The fifth season of “Talk Show Conference” is on the air, and the jokes of actors with different styles and angles have brought a lot of joy to everyone. But this is a game after all. There is not only joy in the game, but also winning, losing, and elimination. The show has set up a “laugh leader”, who can decide whether the actors will be promoted in the first round of filming, and the actors who get few lights will be eliminated directly, so whether the laugh leader smiles or not is very important for actors.
Unexpectedly, this also aroused the dissatisfaction of the audience, because there are not only comedians among the laughers, but also actors and singers from across the border. Whenever an actor was eliminated due to insufficient lighting, someone would angrily post a barrage: Can’t the laugh lead laugh? If you can’t even get a laugh, why do you want to be a laugher? Audience votes will also cause controversy: the number of votes is so low, does this audience not understand what humor is?
Indeed, our laughing points are not exactly the same. Some people like homophonic stalks, while others are speechless about them; some people like cold jokes, while others can’t laugh at all. Why is this?
Can’t help laughing, because of cognitive dissonance
If we want to know why everyone’s laughing points are different, we must first know how the laughing points are produced.
A technique commonly used in talk shows is “expectation violation”, which is also an important cognitive basis for humor. For example, when Dr. Cao Peng said that his little nephew chased him and asked “what department should he go to” for his injured foot and twisted waist, the audience originally expected to hear about a certain department in the hospital, but Dr. Cao changed the subject , and said, “You play like this in school every day, it is possible to fail any subject”, which first made the audience stunned for a moment, and then ignited the audience.
From the “failed department” in the hospital to the “failed department” in the school, the style of painting changed suddenly, and the audience’s cognitive expectations were not met, that is, the cognition suddenly became discordant, but the audience immediately understood and resolved the disharmony . This short-lived state of disharmony allows people to relax from continuous rational activities, and it will produce a funny effect. This is the Cognitive Dissonance Theory of Humor, also known as the “Deception-Dissolution Theory”.
Can’t laugh because of cognitive failure
Most people can understand Dr. Cao’s “failure” stalk, but if someone has never been to a hospital, doesn’t know how to register to select a department first, or has never heard of the expression “fail” that means failing, then If you can’t laugh, the reason is that there is no detuning state, or there is a detuning but it has not been resolved.
We can understand this process more vividly with the help of the Cognitive Space Transformation Theory proposed by the linguist Coulson of the University of California, USA. Coulson compares the process of cognitive dissonance and dissolution to the rapid transfer of two spaces. Still taking Dr. Cao Peng’s “failing to take a department” stalk as an example, “the hospital must pass a department (department)” is an input space, and “should pass a department (subject) at school” is another input space. The core connection between the two spaces is The word “hangke” with different meanings in the same word, and according to this core connection, a synthetic space is formed: the little nephew has changed from being injured (hospital) to being blind (school).
If you can’t laugh, it’s either because the input space hasn’t been constructed and you can’t understand one of the expressions; or you’re stuck when transferring from one input space to another, and you can’t react because you haven’t formed a synthetic space.
Like the stock trading stalks mentioned by Hu Lan and the financial stalks mentioned by House, the background knowledge required is even more difficult. Therefore, if you don’t understand the knowledge points, you may not get the laughs.
The point of laughter is different, maybe because of the difference in the brain
However, even if some people understand the joke, they still find it not funny. This may have something to do with our brain function.
Cognitive neuroscience research believes that there may be a “humor network” in the brain, and several brain areas are jointly responsible for the processing of humor, of which the right frontal lobe is an important area. Psychologist Shammi once scanned patients with partial frontal lobe damage and found that patients with damage to the right prefrontal cortex had weaker responses to humorous stimuli. Psychologist Oppenheim has also paid attention to patients with damage to the right frontal lobe, but these patients’ reactions are more exaggerated. On the one hand, they often tell a lot of simple, not very funny jokes. What emotional response, such a manifestation is called “joke addiction disorder” or “clown disease”.
The lower-level differences may be genetic. Levenson, a psychologist at the University of California, found that a certain genotype is like an “emotional amplifier”. People with this type of gene feel more embarrassed or amused when watching a video of themselves singing alone than others. more intense. This region of the gene encodes a protein that is involved in the transport of serotonin, which is associated with feelings of pleasure.
The simple “laugh out” actually has a complicated mechanism behind it. There is no need to force others to laugh at the same point as ours, and there is no need to get angry because of it. After all, the original intention of watching talk shows is to be happy!