Was Gagarin the world’s first astronaut?

  As we all know, the former Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin was the first astronaut in the world. However, for more than 40 years, the Western media has always reported that before Gagarin entered space on April 12, 1961, Eleven ex-Soviet astronauts have gone to heaven, but all of them died, and the truth was covered up by the former Soviet government. Is that really the case? Russia’s Komsomolskaya Pravda published an article by Andrei Moiseyenko, revealing the mystery of the life and death of the “astronauts” before Gagarin.
  ”Isn’t Gagarin the first astronaut? That’s nonsense!” you must say. But it does say otherwise. In June 2005, in an article about the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the German weekly “Der Spiegel” mentioned very seriously that before Gagarin took the “Vostok” spacecraft to the sky, there were people from the former Soviet Union. Earth was seen in space orbit. The topic has been enduring in the Western world for a long time, and there have even been several films that appear to be well-founded.
  It was Italians who brought up the topic first. In December 1959, Italy’s “Continental” news agency broadcast a surprising piece of news: the former Soviet Union had already sent several people into space in 1957, but not by spaceships, but by manned ballistic missiles. It failed, so the former Soviets did not make the news public. The news agency even pointed out the names of the four astronauts killed: Alexey Ledovsky, Sergey Shibolin, Andrei Mitkov and Maria Gromova.
  Later, the Italian “Corriere della Sera” published an article, telling the story of the Italian radio amateurs, the brothers Algiero and Jabasjik. Twice in January 1960 and February 1961, they received strange signals from space. They recorded all the signals they received on tape and sent them to the newspaper. Italian newspapers deciphered the signals and found that they were actually related to former Soviet cosmonauts Alexei Belokonov, Gennady, Mikhailov and Alexei Grachev. By analyzing the signal, they “heared” Mikhailov’s heartbeat in the spacecraft, “captured” Belokonov’s snoring due to lack of oxygen, and discovered Grachev’s conversation with the ground control center. The final part of the call hints at the fate of the astronauts: “The situation is getting worse…why not answer?…speed is falling…the world will never know about us
  ” During the two trials, according to the Italians, three Astronauts all died.
  In September 1960, former Soviet leader Khrushchev led a delegation to the United States to attend the United Nations General Assembly. Former Soviet diplomats vaguely hinted to the outside world that a major event would take place during Khrushchev’s attendance at the UN General Assembly, and its significance was no less than the launch of the first artificial satellite into the sky. People have speculated that the former Soviet Union will launch a spacecraft. But nothing happened, and Khrushchev knocked on the UN podium with his leather shoes and went home quietly. The former Soviet diplomats remained silent, shrugging embarrassingly. Two weeks later, the New York American magazine published an article saying that the rocket carrying astronaut Ivan Kathur exploded during launch. Had that launch been a success, Khrushchev might have put a model of that ship on the UN podium.
  Then came the following reports: On September 27, 1960, the spacecraft of the former Soviet cosmonaut Ivan Katyur crashed during launch at the Baikonur Cosmodrome: in October of the same year, the spacecraft carrying astronaut Peter Dolgov’s “Vostok” spacecraft crashed and exploded.
  The stories of the 11 astronauts in the former Soviet Union continue to be reported by Western media. Most bizarrely, on April 11, 1961, the day before Yuri Gagarin ascended to heaven, the British Soviet-friendly Daily Worker published a briefing from its correspondent in Moscow, Denis Oakden: 4 A few days ago, on April 7, test pilot Vladimir Ilyushin, the son of a famous Soviet aircraft designer, successfully flew around the earth for three times in the spacecraft “Russia”, but the spacecraft was landing. When a malfunction occurred, Ilyushin fell to China. The Chinese leader at the time did not let the wounded hero go back because he wanted to learn all the secrets of spaceflight from Ilyushin. The report caused a sensation around the world, so much so that the 1964 Guinness Book of World Records listed Ilyushin as the first astronaut on Earth.
  On February 23, 1962, the British Reuters broadcast a statement from U.S. Air Force Colonel Barney Oldfield: In May 1960, the spacecraft carrying Soviet cosmonaut Gennady Zavodowski was due to the The system failed and crashed.
  Western media believed that these 11 brave space conquerors were unjustly forgotten due to the propaganda needs of the former Soviet government at the time.
  Since the former Soviet government did not deny the rumors, the above statement gradually spread in the West. What is the truth? After investigation, Alexei Belokonov, Alexei Grachev, Ivan Katyur, Gennady Zavodowski and Gennady · Mikhailov These five people are indeed real people. Although they are no longer alive, their relatives told the truth of the matter in an interview.
  Alexey Belokonov’s son, Alexander Alexievich, recounts: “I was only six years old. Every night, my parents thought I was asleep, so they secretly listened to ‘enemy station’ Radio. I still remember, one night, I heard the news in a melodious female voice from the German radio station Deutsche Radio: Another cosmonaut in the Soviet Union was killed, this time it was the turn of cosmonaut Alexei Bieber. Lokonov, his last words were ‘my oxygen is leaking’. And my father, the ‘sacrificed’ Belokonov, was listening to the radio.” “My father never went Space, although he spent his life working on experiments in aviation and aerospace medicine and technology. He died in 1991. Regarding the West’s respect for him as an ‘astronaut’, he told Komsomolskaya Pravda in the early 1980s Scientific commentator Yaroslav Golovanov said that this is likely to be the credit of the KGB – for drawing the eyes of the West away from the real astronauts.”
  Another “astronaut” Gennady Zha Vodovsky’s wife, Ala Alexeyevna, recalled: “My husband and Katyur, Grachev, Mikhailov and Belokonov were a researcher in aviation and aerospace medicine. Colleagues of the Institute. They are neither scientists nor engineers, but ordinary experimenters. Their job is to sit in a decompression chamber and test the equipment and food of future astronauts. The topic of space flight was very important at that time. , there are often reporters to interview. Because except the experimenter, other designers and astronauts can not be disclosed, so only the names and photos of my husband and his colleagues can often appear in newspapers and periodicals, such as “Spark” Weekly, ” Komsomolskaya Pravda, Moscow Evening News, Izvestia, etc., so the West thinks they are astronauts. When the real manned flight began, Gagarin became a hero, people were not interested in experimenters, their Names disappeared from the press, so Westerners thought they were killed in heaven. In fact, my husband died three years ago and was buried in Moscow.”
  Regarding Vladimir Ilyushin, according to Russian writer and aerospace historian Anton Perushin, he was indeed a famous test pilot in the former Soviet Union in the early 1960s, but he had nothing to do with the space program relation. In June 1960, Ilyushin was involved in a car accident and severely injured his legs. Treated in Moscow for almost a year, with no cure. In order to heal his legs, Ilyushin then went to China to receive treatment from Chinese medicine specialists. In this way, the above-mentioned legend about him emerged.
  Perushin also introduced that another “astronaut” Peter Dolgov, reported by Western media before Gagarin, was indeed killed in a space-related experiment, but the time was not 1960, but 1962. autumn of the year. In order to test the new space suit, Colonel Dolgov jumped from the stratosphere 28.6 kilometers above the ground with a parachute on his back, but his airtight helmet mask ruptured, and he died before landing.
  As for the four “astronauts” mentioned by Italy’s “Continental” news agency who were killed in 1957 – Alexey Ledovsky, Sergey Shibolin, Andrei Mitko Husband and Maria Gromova, who have no records at all in the Department of Defense Archives. According to the Italian “Continental” news agency, the launch time was actually a biological rocket test in the former Soviet Union. Inside the rocket was a puppy, not an astronaut. And, it’s really hard to believe, because in the 1950s, the spacecraft was so rudimentary that even a dog could be suffocated to death.

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