New Zealand’s Centennial Walk

  The history of New Zealand trails goes back more than 100 years. The sheep intestine trails that gold diggers and shepherds stepped out in the past, after a hundred years of continuous improvement, have gradually become a multi-dimensional space for people to exercise, experience beautiful scenery and entertain, attracting hiking and photography enthusiasts from all over the world, and even more to New Zealanders. is indispensable.
  New Zealand trails vary in length and difficulty. At the entrance of each trail, there will be a sign indicating the length of the trail, the average time required to complete the journey, the road map, and the dangers that may be encountered on the road, so that walkers can understand the situation of the trail in advance and choose the appropriate route. .
  According to incomplete statistics, Auckland, the largest city in New Zealand, has no less than 50 trails of various difficulty. For leisure, you can choose a moderate-to-low difficulty route with a length of four or five kilometers and a walking time of one or two hours. On the Leroy Trail in Auckland, you can sometimes walk through dense virgin forest, sometimes in reed-covered wetlands, and at the end of the trail is the grass and beach by the sea. The most wonderful thing is that, sitting on a bench by the sea, in front of you is the tallest building in the southern hemisphere – the Sky Tower, and the sea-crossing bridge spanning downtown Auckland and the North Shore.
  However, thinking that the trail is a sidewalk that can be “walked in the courtyard” obviously underestimates the difficulty of advanced routes. For hikers eager to challenge themselves, New Zealand’s ten ‘Great Walks’ are world-class routes. Since 1993, the New Zealand government has successively selected ten “big trails”, with a total length ranging from 32 to 145 kilometers, and it takes 3 to 6 days to walk. Nearly all of the “Great Walks” are located in New Zealand’s nature reserves, and the scenery along the way, from beaches to ridges, rainforests to glaciers, shows the beauty of New Zealand.
  On the circular trail in Tongariro, Snow Mountain, North Island, you can see completely different scenery along the way. Tongariro National Park is home to three active snow-covered volcanoes named Ruapehu, Nauruhui and Tongariro. The trail passes through 2 of them and hikers can approach the crater. Crossing the entire route requires walking through meadows, forests, lakes, deserts and active volcanoes. The Tongariro Ring Trail has attracted a large number of “Lord of the Rings” fans, because Mount Ruapehu is the most important location for Mordor in the film, and Nauruhui, 2291 meters above sea level, is where Sauron cast the Lord of the Rings “Volcano Doom” is also where Frodo and Sam finally destroy the Lord of the Rings. Facing the towering Ngauruhoe volcano all the way forward, it is like walking in the movie plot of “The Lord of the Rings”.
  Trail walking is both a leisure trip and a learning trip. Various introduction columns are set up along the trail to introduce local flora and fauna, topography and ecosystems, allowing hikers to learn about New Zealand’s unique creatures such as silver ferns and kiwis. The most thoughtful words and pictures come from local primary and secondary school students. The pictures and messages written by the children are vivid and touching, which makes people pay more attention to protecting the vegetation and landforms along the way. Stopped in front of various introduction columns, and gained new knowledge while resting, which is the so-called “unity of knowledge and action”.
  The trails are set up with environmental protection in mind. Special cleaning stations are often set up at trail entrances. There will be special hand-held water guns and brushes to allow hikers to clean up the dust and other residues on the soles of their shoes to prevent them from being brought into the nature reserve and affecting the local ecological environment.
  In the “big trail”, the concept of environmental protection runs through every link. No hotels and restaurants are allowed on the trail, and no rubbish can be left. In order to facilitate travelers to stay overnight, there are cabins or campsites on the route of the “Great Trail”, where reservations and fees are required to stay overnight. To protect the trail from damage, it is illegal to set up tents within 500 meters or 1 km of the “Great Trail”. The nature reserve where the trail is located will also have fire prevention reminders, and the use of fire in violation of regulations is strictly prohibited. Learning how to properly use outdoor equipment and follow safety regulations during trail travel is also a must for travelers.
  There are many outdoor education bases called “Forest Schools” all over New Zealand. Many elementary and middle school students regularly take one or several days of classes here to learn relevant knowledge and skills about the ecological environment, climate change and outdoor survival. Trails are the perfect place for this kind of outdoor learning and training. Fresh air and a free atmosphere make it easier for educators and educated people to stimulate new thinking in the teaching process.

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