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Live steadily until the age of 30 and then self-exile for a lifetime

  Those who had known the name Mavis Garland for a long time found it hard not to associate her with Alice Munro. Both of them are Canadian female writers, but they are opposite in every way except for this point: Monroe stayed in Ontario all his life, observing people and things in the small town; Garland was born in Montreal, the largest city in Quebec, and then went into self-imposed exile. , Seriously want to be a person who makes his home around the world. When he was ten years old, Garland’s father died and his mother remarried. In eight years, he changed seventeen high schools before finally graduating in New York. At the age of 18, she returned to Montreal and worked as a reporter for a long-defunct newspaper “Standard” for several years, during which time she interviewed French cultural celebrities such as Jean-Paul Sartre; At the age of 10, she arranged for her future life: she moved to France and started wandering the world from there. Mavis Garland did what many writers dream of: supporting herself with words; but she also lost a lot, for example, after a divorce, she no longer had a husband.
  No matter how you look at it, Garland is a nomad. The only thing that can be called stable is the language—she lives in the French-speaking world and insists on writing in English; the second is that she is a long-term contributor to The New Yorker. People, the most famous cultural publication in the English-speaking world has truly supported many outstanding literati. Judging from the collection of short stories “Colorful Exile”, Garland is writing the kind of novels that “The New Yorker” prefers: with autobiographical and memory colors, putting individuals in the background of an era, while commenting, While laying out the plot that is hardly a plot. Lynette Muir, the main character in the novel, is the fictional embodiment of Garland himself, so you can almost believe that every sentence or inner monologue of Lynette is what Garlan himself wants to say: she has great The enthusiasm, let readers understand her status and feelings.
  Jialan is not the kind of person who travels because she has no love. When she was young, she was so beautiful. The most famous photo is sitting in front of a typewriter, laughing as the glacier melts and the earth thaws. But she doesn’t seem to want to be imprisoned by beauty. In the short story of the same title, Garland tells us how she became obsessed with wandering: “In the summer of the third year of the war, I began to meet refugees. There were a lot of refugees in Montreal. ——For me, this is a boundless miracle. I can’t get enough of them.” It’s completely true. In 1942, at the most difficult moment of the war, Quebec, which was across the ocean from the British mainland, began to accept refugees. “They Everyone in … is a book I want to read from cover to cover”. Next, Garland began to tell how Canada became a place of exile for the British: If Australia was created by exiles, then Canada was the country that existed first, and was later replaced by British parents who had neither the intention nor the ability to raise their children. Chosen as “depositories,” they send their children on their way, give them some money, and—more surprisingly—try to prevent their return.
  As the sentimentality of the phrase “colorful exile” suggests, Mavis Garland welcomed, or at least was curious about, all forms of exile. She tells us with gusto how she chose to escape the normal, tedious trajectories of life by hanging out with refugees and “remittance men” (British men exiled here to receive money from their parents to make ends meet). Lynette Muir was engaged three times when she was 19 years old. A fact that needs to be noted here is that Canada’s economy took off just after World War II. In a country with a population of just over 10 million, one-tenth of them Putting on military uniforms, he participated in the war across the ocean at different times and to varying degrees. Therefore, during that period of time, the domestic unemployment rate was almost zero. Linnett, Mavis herself (she was born in 1922), would of course have realized what it would cost her to be engaged early, to accept an “arrangement” early in such a needy country. Later, Margaret Atwood, who was 17 years younger than her, took a clearer feminist standpoint and sneered at the practice of parents, teachers and elders who worked hard to train a generation of “qualified” Canadian women.
  A country that is taking off may just suppress individual humanity, because no matter in terms of words or practical needs, it will release gravitational forces, try to hold people firmly on its own land, and demand more citizens to pledge their allegiance. The best novel in the collection, “Between Zero and One,” tells what Linnett saw and heard while serving in a government department during the war. The agency is full of men who can’t go to the front line for various reasons, or don’t need to go to the front line anymore. Together with the women, they listen to the always calm war reports on the radio and talk about the boys who may never come back. Safe, idle, and unthinking, breeding the virus of superiority, who look down on refugees as much as Quebec’s French-Canadian population, Garland writes: “Why can’t they just move, walk, stretch, run What about a run? Each of them seems to be tied up in an invisible square; this square contains my desk, my drawing paper, and my rubber bands. Every morning I have to check the contents of the square… “At the beginning of the novel, she also mentioned that from the age of 36 to 45, men seem to stand still and no longer grow up-for Canadians who have experienced the transition period from crisis and scarcity to abundance, this should be It’s a pretty accurate generalization.
  Exile constitutes a denunciation, a rebellion, a break with the unchanging rhythm. In The Paris Review’s “The Art of Fiction” interview, Mavis Garland relished his road trips and hikes in various countries: “I went to places where I didn’t know anyone, and came back. I had a notebook full of addresses.” But then said: “There are other environments where I can’t make any connections, not just because there’s no common language. Similar things can happen even in your own country “The “stranger in the motherland” is for those who clearly hold nationality and citizenship, but are driven to and from no fixed place, or who do not feel the protection and love from their compatriots, neighbors, relatives and friends, and the system , is a particularly accurate description.
  Mavis Garland had no reason to loathe his country. However, from a certain point of view, perhaps the more people are in a country with prosperous politics, complete laws, and developed culture, the more sensitive people’s self-esteem is, and the easier it is to be touched by subtle factors, and to feel disgusted or uneasy, and therefore to do something. A reaction that would have been seen as exaggerated by others elsewhere. Self-exile is one such response, and out of mere boredom, mixed with some youthful rebellion and socialist dreams, Linnett is willing to plunge headlong into the arms of the God of Liberty, a god who, in a vast and sparsely populated Canada, almost as ubiquitous as the Landlord.
  The short story “Colorful Exile” has only a very simple plot, that is, Lin Naite catches a British “remittance man” Frank Keynes on the train. He has no children and no destination. He has written several books and loves to say that “life has no meaning”. When Lynette found out that she and Keynes had only met a few times, the news had already been spread, so she immediately packed her luggage and left the rented place, moving back to Montreal. She was engaged and was preparing for exile: first from her parents by marriage, then from her husband by exile. Besides, any chance romance is impossible and risky for her.
  So this is a full-fledged state of exile, full, pure and pure, not just a “travel at the moment”, she never thought of stopping. The two places where the Canadian army participated in the “World War II” had the highest degree, one was Normandy; the other was Italy, especially Sicily. The Keynes in the novel was later killed in the Italian battlefield. Next, Linnett had a long and incoherent monologue: She said that the exiles died, and Montreal was starting to “integrate” the refugees back then. Give them citizenship and make them stable. The gravitational machine was in motion again. Therefore, Mavis Garland chose to live in France permanently, and returned to Canada once or twice a year when he was seventy or eighty years old, so as to maintain a sense of “elsewhere”. Now that she is over ninety years old, can she still walk around? I think that such a person who has been completely free-spirited all his life must prefer to be wiped out on the road

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