How to tell if your child has ADHD
Due to their high energy, children are often lively and active, and have a strong interest in things around them, which is normal. However, there are also a small number of children who are too energetic, unable to control their behavior, inattentive in doing things, accompanied by low learning ability, cognitive impairment, etc., which may be the manifestation of ADHD. ADHD is a common disease that affects children’s normal growth and development. If it is not diagnosed and prevented in time, it will seriously affect children’s learning and physical and mental development. How can I tell if my child has ADHD? And how to carry out effective treatment? In the following, these two issues will be elaborated and studied.
How to judge whether a child has
? At present, the incidence rate of ADHD in my country has reached 7% or even higher, and the incidence rate of boys is 3 to 4 times that of girls. Some children with ADHD who have not been treated in time will have symptoms that will continue into adulthood, and they are prone to nervous system dysfunction and psychological disorders.
Types of ADHD
In clinical medicine, ADHD mainly includes the following three types, which are hyperactive-impulsive ADHD, attention-deficit ADHD, and comprehensive ADHD. Hyperactive and impulsive ADHD mainly refers to children who cannot sit for a long time, cannot keep quiet for a long time, and have a strong desire to express, etc., often appear in class to rush to answer, move around, talk too much, and cannot communicate normally; The main manifestations are completely different. The children will be unable to concentrate, forgetful, careless, and unable to learn independently; the combined ADHD belongs to the combination of the first two types of ADHD, that is, the clinical manifestations of the first two types of ADHD are different from those of the combined ADHD patients. Appears on all children.
for ADHD Nowadays, there are many methods and techniques for diagnosing ADHD, among which the following methods are very effective:
(1) Pathological collection and diagnosis. By using the scale to comprehensively evaluate the daily behavior and self-condition of children with suspected ADHD, and combining the evaluation results with the physical examination results, the probability of children suffering from ADHD can be effectively evaluated. The case collection diagnostic method has a relatively high accuracy, so it has become a commonly used diagnostic method for ADHD in clinical medicine.
(2) Psychological and behavioral testing diagnostic method. Since ADHD is a neurological disease and a psychological disease, the probability of suffering from ADHD is assessed by testing the child’s psychological behavior and analyzing his psychological situation and emotional characteristics.
(3) Laboratory inspection method. Mainly use various detection equipment to detect the brain and nervous system of children with suspected ADHD to determine whether there are abnormalities, such as brain electrophysiological examination, brain CT, nuclear magnetic resonance examination, acetylcholine intradermal test, etc.
How to treat ADHD
mainly refers to teaching children with ADHD in accordance with their aptitude through the special education of professionals, so as to improve their physical and mental conditions. In general, psychotherapy focuses on children with ADHD. Professionals can encourage children with ADHD to help them recognize and improve existing inattention problems; at the same time, they can also cultivate the interests and hobbies of children with ADHD so that they can better concentrate and reduce attention. defect problem. In addition to psychotherapy, family help and guidance is also one of the important measures to improve ADHD. Parents are the closest people to children with ADHD, and children with ADHD will also have a stronger sense of trust in parents. Parents need to accompany the child, create a good environment for growth, and reduce the generation of disharmonious voices in the family; do not use insults, physical punishment and other behaviors to discipline the child, so that they can feel the warmth of the family and improve gradually ADHD phenomenon.
ADHD can be intervened by drug therapy, for example, some prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in our country have very good therapeutic effects. In traditional Chinese medicine, ADHD is mainly attributed to “forgetful” and “restless” types. In TCM syndrome differentiation, it is a disease of kidney deficiency and liver hyperactivity. The treatment of such diseases is mainly carried out by nourishing the kidneys and calming the anger of the liver. Therefore, children with ADHD can be treated with Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Guipi Decoction. Among them, Guipi Decoction contains astragalus, Atractylodes macrocephala, Poria cocos, coix seed, white peony, calamus and other traditional Chinese medicinal materials, which can nourish the spleen of children with ADHD, improve spleen function, and relieve ADHD. In addition to Chinese herbal medicines, Western medicine can also have a very good therapeutic effect on ADHD. Clinically commonly used drugs mainly include psychostimulant drugs, antidepressant drugs and receptor agonist drugs, such as Ritalin, pemoline, fluoxetine, nortriptyline, clonidine, etc., which can treat children with ADHD. The nervous system has a certain inhibitory effect. However, in the actual use of western medicine, the dose needs to be strictly controlled. If it is used improperly, it will cause certain damage to the brain of the child. External treatment The external treatment
is one of the commonly used clinical treatment methods in traditional Chinese medicine. It mainly uses acupuncture, massage and other methods to regulate the body functions of children with ADHD, so as to improve the effect of ADHD.
The acupoints selected for the treatment of ADHD are mostly mild Taichong, Dazhui, Quchi and Shenshu points, which can improve the brain dysfunction of children with ADHD. It is necessary to pay attention to the use of external treatment methods. Since most patients with ADHD are relatively young, the degree of cooperation with external treatment methods is often relatively low. It is necessary for the treatment personnel to control the intensity as much as possible during the implementation process to prevent children with ADHD from causing excessive pain. Fear, resistance. During the treatment process, children with ADHD should be comforted at any time to ensure the smooth completion of the treatment.
ADHD is a common disease in children, which will have a very large adverse effect on children’s growth. Because many children with ADHD have not received timely and effective treatment, their symptoms continue into adulthood, and their mental health and nervous system function are seriously damaged. Therefore, parents and schools should pay attention to the disease, strengthen the attention and monitoring of children with suspected ADHD, and ensure timely diagnosis and treatment.