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A “vocation” lesson for children

  The cultivation of morality must start from materialization, from the experience of morality, and the premise of doing it is moral judgment, so that children should know what is right and what is wrong.
  Dilemma
  In my class, I once told my children a story: “In the city of Blasa, Poland, there was a doctor named Hellmann. He was very skilled and famous. As hard and sharp as his scalpel made of the finest steel.
  ”One night, a thief came to his clinic to steal something, rummaged through the inside, and took the money he found and some precious medicines. When I packed it in my bag and went out, I was so panicked that I knocked down the bottle holder, and then tripped over the oxygen tank and turned upside down, breaking my thigh and lying on the ground unable to get up.
  ”Dr. Hellman heard the moans of the thief, ran downstairs with his assistant, and found him…”
  I stopped and asked the children, “What do you think we should do?” They said, “Call 110 and put The thief handed it over to the police.”
  I said, “That’s the same view as the assistant… But Dr. Hellman disagrees. Can you infer what Dr. Hellman would do?”
  Except for the two children, everyone else in the class All thought the doctor would send the thief to the police station. One of the two children said: “The thief must have been in great pain at the time. My arm was broken. The doctor will definitely give the thief painkillers, educate him, and let him go home after vowing not to steal anything. “The other said: “The doctor will definitely give him a bone graft, but he won’t give him painkillers, let him have a good pain, so that he will no longer dare to steal things from other people’s homes.”
  The whole class started arguing, mainly criticizing the two classmates who thought the thief should be released, saying that their views were wrong, and that if they did bad things and didn’t get him to the police station, there would be more and more wicked people. There are even children who say that they not only sent him to the police station, but also beat him up before sending him off. In reality, this is indeed the case. When everyone sees a thief, they want to beat him up, as if punishing the thief is their duty. Those two children who thought that the doctor would let the thief go, also began to hesitate at this time, because in such an atmosphere, it is difficult for ordinary people to stick to their own opinions.
  I saw that the argument was almost over, so I said: “The idea of ​​handing over the thieves to the police is reasonable. As a citizen, everyone is obliged to turn the caught thieves over to the public security organs, so that they can be punished by the law. Keep everyone safe.” At this time, the child with another viewpoint showed an embarrassed look on his face. I continued: “The idea of ​​​​proposing to treat and release the thief’s classmates moved the teacher because they have the greatest quality of human beings in their hearts – compassion, this thief has done bad things, but now he is a weakling , he is suffering and needs compassion. Both opinions are valid, which should be used?
  ”Look at what Dr. Hellman did, he said, ‘No! The patients in my clinic cannot go out like this. ‘ So, Dr. Hellman carried the thief onto the operating table, operated on him overnight, and put on a plaster bandage. The assistant didn’t understand very much and said: ‘The thief took your belongings, why do you still need to treat him? ‘ Dr. Hellman said: ‘It’s a doctor’s job to save lives, how can I watch an untreated patient leave my clinic? Will my conscience be disturbed in the future? In the operating room, I will always remember my vocation, regardless of personal grievances. ‘
  ”The thief was no longer worried at this time, he thought, this doctor is really good, he can treat me, and he will definitely let me go. Just thinking about it, he saw Dr. Hellman pick up the phone and inform him Police station, let the police take the thief away. When the thief heard it, he was shocked, and he pleaded with the doctor: ‘Benevolent doctor, you have saved me once, I am so grateful, please save me again, don’t put the I’ll take you to the police station!’ The doctor spread his hands and said, ‘Sir, it’s my duty to treat you, but in the case of theft, my scalpel is powerless…'”
  When talking about this, the children in the whole class stopped talking and were quiet for a long time. It can be seen from their expressions that what these little minds received was by no means a general impact, but an earth-shattering shock.
  I put them in a dilemma and let them choose.
  Because of age and experience, children are often unable to make correct judgments between two relative value systems, and adults need help at this time. Group discussion is very important. It gives children the opportunity to fully express their opinions. For example, the advantages and disadvantages of multiple viewpoints can be clearly extracted, which has both inner guidance and rational judgment, allowing them to make comparisons. , learn from each other’s strengths and complement each other’s weaknesses, through differentiation, debate and then integration. If that doesn’t work, you can also use hints to guide you. In other words, adults should appear in the classroom as “judges”.
  Children have a long road in life. I hope that a discussion like this will plant a seed in their hearts. When the right conditions are met, the seed will grow into a big tree.
  Out of the Valley of the Mind
  I went on to make a harder proposition: “One year, the German fascists went to war and occupied the city where Dr. Hellmann lived. The Polish people rose up and shot a Gestapo leader in the chest, making the His life was dying. Because of his serious injuries, none of the doctors in the army could save his life, so the fascists had no choice but to turn to Dr. Hellmann. The Gestapo was so famous in this city because he killed so many people that he didn’t know what to do. How many Poles were killed by his guns. So when he was brought in, the doctor recognized him immediately.”
  I asked, “Just think about it, what will Dr. Hellmann do this time? ”
  At this time, almost all the children raised their hands and said help, they should be saved. I asked, “Why?” They said it was the doctor’s job to save people.
  You see, this is parrot learning. The child’s judgment may be influenced by the previous instance. If they can’t implement it in their hearts, if they really become doctors, when they encounter this situation, it is very likely that their behavior and thinking will not be unified. Therefore, educators should not only cultivate their temperament by providing the educated with model essays about the beauty of morality, and cultivate their temperament in a large number of readings, but also propose propositions about morality, so that they can establish correct moral concepts through repeated discussions, and finally achieve Materialized goals.
  I said, he was a fascist who killed so many people. The children said: “Heilman said that as a doctor, he will always remember his own duty in the operating room, and will not care about personal grievances.”
  I said: “Yes, Dr. Hellman promised to save him. He He started to wash his hands, shave his face, and put on the best suit that is only worn on important occasions, with a brand new white coat over the suit, and let all the assistants and nurses leave. He said he wanted to rescue the patient by himself.
  ”Everything was ready, Dr. Hellman took out the largest scalpel, held it high, and stabbed it into the heart of the Gestapo…”
  Another interpretation of “vocation” The
  children were amazed, they did not I understand, a doctor who regards saving lives as his duty, even if a thief steals his property, he can save him, but he would act like this!
  My trap has led them to the “dead road” of thinking, only in this way can it really shock The role of the mind. I just want them to understand that in reality, moral choices can’t be rigid without losing the inner yardstick.
  I said, “Let’s hear what Dr. Hellman has to say in court. When the Germans interrogated him, saying that his actions had stained the scalpel, he replied: ‘I don’t have it, my scalpel is in the right place. ‘ The German said: ‘Have you forgotten the vocation of a doctor? ‘ Hellman said: ‘I have not forgotten, here, the elimination of fascism is my highest duty! ‘”
  Dr. Hellman used his actual actions to inject another interpretation into the word “vocation”. At this time, a child said: “If this German is not killed, he will kill more people. of. ”
  I said, “Yes, Dr. Hellman is trying to save more lives. Dr. Hellman is dead, but suddenly the words ‘vocation’ are plastered all over the streets of the city. Without any explanation, everyone Knowing what these two words mean, it became a slogan with great appeal, inspiring people to fight stubbornly against German fascism…”

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