Recently, the British “Guardian” released ten major scientific advances in 2022 selected by ten scientists. Among them, China’s inhaled new crown vaccine and the use of artificial intelligence to discover antibiotics were selected.
Inhaled vaccines induce mucosal immunity and may provide long-term protection against respiratory viruses, the report said. For people with “needle phobia”, this type of vaccine is more attractive. If these new crown vaccines work as expected, the annual booster shots will soon be a thing of the past. In addition, antimicrobial drug resistance is listed by the World Health Organization as one of the top ten public health threats facing mankind. Antimicrobial peptides are recognized alternatives to traditional antibiotics because they are less likely to trigger drug resistance, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences used machine learning techniques to identify antimicrobial peptides encoded by human gut microbial genome sequences.
According to reports, the other eight major scientific advances selected are: “Double Asteroid Redirection Test” to intercept asteroids and Orion missions, promote global equal access to early disaster warnings, important progress in the treatment of sickle cell disease, understanding prime numbers in the field of mathematics Advances in research on structures, new technologies that change cell biomechanics research, quantum entanglement, companies’ vision of “nature is better” and progress in battery fast charging technology.
Chinese Chicken Head Pot Unearthed From Thousand-Year Royal Tombs in South Korea
Recently, according to Yonhap News Agency, a Chinese celadon cultural relic unearthed from the Seokchon-dong ancient tombs in Seoul, the capital of South Korea, has aroused public attention.
According to reports, the ancient tombs of Shicundong were built in the Baekje period of the Three Kingdoms period of Korea. They have a history of thousands of years and are considered to be a royal tomb. The Chinese celadon unearthed this time is a black glazed chicken head pot. The Baekje Museum in Seoul, South Korea stated that the black-glazed chicken head pot excavated this time is very well preserved, witnessing the history of exchanges between the Baekje ruling class and China, and is also a precious historical material for studying the funeral culture of Baekje.
It is understood that the chicken head pot is one of the main shapes of early porcelain in the north and south of China. It first appeared in the end of the Three Kingdoms period and was popular in the Jin Dynasty to Sui Dynasty. It got its name because of the plastic chicken head on the shoulder of the pot. At first, the chicken head of the chicken head pot was solid, and it was a kind of sacrificial vessel. Later, it evolved into a practical vessel with a chicken head that can pass through water, and a dragon-shaped handle for the tail. Most of them are water containers or wine containers. The appearance of the chicken head pot is related to the cultural phenomenon of worshiping the chicken since ancient times in our country. The chicken is the mascot of the ancients, and it is often given the meaning of auspiciousness and tranquility by people. In the Tang Dynasty, the chicken head pot was gradually replaced by the holding pot and faded out of the historical stage.
The United Nations predicts that India will become the most populous country in the world by mid-April 2023
Recently, according to CNN, the United Nations predicts that India’s population will surpass that of China in mid-April 2023, becoming the world’s most populous country.
Since independence in 1947, India’s population has grown by more than one billion people. India’s population is expected to reach 1.64 billion by 2050. The report also believes that India is unlikely to experience another population explosion, because India’s fertility rate has declined continuously in recent decades, from 5.7 children per woman in 1950 to two children per woman today. .
According to the BBC, one-fifth of the world’s population under the age of 25 is from India, and 47% of Indians are under the age of 25. Some economists wrote that Indians will become the world’s largest talent pool. But demographics also pose challenges for India. India, for example, needs to create more jobs for its young workforce. According to data from the Indian Economic Monitoring Center, only 40% of India’s working-age population is working. As women have less time to bear and care for children, more Indian women need to work. But data show that only 10 percent of women of working age in India are in the labor force, compared with 69 percent in China.
Stanford University releases guidelines for ‘harmful language’
Recently, Stanford University published a “harmful language” guide, which plans to remove these words from the school’s website and computer code, and provides alternative terms.
In this guide, some common words such as American (American, American), survivor (survivor), victim (victim), immigrant (immigrant) are listed as harmful terms or terms that are not recommended for use. At the same time, Stanford University recommends that you use the US citizen (American citizen) instead of the word “American” to mean “American”. According to Stanford University, American usually only refers to people from the United States, implying that the United States is the most important country in the Americas, but in fact the Americas consists of 42 countries, so it is an imprecise language. It is recommended that Americans not use this word to refer to themselves, so as not to Belittle the rest of the Americas.
It is understood that in 2022, Stanford University launched the “Elimination of Harmful Language Initiative” project, the goal is to eliminate “multiple forms of harmful language” in the school’s website and code, including “racist, violent and prejudiced language.” The project aims to help people recognize the potentially harmful language they use.
Japanese Doge emoticon prototype Shiba Inu is critically ill, attracting the attention of netizens
Recently, according to a report by CNN, Kabosu, the prototype of the very popular emoji “Doge” on the Internet, is in critical condition.
The 17-year-old Shiba Inu stopped eating or drinking on Christmas Eve and was diagnosed with acute hepatic cholangitis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, according to social media posts by Kabosu owner Atsuko Sato. . Since then, although Kabosu has regained his appetite, his activity level has decreased and his movements have become sluggish. After the news came out, netizens from various countries under Sato Atsuko’s social account left messages one after another, hoping that she will recover soon.
According to reports, Kabosu was originally a stray dog, born in 2005 and adopted by Atsuko Sato in 2008. In 2010, after Sato uploaded a photo of Kabosu to the Internet, it immediately became popular all over the world. Netizens made its expressions into various emoticons and dubbed it the proper noun “Doge”. Even the early cryptocurrency “Dogecoin” (Dogecoin) was created based on the image of “Doge” on the Internet. Atsuko Sato said in the latest post that Kabosu’s situation has improved, and she is grateful for everyone’s prayers and blessings to Kabosu.
Uruguayans struggle to save horses from foreign tables
Recently, according to Agence France-Presse, in order to save the horses that will be slaughtered, Uruguayan people and local organizations spontaneously came to slaughterhouses or farms, bought those horses that were about to be slaughtered, and found new homes for them.
It is understood that Uruguay, located in South America, has a total population of only 3.5 million, but has 500,000 horses. These horses are usually used for racing, other sports or labor, but once they are injured or old, they can no longer be taken care of by their owners, and their fate is likely to be sent to slaughterhouses.
While eating horsemeat is sacrilege for many Uruguayans, it is a tacit fact that it is sold abroad. According to Uruguay’s National Meat Institute, 58,000 horses will be slaughtered in the country in 2021, a 61% increase from 2020. In 2020, Uruguay will become the seventh largest horsemeat exporter in the world. In 2021, Uruguay’s horsemeat exports will reach US$28.8 million, and the export volume will continue to increase this year.