but not only for self-preservation, he realizes what he means to others.
  I’m going to go on with the Kriya and Borg story because it’s so important to get to know Sally’s inner world. I have never been able to see Kriya’s face very clearly. The young man suffering from tuberculosis who has been tortured, always hides quietly in inconspicuous corners, has no desire to eat, has no physical strength to work, and does not dare to cough in front of people. , let alone let the Nazis know about his condition. He was struggling day by day, “I even survived the concentration camp”, what supported him was his love for the art of painting, eager to complete a beautiful work one day; and Sally’s love for him, Sally was Looking at Kriya’s son, “You don’t eat (rice) and I don’t eat either.” “What about your children?” Kriya asked, “In concentration camps or dead, I can redeem them if I have money.” Sally looked sad, he cut his fingers and squeezed blood on Kriya’s pale cheeks, trying to make him look healthy. Sally makes a dangerous deal with SS officer Herzog by crafting fake passports to get Kriya’s much-needed drugs. There was a rare smile on Sally’s face, and he thought that Kriya was saved. The philosopher Diderot told us: “When the belly is crying, the cry of conscience and honor is weak.” What’s more, in a situation worse than “the belly is crying”, Sally has overcome the weakness of human nature, He did these things willingly, and Sally who did them has our great respect.
  It is conceivable that Kriya’s death was a heavy blow to Sally. Kriya was dead, before he had time to take one of the pills that Sally had managed to get for him. Kriya died, and Sally watched as Kriya, a child, knelt upright at the muzzle of the Nazis, without arguing or pleading. The Nazi guards put their guns back in their waists and lightly announce that the killing of Kriya was for everyone’s health. Before, Sally had seen how many Jews were tortured to death, and he closed his eyes tightly, “As long as I live, it is enough.” At this moment, another young life disappeared silently in front of his eyes, and Sally was in Dancing alone in the dark night, staggering, is there an end to the suffering of being slaughtered by others?
  Borg will give him the answer.
  Borg, a printing technician and his wife, distributed anti-fascist leaflets and was taken to Auschwitz. When he came to the counterfeit banknote printing factory, his attitude was very clear: “I don’t want to print money for them.” He was keenly aware that the Nazis were crazy about making counterfeit banknotes because “the Germans are bankrupt, and there is no foreign exchange for oil and arms. We are providing Germany with Funds.” He realized that “if the problem of money is big, we will find a way out of war.” He encouraged Sally to rebel, “The uprising is at least a sign.” “There is a fight.” Severe scrutiny of the bank, and when everyone gathered around Sally to congratulate him, he scolded Sally for “a soul-selling idiot!”
  In the eyes of Sally and other workers who believed that “a day is a day”, Borg was simply a maniac who hit the stone with a pebble. How precious is Borg’s perseverance and resistance. In the weak body that seems to be knocked down, there is an unbelievable huge personality power. In the face of suffering, he did not escape. Worker Rorico found the ID cards of his two children in the documents that the Nazis used as samples. He lost his desire to live and committed suicide; The graphic maker, he can survive by relying on his skills, but he repeatedly sabotages the banknote-making process and delays time; he does not give in, and everyone notices his destruction, beats him for survival and threatens to report, Borg wipes the corner of his mouth. Blood, eyes calm and calm. Borg did not hate them, he pitied their fear and despair, suffering too easily destroys the will of man. Borg clearly knows why people should live and how people should live. He has a lofty spiritual sky and inner vitality to bear physical pain. When the nation to which he belonged fell into extinction, he always held his noble head high and his eyes bright.

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