Why the Russian military can’t do anything about Haimas

  Recently, Ukrainian Defense Minister Reznikov said that the US-made M-270 rocket launch system has arrived and is ready to be deployed in coordination with the “Haimas” rocket that has been put into actual combat. Previously, the Haimas rocket system provided by the United States to Ukraine performed quite impressively in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Since mid-June, Ukraine has used the Haimas high-mobility multiple rocket system to destroy more than 20 large-scale ammunition depots and commands of the Russian army. Place. These targets are all in the rear safety zone far away from the front line, beyond the range of traditional artillery, and the surrounding area is heavily guarded. The emergence of American-made rocket systems has made these impregnable targets vulnerable. Ukrainian troops can safely and easily destroy their locked ammunition depots and command posts, proving the power and accuracy of American-made rockets. The Russian side is temporarily unable to destroy this weapon that has just appeared on the battlefield in advance, and its air defense system is also very difficult to achieve interception.
  Not long ago, when the United States expressed its willingness to support the Ukrainian Haimas system, some domestic media commented that this weapon had little impact on the war situation. I even met a scholar who said contemptuously, “The range of the Haimas system is only 80 kilometers, which is not worth it at all. mention.” However, the excellent performance of Heimas on the battlefield later proved the value of this weapon. So why is the rocket launch system that does not seem to be powerful in terms of data, but the powerful Russian army has nothing to do with it?
  Military enthusiasts often see that the Dongfeng missile has a range of tens of thousands of kilometers in domestic military reports. In the eyes of professionals, the range of weapons is not entirely determined by technology, but by tactics and usage scenarios. For example, the Haimas rocket launch system is a tactical support firepower used by the Army, so its combat scenarios are mainly used for tactical firepower support at the division and brigade level of the US ground forces. So what is the most suitable rocket range for a unit of this level? In fact, 80 kilometers is its optimal range. Because the combat depth of a brigade-level unit is 80 kilometers, the range of this level can complete the fire support of a brigade’s combat depth. A longer range is of course better, but the performance of the weapon is often contradictory and restrictive. For example, if a longer range is required, a larger rocket body is required, which means that the weapon will be heavier and more portable. will have less ammo. In the absence of revolutionary breakthroughs in material technology, human technology can only achieve a balance of performance through design.
  The advantages of the US-made rocket launch system are not long range and great power, but greatly optimizing its tactical performance based on the set combat scope. For example, the U.S. multiple rocket launch system emphasizes the ability of rapid deployment, rapid fire and rapid loading, which can bring great tactical advantages in actual combat. A Haimas launch vehicle is only about the size of a heavy truck and can be evacuated to a secret reloading location immediately after launch, where it can be loaded and ready for the next launch within 6 minutes. If the Haymas rocket was to be destroyed before it could be fired, it would have to identify its location in as little as 10 minutes and quickly use a weapon to destroy it. Ukrainians tend to operate at night, and ordinary optical reconnaissance cannot be used. The coverage distance of night vision and thermal imaging reconnaissance methods is very short. With the technical level of Russia, the airborne electro-optical system of UAVs or helicopters can only be used close to the Haimas 20. The target can be found at a distance of kilometers. Although there are also means of long-distance aerial reconnaissance at night, such as synthetic aperture radar, which can search and monitor ground targets in a wider area, but Russia only has a very small number of Tu-214R air surveillance aircraft with this ability, and the number is insufficient to allow Russia. The Aerospace Force monitors the area where Haimas may be active 24 hours a day, and is also threatened by Ukrainian air defense weapons and does not dare to get too close. After the war, Ukrainian fighter planes have not been completely annihilated by Russia, because Russia’s ability to monitor the ground is quite limited, and Ukraine can keep its huge fighter jets and attack aircraft through camouflage, transfer and interference. Considering such a huge and difficult-to-transfer target for fighter jets, Russia cannot detect and destroy it in time. For a highly mobile and more hidden ground target such as Haimas, it is a difficult task for Russia to warn in advance, let alone destroy it in advance. In short, the threat of American-made rocket systems to the Russian army now seems almost insoluble, and the more advanced weapons on the books may not be easy to use in actual combat.

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