As one of the most important economic cooperation forums in the world, the G20 summit has a great influence on the whole world, and the place where the summit is held every year will also become the focus of global attention. On the other hand, the G20 summit is not only an international dialogue, but also a stage for member states to present themselves to the world. As a result, more and more countries no longer choose to host the G20 summit in the political center or economic center, but often hold it in tourist cities or seaside towns. For example, the G20 summit held in Mexico in 2012 was located in the seaside town of Los Cabos, and the G20 summit held in my country in 2016 was not held in the previous “conference cities” Beijing or Shanghai, but in the scenic area. Picturesque Hangzhou. On the one hand, this choice can show the beauty and culture of the country to the world, and on the other hand, it can also attract people from all over the world to come here for tourism experience, which can be said to kill two birds with one stone. As a travel enthusiast, it is also a good idea to travel in the footsteps of the G20.
Cannes: more than just a film festival
In 1939, in order to fight against the Venice International Film Festival controlled by the Italian fascist government at that time, France decided to establish its own international film festival, but with the outbreak of World War II that year, all preparations stopped. After World War II, on September 20, 1946, France decided to hold the film festival in the southern tourist resort of Cannes. This is now one of the largest and most important film festivals in the world – the Cannes International Film Festival. Since its inception, the Cannes International Film Festival has repeatedly competed secretly with the “Venice International Film Festival”, which is also a European film event. In order to be earlier than the Venice International Film Festival in time, the Cannes International Film Festival has been advanced to May months, and continues to this day. With the increasing popularity, the film festival has almost become the business card of the city of Cannes. Every May, film and television stars and tourists from all over the world gather in Cannes. Some people hope to witness their favorite stars, some hope to enjoy excellent movies, and some want to experience movies. festival atmosphere. Tourists throng the Croisette in Cannes and the Palais des Festivals in Cannes. In fact, as an old tourist destination in the south of France, Cannes has more than just a film festival. This seaside town itself also has endless “treasures”.
In BC, Cannes, a small fishing village close to the Mediterranean Sea, already had signs of human activity. Although the terrain in Cannes is flat, the north side near the southern foot of the Alps is still dominated by hills, which is why the city of Cannes got its name. In Ligurian, “Cannes” means “highland”, and the earliest record is in the notes of Leyland Abbey, where it appears as “highland port”. However, in the long history, Cannes has always been an ordinary small fishing village on the Mediterranean coast, and it is a fief of Leyland Abbey. After being controlled by the monastery for hundreds of years, Cannes gradually became an independent town. The unique geographical location made Spain and the United Kingdom try to get involved here, but they did not succeed. Until the 19th century, Cannes ushered in a turning point in its fate.
Although it is a French city, the change of fate in Cannes is indeed thanks to an Englishman. With the development of transportation, many nobles from the cold northern regions began to come to the Mediterranean coast to spend the winter. In 1834, the British aristocratic statesman Henry Peter Brougham went to Italy for the winter with other nobles, but was stranded in Cannes due to the cholera epidemic in Nice. During his stay, he was pleasantly surprised to find that the town had a beautiful scenery, not inferior to his destination Italy, so he decided not to go any further, bought land here and built his own villa and other facilities. Brougham had a strong influence in the European upper class at the time, and his decision aroused the curiosity of the entire European upper class. Why did he choose this little-known small fishing village? So celebrities came here one after another to find out, and these celebrities were attracted by the warm and pleasant climate and beautiful scenery of Cannes. It gradually became the first choice for European celebrities at that time for their winter vacation. The famous writer Hugo, the painter Picasso, and even Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom all came here. The luxury life of celebrities in Cannes gradually drives the development here. Cannes has gradually become a city from a small coastal fishing village. Now The old town of the city was born at that time.
The coast of Cannes is piled up with white stones, and you can come to the white sandy beach along the path, embracing the blue Mediterranean Sea intimately, and the combination of blue and white is extraordinarily pure. The goal of many people coming here is the beach. Passing by the pier full of expensive yachts, you can come to the Cannes Festival Palace, where you can feel the brilliance of stars on the red carpet and the warm atmosphere of the film festival. Walking north along the Palais des Festivals, not far away is the old town of Cannes. The old town of Cannes is the origin and cradle of this town. The ancient buildings and narrow streets make tourists who have just experienced the vastness of the sea and the sky instantly feel like stepping into the gate of time, as if they were in a medieval city-state hundreds of years ago. Some people come to Cannes specially in time for the film festival for “noise”, while others avoid the film festival and come to Cannes for “quietness”. In fact, it is not absolutely quiet. There are one after another in the old city Restaurants, coffee kiosks, dessert shops, and small shops selling various handicrafts and artworks. People communicate, visit, and relax here, but they are not noisy. It seems that in the old town of Cannes, elegance, casualness and leisure have already penetrated in every brick wall.
The old town of Cannes is called the Sooke area, which was built on the Sooke Mountain. In fact, it is more appropriate to say that it is a hill. If the French are more romantic and lazy, the Cannes people are even more so. In the old town in the morning, there are almost no people, and most of the shops are not open. Basically, tourists take pictures on the winding streets and intricate steps, and record the old houses and unique French balconies on the camera. among. Around 13:00 in the afternoon, the number of talents in the old city gradually increased, and the restaurants and cafes also became lively. The more popular dish is French duck confit, which is soft and glutinous, which is very suitable for the appetite of oriental people. But no matter how delicious the food is, don’t eat too much, because there are also large and small dessert shops here. Since it is in France, of course, there are all kinds of macarons. Come here and bid farewell to the weight loss plan!
Walking westward along the old town, you can see an upward stone road, which leads to Sooke Mountain. On the top of Sooke Mountain is the Church of Our Lady of Esperance, the high point of Cannes. In fact, the bell tower of this church can be seen from the seaside in Cannes. Although modern clocks have been replaced on all sides of the clock tower, the former bronze clock can still be seen through the top window. The Church of Our Lady of Esperance was built in 1648. It is a Gothic building with a strong Provence style. This church built on a high point is more like a small castle. The high stone walls are more than enough to resist foreign enemies. The wood paneling inside the church is a major feature here, which was considered a very advanced craft in the era when the church was built. There are also many 19th-century paintings and murals in the church, and there is an exhibition hall that collects musical instruments from all over the world. But compared to these collections, there is something more worth admiring, that is the panorama of Cannes. The tower of the church is the best place to enjoy the panoramic view of Cannes, but because of its long history, if it catches a day with too much wind, the administrator will close the tower for safety reasons. Going up the tower, the iron stairs are very steep. It is said that the stairs here were made of stone in the past, and they are much more dangerous than they are now. Thinking about the monks climbing up tremblingly with lamps and candles at that time, it is a little frightening. Climbing to the top, you can have a sweeping view of the beautiful scenery of Cannes. The curved coastline is bordered by a circle of white sandy beaches, like a thin necklace. You can clearly see different blues in the Mediterranean Sea, which are connected to the sky from shallow to deep. There are no bright stars of film and television stars, no noisy red carpets and streets. Just like this, you can enjoy the tranquility of Cannes and the peace of the Mediterranean from this ancient tower. Perhaps it is the most beautiful side of Cannes in many people’s minds.
With its paradise lagoon, Saint-Honora is one of the jewels of the Côte d’Azur.
A view inside the fortress of St. Margaret’s Island.
A still from the 1939 film The Man in the Iron Mask.
Fortifications of St. Margaret Island.
The Mystery of the “Man in the Iron Mask” on the Island
Looking from Notre-Dame de Esperance, you can not only see the panorama of Cannes, but also the two offshore islands of Cannes. . The two islands are separated by a narrow strait. Although these two islands are small in size, they are very famous. Saint-Honora is a small island with a very strong religious atmosphere. It used to be the religious center of Provence. Onora Island. Leyland Abbey is in the south of the island and is the oldest and most magnificent church on the island. The periphery and gardens of the monastery are full of lush vegetation and flowers, the most of which are palm trees, because the emblem of Leyland Abbey is the palm leaf. It is said that a saint climbed a palm tree to wash the island with sea water and drive away the poisonous insects and snakes that poisoned the island, so the palm leaf became a symbol of pride and victory. Gradually, the palm leaf changed from the emblem of Leyrin Abbey to the city emblem of Cannes, and now it has become the “Palme d’Or” of the world-famous Cannes International Film Festival.
Further south of the Leyland Abbey is the Castle of St. Honora. This castle looks like a fortification at first glance. It is square and has almost no windows. It is located by the sea. In addition to Leyland Abbey, there are 6 churches on Saint-Honora Island, although small in scale, they are very delicate. For example, the “Trinity Monastery” in the east: the monastery made of crushed stones is like a mushroom house in a painting, the walls are spliced together with square and round shapes, and the small dome on three floors is very cute. A monastery with the same long history is hidden in the dense woods, like a hut in a fairy tale, and it is even doubtful whether the seven dwarfs will come out of it. It’s just that it’s not easy to visit the entire island. In order to maintain an almost primitive atmosphere, camping and cycling are prohibited on the island, and it takes half a day to walk around the island.
The island of St. Marguerite is less religious, but more famous, because the island is related to one of the most famous unsolved cases in French history, which is “The Man in the Iron Mask”. It is said that the islands of St. Honora and St. Margaret are named after the two brothers and sisters of the saints who built monasteries on the two islands respectively. However, compared with the island of St. Honora, which has a strong religious atmosphere, St. Tokushima seems to be a lot more chilling. It was built into a huge fort long ago. St. Marguerite’s Island is much larger than St. Honora’s. Fortress fortress. The fortress is built on a steep cliff, and the watchtowers, watchtowers, and cannons are all facing the direction of Cannes. Obviously, the threats in history mainly come from land. The neat rows of barracks can also make people feel the size of the army here at that time. . In the Middle Ages, though, the military fort on St. Margaret Island had a less inglorious purpose, that of exiling prostitutes. The famous French writer Dumas wrote in “La Traviata”: “Unfortunately, Dad, the Margaret Island where the prostitutes were exiled is gone, and even if it still exists, if you can send her there , I will also go with Mademoiselle Gautier…” In addition to exiling prostitutes, this fortress also served as a prison for a long time in the Middle Ages. On July 14, 1789, the French Revolution broke out, and angry Parisians destroyed the Bastille. People found a line of writing at the entrance of the prison, which read: Prisoner number 64389000, “The Man in the Iron Mask”. People don’t know the identity of “The Man in the Iron Mask”, but his story has already spread in France.
In 1661, the newly pro-government French King Louis XIV imprisoned a mysterious prisoner in St. Marguerite’s prison. The French writer Voltaire once recorded in “The Times of Louis XIV”: In 1661, a tall man A young, beautiful, and elegant unknown prisoner was escorted to a castle on St. Margaret Island under strict surveillance. His head was covered with a special iron mask, with only his eyes, nose and mouth exposed. He was fed and breathed outside, and he was locked alone in a cell that no one could get close to. The thick walls and windows prevented people outside from hearing the sound inside. Send it in person, and no one else can enter the cell. If the “man in the iron mask” speaks, don’t agree to anything, and must report it in time. It is forbidden to say anything to the “man in the iron mask” privately, and if you violate the regulations, you will be sentenced to death. The “Man in the Iron Mask” was imprisoned in the prison on the Isle of Sainte-Marguerite for 8 years before being transferred to the Bastille.
The identity of the “man in the iron mask” has aroused everyone’s interest. Who is he? There are different opinions about his identity. Some people say that he is the biological father of Louis XIV: Many people think that Louis XIV is the illegitimate son of the French queen and her lover, and the biological father often blackmailed him after Louis XIV ascended the throne, so he was imprisoned. Others say that the “man in the iron mask” is Fouquet, the Minister of Finance: he should have been sentenced to death because of his corruption and aroused public anger, but Louis XIV found a death row prisoner to transfer him because of his corruption, and Fouquet was imprisoned for a long time . Another theory is the most famous, that is, the “man in the iron mask” is the twin brother of Louis XIV: because he was worried that the twin brother would rob him of the throne, he was imprisoned. This story is based on the novel “The Viscount of Blagerona” by the famous French writer Alexandre Dumas. It is estimated that the mystery of the identity of the “man in the iron mask” also aroused Alexandre Dumas’s interest, so he created a novel to express his thoughts . Who knew that the influence of the great writer made this story believed to be true, and it was made into a movie by a British film company in 1929, which caused a great sensation at the time, and many later stories about “The Man in the Iron Mask” were based on Adapted from a novel by Alexandre Dumas. But until today, the identity of the “Man in the Iron Mask” is still a mystery, and this mystery has made the “Man in the Iron Mask” more and more famous. Nowadays, on Margaret Island, many tourists come here to see what the prison where the “man in the iron mask” was once held was like. Many museums of ancient shipwreck artifacts are much higher.
Antalya: the ruts of history
In 2015, the G20 summit was held in Antalya, a coastal city in Turkey. In the past, most people only heard of Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey. Antalya is a bit like a “little transparent” in China. However, from an international perspective, Antalya is the most popular city in Turkey for foreign tourists. In 2014, Antalya became the city that received the most tourists in Turkey, and ranked third among the most popular tourist cities in the world. It is no wonder that Turkey will use Antalya as its national business card and display it through the G20 summit to the world.
Antalya is located in the green coastal plain of Antalya Bay and was founded in the 2nd century AD. Perhaps this city was born for beauty, with the beautiful Konyaat Beach to the east, the endless Lara Beach to the west, the clear Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the lush Taurus Mountains to the north. During the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) and the Ottoman Empire, Antalya was one of the most important ports in the Eastern Mediterranean. The climate here is also very good, typical Mediterranean climate, but not so rainy in winter, about 300 days a year are sunny. Such unique natural conditions make Antalya a place that people yearn for no matter what period in history. Like many ancient cities, Antalya is also divided into the old city and the new city. The new city is mainly based on industry, and modern life dominates. The old town is just like a thousand years ago, letting people immerse themselves in the lazy and leisurely sunshine and do not want to leave.
The old town of Antalya has two entrances, one entrance is the Roman seaport by the sea, this seaport used to be one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean Sea, and now almost all the functions of freight have been transferred to other places, and the Roman seaport has become the most important port in Turkey. The popular marina, in addition to some luxurious private yachts, there are also many cruise ships with exaggerated decorations moored here, most of them are decorated to look like pirate ships, and some have their bows shaped like Captain Octopus in the movie “Pirates of the Caribbean” Some of them are carved with models of pirates on the hull, and the ship owners use these exaggerated decorations to attract tourists to go out to sea. Next to the Roman harbor are towering walls and cliffs, and only one stone step can enter the city. It was definitely a fortress that was easy to defend and difficult to attack in ancient times. The buildings in the old town are mainly in the style of the Ottoman Empire. Most of them are small buildings with two or three floors. However, there are basically no residential houses, and most of them have been transformed into hotels and coffee houses.
Antalya is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, surrounded by countless mountains, rows of palm trees form a boulevard, and has a very beautiful and historic pier. The port in Rome is often full of people, both tourists and locals, sitting on the embankment and waiting for the sunset.
If you use one word to sum up the streets of the old city, it would be “circling”. The narrow and long streets are winding and mixed. From time to time, there is a ladder that takes you up or down. It is definitely a three-dimensional traffic. Although I am amazed at the ancient skillful craftsmen who built the city so beautifully, I can’t help but secretly complain that it’s too easy to get lost here. Fortunately, the old city is very small, even if you go around a few times, you won’t have to go far. And there is also a conspicuous landmark in the old city, that is, the Evli Tower. This 38-meter-high tower is naturally nothing compared to the current buildings, but it is absolutely outstanding in the old city of Antalya. In ancient times, it can even be used as a lighthouse. If you get lost in the old city, you can quickly locate it by looking up and seeing where the Evretta is. Next to the Evli Tower is the Evli Mosque, which used to be a church during the Byzantine Empire. It was converted into a mosque in 1373, but similar to the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, the reconstruction here has not completely erased the history. As the traces of the church, in some places it was directly replaced with the supplies of the mosque. There seems to be a small bazaar (bazaar) inside the Efuli Mosque, mainly selling ethnic ornaments and handicrafts. In the old town of Antalya, in addition to restaurants and coffee shops, handicraft shops account for a large proportion, and the most are pipes carved from meerschaum. The local specialty meerschaum has attracted many craftsmen. In this small shop selling meerschaum pipes here, no matter the elderly or children, it seems that they can carve meerschaum into various exquisite pipes. It seems that the craftsmanship should be passed down from generation to generation.
Compared with some other lazy ancient cities, Antalya wakes up earlier, many small shops open early in the morning, craftsmen put handicrafts on the window, and then drink Turkish black tea at the door of the shop while carving Working on handicrafts, occasionally taking time to chat with neighbors or tourists, in the winding and narrow alleys, this scene is full of life. Antalya’s old town is very small, and it takes a short walk from the port to another entrance to the town, the famous Hadrian’s Gate. Hadrian’s Gate is a triumphal arch in the Roman era, built by the Roman emperor Hadrian. Turkey’s thousand-year history with the Roman Empire has left many parts of the country full of traces of the Roman era, and Hadrian’s Gate in Antalya is no exception.
Compared with the famous Hadrian’s Gate in Greece, the Hadrian’s Gate in Antalya is much more exquisite and well preserved. It may be one of the best preserved Hadrian’s Gates. This three-arched gate has both the functions of a city gate and a monument. The exquisite arch is still strong after thousands of years. Looking up, the top is divided into many small squares, and each square is engraved with exquisite carvings. Although there are many historical mottles left on the city gate, the entire Hadrian’s Gate is still very gorgeous. The carvings on the city gate tell the story of thousands of years of history and the pride of the great Roman Empire. In the Roman period, the two sides of the three arches were used for pedestrians to enter and exit, while the middle was reserved for vehicles, resulting in two deep ruts on the road in the middle of the city gate. It is conceivable that Antalya in history was What prosperity, how many vehicles, how much time has passed, to leave such a mark on solid stone. There are two tall fortresses on both sides of Hadrian’s Gate, which should be the sentry posts of the city gate, but now there are no soldiers stationed there. Visitors can climb the tower on the right to have a glimpse of the old city. Walking out of the old city from Hadrian’s Gate, it is a wide modern street, full of traffic and bustle, but there are many water tanks built in Roman times on the side of the road near the old city. The Roman Empire’s love for water is well-deserved, and now these water tanks The side is full of trees and flowers, and the lush plants set off against this thousand-year-old city. Perhaps the original builders will be very pleased to see that their hard work has been preserved so well and decorated so beautifully.
Antalya’s old town may be a bit narrow, but after passing through a few winding alleys, you will come to a huge park that suddenly opens up – Kara Ariolu Park, which is the largest park in Antalya and is also the largest park in Antalya. The most famous park. Since the park is open for free, citizens and tourists in Antalya like to come here for a walk and rest. There are countless buildings in the park, some of which are still standing after thousands of years of wind and rain, and some of which were built later, full of modern style. Although the architectural styles are different, the past and the present blend and complement each other here. It looks abrupt. Some novel sculptures have also become a paradise for children. Children who are naturally active climb up and down the sculptures, enjoying a carefree childhood.
Going south along the park, you can come to the seaside, where there is no beach, but rocky cliffs. In order to protect the safety of tourists, the park has built low stone walls. These low walls have become the favorite of lovers. You can often see couples sitting on the stone walls, looking at the sea and talking about love. This is really true. A veritable pledge of eternal love. The most eye-catching building by the sea is an abandoned blockhouse. On the huge square base, the cylindrical blockhouse looks full of deterrence. The Turkish flag is flying on the abandoned blockhouse. On the right side is the Roman harbor and coastline, and on the other side are majestic mountains. Overlooking the sea, you can faintly see Cyprus on the other side of the Mediterranean Sea when the weather is clear.
Hadrian’s Gate in Antalya.
Kara Ariolu Park is located in the south of Antalya city, standing on the cliff of the park overlooking the entire Antalya port.
The architecture of the ancient city of Antalya inherits the style of red roof and white wall.
If Antalya is elegant and leisurely during the day, then the old city exudes modern charm at night. Tourists gather in open-air bars, adding some hustle and joy to this seaside town, even hiding during the day The kittens who don’t want to go out will also come out to join in the fun, acting like a baby next to the tourists, rubbing their legs, and if they are lucky, they may be able to get some grilled fish from some tourists and have a full meal. It’s no wonder that this warm and cheerful scene makes people linger. Antalya receives nearly 15 million tourists every year, and many tourists choose to stay here after visiting here, and some even settle here. The Russians love Antalya the most. The number of tourists and settlers ranks first. Some people jokingly say that Russians regard Antalya as their second hometown, just as Sanya is the second hometown of Northeast people.
This year’s G20 summit was held in Indonesia, and Indonesia also chose the world-famous resort of Bali for the meeting, hoping to use this as a “stimulant” for the post-epidemic tourism market. In the past, people said that Bali is “a first-class hotel, a second-rate beach, and a third-rate scenic spot”. After a period of retreat, what kind of attitude can Bali show to the world? We will wait and see.