The global rare high temperature energy structure adjustment is imminent

  Environmental experts believe that the extreme climate means that human efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are still insufficient. It is imminent to let the earth “fever”, and further efforts must be made in the adjustment of energy structure and the green transformation of transportation.
How hot is this summer?

  The record-high temperatures have made the “fried egg on a manhole cover” experiment, which has been used to test surface temperatures for years, a thing of the past. On social media, a large number of food bloggers put 2 cm thick raw steaks with seasonings, put them in vacuum bags, and put them in the open air on the balcony. After 2 hours, they can get a cooked steak, which shows that the local is suffering Rarely hot weather.
  Meteorologically, it is high temperature when the daily maximum temperature reaches or exceeds 35 degrees Celsius. A high temperature weather process of 3 consecutive days or more is called a high temperature heat wave. The National Climate Center said that since June 13, my country has experienced the first regional high temperature weather process this year, with a wide range, long duration, strong extremes and great impact. As of July 12, the high temperature event has lasted for 30 days, covering a land area of ​​5.021 million square kilometers and affecting a population of over 900 million. Extreme heat has affected almost the entire northern hemisphere. Since mid-July, parts of Portugal have recorded a record high temperature of 47 degrees Celsius. Serious wildfires have occurred in countries such as France, Spain, Greece, Croatia and Albania. On July 18, the European Drought Report released by the Joint Research Center of the European Commission stated that 44% of the land in EU countries and the United Kingdom is in the “drought warning” state, and 9% of the land is in the “drought warning” state, and the grain harvest is not optimistic. More than 90 million Americans are under high temperature warnings, with temperatures in the northeastern and south-central parts of the United States likely to exceed 40.5 degrees Celsius, with temperatures rising to 43.3 degrees Celsius in parts of the central region.
  Meteorological experts said the frequent occurrence of extreme high temperature weather is directly related to climate warming. The World Meteorological Organization believes that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, global warming will be even greater.

Emission reduction efforts still need to be stepped up

  In response to climate issues, many countries and organizations are actively advocating and promoting the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the development of green and low-carbon development.
  In recent years, the development of global renewable energy has achieved certain results. In the past five years, renewable energy power generation accounted for about 60% of the increase in global power generation, of which wind power generation and solar power generation more than doubled. The electrification of vehicles continues to develop. In 2021, the global sales of new energy vehicles will reach 6.75 million units, a year-on-year increase of 108%.
  ”The global low-carbon transformation and green development have achieved certain results, but we still face great pressure to deal with climate change,” said Huang Xiaoyong, former dean of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and director of the International Energy Security Research Center.
  According to a report released by the World Meteorological Organization, in 2021, the global greenhouse gas concentration, sea level rise, ocean heat and ocean acidification, four key indicators of climate change, all set new records, and the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere continued to rise. The average global temperature that year was about 1.11 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  ”This means that the efforts made by many countries to reduce emissions are not enough.” Lin Boqiang, dean of the China Energy Policy Research Institute of Xiamen University, said that all parties must reach more consensus to promote the implementation of emissions reduction actions. At the same time, promote the transformation of energy, transportation and lifestyle to green and low-carbon through technological innovation.
Energy structure adjustment is the top priority

  To achieve the “dual carbon” goal, adjusting the energy structure is still the top priority.
  The power industry is the largest carbon-emitting sector in my country, and its carbon emissions account for more than 40% of the country’s total carbon emissions. With the continuous development of the economy, the demand for electricity will maintain a certain percentage of growth year by year. Increasing non-fossil energy power generation has become an important way to save energy and reduce emissions.
  On July 27, Zhang Jianhua, director of the National Energy Administration, said that the National Energy Administration will pay close attention to the implementation of the “14th Five-Year Plan” energy plan and the implementation of the carbon peaking plan in the energy sector to promote green and low-carbon transformation of energy and high-quality development. The first is to vigorously develop non-fossil energy, the second is to actively promote the clean and efficient use of coal, and the third is to strengthen the clean substitution of end-use energy.
  ”By 2030, it is expected that the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption will continue to grow at an average rate of 1 percentage point per year, and we have the ability and confidence to achieve the goal of ‘carbon peaking’,” Zhang Jianhua said.
  Affected by the blockage of energy supply, EU countries such as Germany have had to restart coal power recently to cope with the current energy crisis. However, from the perspective of long-term goals, the EU is still a firm supporter of low-carbon development.
  Recently, the European Parliament passed an amendment to the bill to increase the share of renewable energy. The EU raised the 2030 renewable energy development target to 45%, and put forward clearer requirements in green hydrogen, transportation, construction and other fields to ensure that the renewable energy development target is effectively advanced.

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