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Sad Indian

  On the drive to Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park, it was rare to encounter other vehicles during the journey due to its remote location. Just as I was thankful for the smooth traffic, a yellow School Bus suddenly appeared in front of me. According to U.S. traffic laws, every time a school bus stops to pick up or drop off students, all vehicles behind must stop and wait. And because it was a one-way street that couldn’t be overtaken, we ended up stop-and-go all the way, and we dawdled for nearly half an hour on the short mile. Originally, I was used to the rule of giving priority to school buses in the United States, but this time it was quite strange, because there are deserts and rocks almost everywhere, and the living environment is very harsh. After the children got off the bus, they disappeared in twos and threes. Amidst the thorns, I couldn’t help but ask: How could Americans, who have always been pampered and pampered, want to live in such a hellish place? When I arrived at the tourist destination and saw that the hospitality workers were all weather-beaten Indians, I solved this problem. doubt.
  The Monument Valley Park we went to straddles the state border between Arizona and Utah in the southwestern United States. It belongs to the reservation of the Navajo tribe of Indians and is the largest Indian reservation in the United States. Although it is not a national park, it is as famous as the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone. Although Monument Valley is called Valley, it is not a river valley or valley in the true sense. It consists of a group of weathered rock pillars (steles) standing majestically in the laterite desert. Friends who are familiar with American movies are certainly no strangers to this place. It is an excellent place to shoot western movies, such as “Wind Whisperer”, “The Searcher” and so on. Because Monument Valley has appeared in so many movies, it has been regarded as a symbol of the unexplored wild west of the United States. Many people who have never been to Monument Valley will also have a feeling of deja vu for the scenery here. The author once watched the movie “Forrest Gump”, and the deepest memory is that after his mother died, Forrest Gump kept running, from the east coast to the west coast, and finally stopped on Route 163. A group of followers said: “I’m going home,” Forrest Gump’s white beard more than a foot long fluttered in the golden sunlight, and the background was the group of steles in the Monument valley.
  In Monument Valley Park, the people who received us were all Indians. Of course, it should be the Navajo people to be precise. After all, Indians is the name given to them by European colonists represented by Columbus, but he himself does not agree with them. Only the names of their respective clans are recognized. During the visit, I kept comparing what I saw with the history of my own persecution of the Native Americans in the past. Looking at this barren place that looked like an alien planet, I secretly made up my mind that I must use my own pen to paint the blood and tears. The history of impregnation is revealed to the world. Only by remembering this brutal genocide can we deeply understand the American spirit that advertises “freedom and democracy”, and it is possible to avoid similar tragedies from happening again.
  When Columbus first set foot on the American continent, the Indians jumped into the water to welcome them, but Columbus took advantage of the situation to capture the Indians to ask for directions. This highly symbolic event symbolized the tragic fate of the future Indians . History is always written by the victors, and the vast books repeat over and over again: Indians are “savages”, and according to the natural law of “natural selection, survival of the fittest”, they should be deprived of the right to survive by “civilized people”. However, the bloody historical facts just tell us that the so-called “civilized people” are the real barbarians!
  I once visited the port city of Plymouth in the eastern United States and witnessed the “Mayflower” that the first group of Puritan immigrants took Sea Ship Replica. Without the help of the Indians, perhaps these whites would have had a hard time getting through the first two harsh winters. Fortunately, the enthusiastic Indians provided food to the guests from afar, and patiently and meticulously taught them the techniques of growing corn, pumpkins, tomatoes and hunting. In order to thank God for their favor (in fact, the Indians should be most grateful for their help), self-immigrants set up a Thanksgiving Day. Ironically, today at the Indians Thanksgiving rally in Plymouth, this American holiday has become a “Day of Indigenous Mourning.”
  With the gradual exposure of the robbery nature of the colonists, the relationship between the two sides gradually changed from being friendly to each other. After a large number of British immigrants arrived one after another, they took revenge for their revenge and began to expel the original owners of this land, divided and disintegrated the various Indian tribes, and then broke them one by one and carried out a massacre. Although the colonialists’ suppression was met with heroic resistance by the Indians, the indigenous people in the primitive tribal stage could not resist the British colonists armed to the teeth after all, and had to fight and retreat. The endless wars and massacres began in 1622. It lasted until 1769.
  After the independence of the United States, as the territory continued to expand westward, the federal government inherited the consistent policy of the British colonists and further strengthened the conquest of the Indians. As we all know, when a country declares its establishment, all the inhabitants in its territory, especially the aborigines, automatically become citizens of this country, and the government must protect them, no matter how backward and ignorant they are, the government must take various measures measures to help and educate them. But the “democratic” government of the United States does not do this. They do not have so much patience and love to educate these “savage” aborigines, but consider them to be a burden to the economic development of the United States. Under the influence, the extermination policy was implemented without guilt. The racial siege and slaughter of Union troops and militias began in 1803 (when the Louisiana area was purchased by Napoleon) and continued until 1892, for almost a full century. In order to cooperate with the military offensive, the U.S. government has promulgated an exceptionally bloody and cruel policy. In 1814, President James Madison re-enacted a decree with reference to the 1703 reward regulations for the slaughter of Indians by the North American colonial assemblies, stipulating that for every Indian skull turned over, the U.S. government would issue a bonus of $50 or $100 (for killing 12 Indians). $50 for an Indian infant or woman under the age of 12, and $100 for killing an Indian man over 12).
  This heinous act of genocide is one of the most shameful stains in American history, and many prominent democratic leaders of the time actively participated in this action, one of whom was the drafter of the Declaration of Independence, the third President Thomas Jefferson. On the one hand, Jefferson declared in the “Declaration of Independence” that “all men are created equal”, on the other hand, he himself was unwilling to release the black slaves in his family. He believed that blacks were inherently inferior to whites. In addition, he was quite military capable of organizing dozens of expeditions against the Indians, and his hands were stained with the blood of the Indians. But if you look carefully at the history textbooks of American primary and secondary schools, you will find that these textbooks do not describe Jefferson as a slave owner and an exterminator of Indians, but glorify him as a frontier, a military leader, and a representative of democracy. It is precisely because of this that many Indian schools today refuse to use this kind of material that hides the truth of history.
  In the process of resisting the massacre, many famous leaders also emerged among the Indians, such as the Indian chief “Black Hawk” in the north of Illinois. Although “Black Hawk” was eventually defeated and captured, he became a famous hero. The US military’s active-duty helicopter gunship is named after the “Black Hawk”. His tactics and Mao Zedong’s guerrilla warfare were included in the compulsory course of West Point Military Academy. When the Civil War broke out, the Indians basically stood on the southern side and fought to the death with the northern army. In 1862, the Indian Sioux rebelled, and then the Apache (the U.S. military Apache gunship was named after this brave Indian tribe) also rebelled, which put the Union Army in an embarrassing situation. If the Indian tribes hadn’t fought their own way, perhaps a united America would not exist today.
  Of course, while we condemn white people, we must also admit that the blood feud between races has always been Not unidirectional. Since the independence of the United States, Indian tribes have mostly stood on the opposite side of the federal government: first allied with the British colonists, and then supported the southern slave owners (however, there are also a few Indian tribes who have sided with the federal government, and they participated in the struggle by joining the US military. The battles of other Indian tribes. Some American troops are even more than half of the Indians). After defeating the Confederate army, the federal government was determined to completely eliminate this confidant, turning passive defense into active attack. Grant, a civil war hero who later became president, even threatened: “It is necessary to exterminate all Indian tribes!” The federal government has specially allocated a huge amount of money to support the army in encircling and suppressing the main food source of the Indians – the bison. way to force it to completely disarm and surrender. By 1880, the North American bison had dropped from the original 13 million to less than 1,000, which was basically extinct. This method really worked, and the Indian tribes who lost their food source gave up their resistance.
  What was the result of such a long-term campaign and massacre? According to the calculations made by some rigorous scholars in the United States based on historical data in the 1990s, when Columbus “discovered” the New World in 1492, the total Indian population in North America should have been 30 million. to 100 million. To be cautious, let’s take the lowest figure of 30 million as an example. In 1910, the Indians had a registered population of 220,000. Today, when the author is in the United States, how many Indians are left scattered on “reservations” in the backcountry? According to official U.S. statistics, there are about 1.8 million people, accounting for only 0.5% of the country’s population. And, 800,000 of them live below the poverty line, and less than 1% own their own land. Faced with such cold statistics, we can’t help but ask: shouldn’t this horrific genocide be “comparable” to Hitler’s Holocaust of the Jews (although there are also many Indian tribes infected with smallpox, cholera and other epidemics, but it is clear that the white colonists are still to blame)?
  In the United States, the surviving Indians have been discriminated against and persecuted throughout the 20th century, whether Democrats or Republicans were in power. It is quite historical that the sporadic fighting of the Indians in Florida continued until 1939. It can be said that the prosperity of the United States today is dripping with the blood of countless Indians. It’s no wonder that the Indians regarded Thanksgiving as a “day of ingratitude” and went on a hunger strike on this day.
  Like the vast majority of Chinese compatriots, the author, before coming into contact with the Indians in person, basically had their impressions from films and paintings. When the word “Indian” is mentioned, a “savage” image always comes to my mind: the aboriginal man with feathers on his head, his face painted, and the shirtless natives staring at you with strange eyes, talking and listening. If you don’t understand the language, once you anger them, you will scream all the way and chase you in the mountains and jungles… The author thinks that most of our misunderstandings about the Indians stem from the Western films shot in the early days of the United States, such as “Western” Pioneering”, “The Lonely Dove”, etc., there are a large number of Indian “bandits” attacking innocent white people, even women and children. In fact, this is basically the behavior of director Bai Jin deliberately vilifying the Indians, in order to cater to the prejudice of the mainstream society at that time and the curiosity of consumers.
  It is quite gratifying that some literary and artistic works in recent years have gradually realized the mistakes of the past and strived to show the real Indian culture to the world. Released in 1990, “Dancing With Wolves” was all the rage at the time and won seven Oscars. It was a rare Indian film. The film tells the story of an American military officer and the Indian Sioux at the end of the Civil War in the 1860s. A large number of lines in the film insisted on using the language of the Sioux, with English subtitles, which was very rare and bold in the American film circle at that time. In Dances with Wolves, we see another side of the Indians, who by today’s standards are upright, honest, brave, freedom-loving, responsible, and compassionate. Although they cannot be compared with “civilized people” in terms of science and technology, their value orientation and ethics are worthy of praise.
  After entering the new millennium, Woo Yusen, a Chinese director who is also a minority in the United States, also tried to “correct the name” of the Indians. In 2002, he directed the film “The Wind Whisperer”, and the breathtaking two-minute long-shot scenery at the beginning of the film was shot in Monument Valley Park, which I visited. “Wind Whisperer” describes the indigenous people of this land – the Navajo Nation. The plot of the film is taken from the true story of history: During World War II, the passwords of the U.S. military were frequently deciphered by the Japanese army, so the U.S. military specially recruited a group of Navajo soldiers. Utilize their native language, Navajo. Create a new set of communication passwords. In the battle of landing on Saipan, in order to prevent Navajo soldiers from being captured by the enemy to crack the code, the US military specially sent agents to “protect” them. In fact, the real order received by these “protectors” was to kill them in an emergency. member of the cipher group. Of course, this act was a highly military secret at that time, and it was difficult to verify whether it was true or not, but it is certain that the Japanese army did not decipher this code until the end of World War II. As Chinese, of course we should applaud the courage of director John Woo. After all, few people in box-office-oriented Hollywood will be ignorant of current affairs to shoot such “non-American” themes: you, Director Wu, are not filming the US military bravely and deeply. Instead of trying to search and rescue an ordinary soldier behind enemy lines (as in “Saving Private Ryan”), it describes the hero (Navajo warrior) who will be mercilessly executed when necessary to defend the country. Such a film that exposes the dark side of American culture, not to mention winning an Oscar, is not bad if it can recoup its costs. Sure enough, the box office fiasco and verbal criticism were unexpected by director John Woo.
  Although the life of the Indians before the arrival of the colonists was not as peaceful and peaceful as the populists imagined, there are more than 300 tribes living in North America at the end of the clan communes, and the killings between these tribes have never stopped. But can we therefore say that they were not human-like, not “civilized” people, but pure savages and cannibals? Endlessly sings praises of the slaughter of Indians, and does everything possible to demonize the Indians. But did the Westerners really bring civilization? Take the Cherokee, a group of Indians, as an example. After the arrival of the white people, they quickly Europeanized. As a result, not only did they create writing and have their own newspapers, but they also Start using black slaves, and use up to 100+ people, this is the result of civilization praised by many white people!
  As I was about to leave Monument Valley, I was praying in my heart that the tragedy of history would not repeat itself. Facing the Navajo Nation who waved goodbye to me, I was secretly thankful for them: yes, after the horrific massacre, the Navajo Nation was unfortunate compared to other extinct Indian tribes. Fortunately, they also have this strange and barren land, and they can continue to survive and reproduce with the help of tourism.
  Goodbye, my Navajo brothers! May you one day fully enjoy true human rights of freedom, democracy and justice!

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