On Russian National Costumes

  Russia is a country with a long history and cultural tradition, and its clothing history is equally colorful and has a long history. Although the Russian national costume has undergone some changes, its basic characteristics have remained unchanged and preserved, becoming a Russian folk costume that is different from other ethnic groups. Russia’s national costumes are colorful, large, and have strong national characteristics. This is closely related to the production and life of the Russian nation, and it also reflects the heroic character of the Russians.
  
  The main characteristics of Russian national costumes
  
  Typical Russian men’s clothing is a burlap shirt with a diagonal collar. The collar and hem of the shirt are embroidered. When wearing, a belt is tied outside the shirt. The shirt is generally made of linen gauze and white cotton. , and also made of brightly colored floral fabrics. The trousers are slightly fatter and are made of white cloth or dyed floral cloth. The outer cover is a duffle coat, leather boots or shoes, and a hat or fur hat. In the severe cold season, the outer cover is a short sheepskin coat or a sheepskin coat, a felt hat on the head, and high leather boots on the feet.
  The typical Russian women’s clothes are mostly colorful, and they are also burlap shirts. The collars of the shirts are not open, the collar is pleated, the shirts are embroidered, shoulders are set, and the sleeves are enlarged. Women in the south of Russia wear woolen skirts; women in the north love salafan (a kind of national costume) and do not wear trousers; they wear leather shoes or boots. Wear a scarf in spring; a floral turban in summer; a fedora or fur hat in autumn and winter. In winter, sheepskin coats are generally worn. When wearing fur, the fur decoration resembles jewelry.
  The most typical features of ancient Russian clothing are straight line division and free fall line division. Traditional clothing basically has diagonal lines of folds and uses straight line sewing. Then there is the larger bust and waist circumference of clothing, especially women’s long-sleeved shirts. The color of clothing generally has full color, or uses color combination to decorate part of clothing.
  In fact, as early as the 11th and 12th centuries AD, Russian national costumes already had a unique national style. It was synchronized with the development of other countries’ costumes in the European continent, but the embroidery patterns on its folk clothes, hats and boots maintained a unique decoration. sex. In national costumes, the ornaments of Russian women are mainly shawls and belts. The shawls are available in two styles: triangular and square, with large bright floral prints on them. In addition to drape over the shoulders, Russian women often wrap the shawl on the head as a headscarf. Then there is the belt. The Russians believe that the belt can not only keep warm, but also bless safety, because the belt symbolizes the circle of sunlight.
  The headdress of Russian women has strong national characteristics, and its form and decoration still retain the ancient functions, which are important costumes of Russian women. Married women should hide their hair, and unmarried girls should have their hair exposed. Unmarried girls usually have long hair or braids, and their hair is decorated with embroidered ribbons. The types of headbands include pearls, garlands, and ordinary wood. The headscarves of married women are made of linen or silk. Mostly white or red, generally triangular. The most common headgear was the linen handkerchief, which, like women’s hats, became darker and darker with age. When a girl gets married, the hat replaces the handkerchief. Russian women like to wear all kinds of small accessories, such as earrings, necklaces, headdresses, etc., and they are also very particular about the wearing of headdresses.
  The embroidery of Russian folk costumes integrates various techniques and methods, and has a distinct Russian style. The special embroidery thread used for embroidery is made from flax and wool fibers mixed with natural dyes for painting, and is embroidered using various types of embroidery machines. All kinds of embroidery techniques and folk embroidery clothing have high artistic appreciation value and practical value. Usually, the ornamentation of clothing is connected with jewelry. By using contrasting colors, combining with national weaving patterns and embroidery, supplemented by lace, webbing, etc., they are integrated together to form a special aesthetic decoration.
  The main colors of Russian folk costumes are white, red and blue, and national feelings are expressed in a special way through the color of costumes. The most popular is red, dressed in red with red embroidery thread, creating a very subtle harmony with different shades and intensities of red, with the addition of some black to enrich and enhance the basic tone. Russian folk costumes also include other bright colors such as green, blue, orange, yellow, etc. The proportion of each color in a garment varies, depending on one’s preference for shades of color.
  
  Clothing function analysis of Russian national costumes
  
  From the perspective of clothing function analysis, Russian national costumes are analyzed. It can be concluded that women usually wear more clothing space than men, which reflects that women work more in the family. From this point of view, Russian national costumes have very good practical functions.
  In addition, the clothing that is usually worn can also meet the needs of clothing functions in terms of coverage, and has a certain degree of comfort, especially with some decorations and various forms, colors and fabrics. For example, use traditional clothing elements in home clothing, but use white and red, red and blue, etc. on detailed decorative features such as scarves, shawls, color combinations, etc. to enhance the beauty of the clothing.
  For those formal occasion clothes that are not suitable for wearing during labor, the clothes including dresses, singing and dancing clothes have elegant characteristics, and the design is very simple, but with embroidery, the formal occasion clothes are particularly prominent. At the same time, the use of modern simulation sports clothing can be found in its formal occasion clothing. For example, in some folk costumes, stripes, seams, etc. on the chest, shoulders, and sleeves are clearly distinguished.
  Russian national dress can be boiled down to two most prominent functions: practicality and beauty. These characteristics actually reflect the traditional Russian folk art.
  
  The influence of Russian national costumes on its modern costumes
  
  Modern Russians dress tastefully and always follow the guidelines of neatness, dignity, elegance and harmony. In more formal occasions, men usually wear suits, while women mainly wear skirts. Russians have always believed that skirts are the most feminine clothing. Therefore, pay attention to the harmony of colors and the overall collocation in clothing. Usually, people seldom wear Russian traditional national costumes, and only wear them during major national festivals or theatrical performances.
  After carefully studying the characteristics of their national costumes, some Russian costume scientists found that the simplicity and feasibility of Russian traditional national costumes can be used in modern costume design, and through practice, they designed and produced functionally appropriate costumes. It can be seen that in the process of modern fashion design, we should think about traditional folk costumes, pay attention to creative development, and give new vigor and vitality to national costumes from the perspectives of art, science and craftsmanship. At present, some modern Russian shirts, dresses, coats, etc. have found solutions for design and decoration from traditional folk clothing. In particular, modern knitted fabrics and products and modern children’s products attach great importance to the use of unique embroidery in Russian traditional clothing and its decoration in many other aspects.
  At present, Russian clothing fashion has become trendy and fashionable in the world. In big cities such as Moscow and St. Petersburg, you can see the fashion conferences of famous brands from Paris and Italy on TV every week, from which people can capture the current popular styles. , Predict the future trend of fashion, change your own clothing, and make it catch up with the trend. However, due to Russia’s unique climate and geographical location, not every fashion is suitable. Therefore, this determines that in addition to taking the essence of the world, the Russians must completely preserve the costumes that adapt to their own national characteristics.
  Since ancient times, Russia has formed the traditional costumes that its own nation loves, and the folk have always preserved these costumes with unique Russian charm. Perhaps no country in the world has such a rich collection of traditional national costumes as the Russian nation, with various expressions and unusual designs, as well as the elegance and unique decoration of colorful costumes, especially That pleasing embroidery, with an eye-catching originality and conception.
  Reviewing the main characteristics of Russian national costumes and their influence on modern Russian costumes, it can be seen that in the process of modern costume design in any country, the traditional characteristics of national costumes must be displayed, so as to carry forward the national culture, which makes the national Culture can carry out cultural exchanges with other ethnic groups on an equal footing, and promote the advancement and development of modern clothing in the direction of unified pluralism and pluralistic unity.