The joys and sorrows of little people

  V.S. Naipaul, a famous British-Indian writer, was born in Trinidad on August 17, 1932 to an Indian family, entered Oxford University in 1950, settled in the UK after graduation, and worked with Rushdie, Ishiguro Kazuo is also known as the “Three Heroes of British Immigrant Literature”. Most of Naipaul’s works describe the living conditions of people in the third world, such as India and Africa, and express the people’s hearts and minds in the post-colonial era. The diverse and complex cultural background makes it wander between the two major cultures of the East and the West. The New York Times Book Review praised him as “the world’s author, language master, and visionary genius of fiction”. Naipaul was awarded the Maugham Prize for Literature (1959), the Booker Prize (1971), and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001.
  Rue Miguel is Naipaul’s debut and his most famous work. His stern and delicate brushwork, humorous and sad mood made him highly praised by well-known writers such as Marquez, Pamuk, Llosa and Alai. In 1959, Naipaul won the Somerset Maugham Prize for this collection of short stories. The novel adopts the child’s perspective of “I”, and shows the stories of the little people living in Miguel Street by recalling what I have seen and heard. Each novel mainly tells the joys, sorrows and sorrows of a character. Although the seventeen novels in the book do not have a coherent plot, they are all related to each other. In seventeen separate and interrelated short stories, we can meet all kinds of little people in Miguel Street. When we connect these seventeen novels together, the Miguel Street carefully constructed by Naipaul appears in our minds, and we can experience the living conditions of the people living at the bottom of Miguel Street. The characters in “Miguel Street” are full and vivid, which makes people think and think more. Behind these reflections, Naipaul’s complex emotions towards these characters are reflected: both sympathetic and critical. Through the description of these characters, Naipaul wrote about the “wandering” and “hopeless” survival plight of the colonized people, and the hidden mental trauma of the colonized people.
  After reading “Miguel Street”, more than ten characters such as Bogart, Haight, Morgan, Manmen, Pop, George, Laura, Edward, Blake Wadsworth, Boler, Bigfoot, etc. come to life The image of the little people has been deeply imprinted in the hearts of readers. These little people living in Miguel Street, known as the ghetto, mostly lived humble and small lives. Their behavior is sometimes eccentric, like Pop who calls himself a carpenter but doesn’t make furniture, like Bihaku who fixes cars all day long, like Blake Wadsworth who writes only one line of poetry a month…I prefer to think , these eccentric behaviors and hobbies are another way for them to realize their “dreams” in their ordinary and trivial lives. Behind the joys and sorrows of these little people, we get a heavier state of mind.
  In “Bogart”, Bogart always seems like a mystery to the people on Miguel Street. He’s a wandering bum and “I” think the most boring person on Miguel Street. He played poker all day, as if life had nothing else to do. Bogart suddenly moved into Miguel Street, left Miguel Street three times without saying goodbye, and returned to Miguel Street three times. “Bogart suddenly disappeared without leaving us a word”, “When Haight and the others forgot about Bogart, or almost forgot, he came back”, “He disappeared again shortly after.” The author did not explain in detail his life and state after leaving Miguel Street in the novel, leaving only a few words, making Bogart more like a mystery. What the novel shows is just a part of Bogart’s wandering life, leaving more blanks for readers to imagine and feel. However, from some details, we can feel the fragile side of Bogart’s heart. From this, we can also feel Bogart’s existence as a wanderer more deeply. Bogart is a rootless wanderer, but deep in his heart he longs for his own belonging.
  The protagonist in “Blake Wadsworth” is Blake Wadsworth, a down-to-earth poet who dreams of writing the world’s greatest poem. Several meetings and conversations between “I” and Blake Wadsworth in the novel outline the time between “I” and Blake Wadsworth from meeting to his death: he wrote a poem a month , dreamed of writing the greatest poem in the world; he made his living singing cripso; he told “me” that he was once in love with a girl, but the girl and their children died. However, before Blake Wadsworth died, he overturned these perceptions. “I told you a story about a young poet and a poetess before, do you remember? That’s not true, I made it up. And those poems and the greatest poems in the world are fake too. .” The image of Blake Wadsworth thus makes people feel more confusing, not knowing which one is the real him. Yet it is this self-contradictory, mystical image full of tension that makes Blake Wadsworth the sad poet all the more remembered.
  In Pyrotechnics, Morgan is like a clown with a ridiculous, lowly ideal: to please everyone in all sorts of funny, stupid ways. However, even this humble ideal cannot be realized. He’s a pyrotechnician, but few people in Rue Miguel use his fireworks; he’s always coming up with new and stupid ideas to amuse everyone, and every time he shows up, he’s trying to make a fool of himself, and once he Knowing that someone was watching him, he danced. He finally fulfilled his “ideal” and really made people laugh, but it came at a high price: being caught by a tall wife for an affair, being severely humiliated in public, making the people of Miguel Street “Still still laughing”; he set fire to his house, fulfilling another wish of his own, making the most spectacular fireworks, but was charged with arson. Morgan is a small person, his various antics are just to get the approval of others (even if this approval is a kind of ridicule), he works hard for his ideals, works hard to realize his own value, and does not hesitate to lose his own in the end. personality and dignity.
  Edward in Until the Soldier Comes is a lost, imitator. During the long-term colonization process, his native cultural memory was erased. He resented and despised Trinidad, and imitated the posture and accent of British and American people. “Edward turned to the Americans through and through. His clothes became more and more American, and he learned to chew gum, and even tried to speak with an American accent. He began to pay attention to his clothes and clothes, he wore necklaces, and he learned from the tennis players, Wrap some cloth around your wrist. It was all the rage among the fashionable youth in Port of Spain at the time.” But Edward’s behavior didn’t end well in the end: his wife went with the American soldier, and he went away sadly. abroad. Some researchers have classified people like Edward as “imitations”. As colonized people, they are eager to enter the colonizer’s world. However, their various actions and all the efforts they put in, ultimately only hurt themselves.
  Naipaul said frankly in the Nobel Prize-winning speech “Two Worlds”: “In order to avoid too much self-reflection, I wrote simplified and popular. I tried to hide the identity of the child’s narrator. I ignored this. The racial and social backgrounds of the streets are complex. I don’t explain anything.” Although Naipaul simplifies many of the narratives, the mental trauma of these colonized people can still be revealed between the lines, and the reader can still feel through the perception of the characters. The sadness and helplessness brought about by this hidden mental trauma. For example, as mentioned above, Edward in “Until the Soldier Comes” blindly imitated others during the colonial rule, lost himself step by step, and ended up with a tragic ending. Another example is the barber Bohler in “Prudence”, after “deception” again and again, he came to his “truth”: never believe what the newspaper says; “CPA Titus Hoyt” Zhongtai Tess Hoyt is a learned person, his career in teaching and cultivating outstanding students is not recognized by everyone, but ridiculed; the humble and funny ideal of Morgan in “The Fireworker”; In “George and His Pink House”, the pink house changes from deserted to lively and then back to deserted, alluding to George’s empty spiritual world.
  Compared with mental trauma, the existential plight of people on Miguel Street seems to be more intuitively displayed in front of readers. Bogart’s wandering and wandering in “Bogart”; Blake’s poor life in “Blake Wadsworth”; Eddos in “Blue Truck” for being able to drive garbage trucks to deliver garbage to the rich Get everyone’s envy; Laura in “Mother’s Nature” sells her body for a living. The poverty of Miguel Street can be found in almost every text. “When a stranger drives through Miguel Street, all they can say is: ‘ghetto'”. However, Miguel Street is just a name, a symbol, just one of the many slums in the Trinidad region. There may be countless “Miguel Streets” in Trinidad: “I found almost six streets called Miguel, but none of them have my house.” The Miguel Street written in the novel The plight of the little people is, in essence, the plight of all the colonized.

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