Life

Great Barrier Reef and Tropical Rainforest Eco Tour

  When visiting the Great Barrier Reef, most tourists settle in Cairns. After a three-hour flight from Sydney, which is full of high-rise buildings and bustling with people and cars, it flies to Cairns in the northeast of Australia. After leaving the airport, it seems to enter another world: in terms of climate, Sydney’s late autumn is replaced by the gentle breeze of the tropics; in terms of landscape, the road The sugarcane leaves on both sides are turbulent, and the green hills behind the fields are bright but not towering. There are many simple bungalows in the urban area, and the streets are empty. Xiaojiabiyu has a friendly and pleasant temperament. Along the promenade to the wharf, there are rows of hotels and groups of tourists from all over the world waiting in front of the hotels, making Cairns full of the leisure atmosphere of a resort.
  The natural wonder of the Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier
  Reef is the largest coral reef group in the world, consisting of more than 2,900 coral reefs, stretching 2,600 kilometers along the northeastern coast of Australia, surrounding more than 900 islands, and spreading over an area of ​​344,400 square kilometers. Cairns offers a variety of ways to see the Great Barrier Reef. Taking a helicopter to get a bird’s-eye view of the looming reefs in the crystal-clear shallow sea has the widest view, but it is also more expensive. Most tourists choose to take a boat to one or two islands, and then take a glass bottom boat or snorkel to see colorful tropical fish. Green Island, 27 kilometers away from Cairns, is the first choice for sightseeing groups.
  Looking at Green Island from the boat, it is colorful and elegant. The seawater is dark blue, Turkish blue, and jelly green, which surround the beige sand beach in layers. Where the water is transparent, the dark brown coral adds another kind of brilliance. Behind the beach is a dense dark green forest, with no houses, just like an uninhabited desert island; in fact, it is not the case, entering the forest, restaurants, canteens, changing rooms and other buildings are scattered among them under the shade of greenery. It takes about 40 minutes to circle Green Island along the boardwalk near the forest and sea, and you can get a glimpse of the pleasant sea view from the uneven forest leaves. This is where the Australians are smart. Artificial construction tries not to affect the natural features.
  To disembark from the boat, you must use the connecting bridge that extends into the sea. Under the bridge, a large turtle floats and sinks, and colorful fish wander among the reefs, as if to welcome tourists. If you try snorkeling, wearing a special mask and snorkel to float on the water and pass by the fish is indeed a beautiful thing in the world; however, if you are not good at swimming, if you dare not go to the deep water off the shore where your feet cannot touch the ground to watch the fish It is advisable to choose a glass boat that drives farther, so that you can see denser and brighter tropical fish schools in the deep sea.
  Gondola ride over the rainforest
  What was unexpected about the trip to Cairns was its lush and lush tropical rainforest.
  There are many mountains in Cairns, but it is not surprising that it is steep and steep. When you board the cable car and follow the mountain, the forest is only a few feet away, and you can see how colorful the forest is. Looking at the mountains of Cairns from a distance, it seems to be listening to a symphony that is completely integrated. When you look closely, you can see that its various trees are actually musical instruments with different sound qualities.
  The Rainforest Cable Car is the first cable car facility in the world to watch the rainforest. It is 7.5 kilometers one way, rising from Cairns on the seashore, crossing the Red Peak, flying over a large jungle, crossing the Belen River, and arriving at the terminal station, Kolenda. There are two stops on the way, Hongfeng and Belen Waterfall, where you can get off to enjoy the scenery. Hongfeng Station has a 175-meter wooden walkway to immerse yourself in the tropical rainforest.
  There are also roads and scenic trains between Cairns and Colunda, and most people choose trains and cable cars to go back and forth.
  Daintree National Park is another mysterious natural kingdom of the Great Barrier Reef. The tropical rainforests of Cairns and Daintree have diverse vegetation, including eucalyptus, banyan, sycamore, acacia, fig, wild vine, wild banana, palm, red pinda, deer pine, stone pine, Caribbean pine, etc. and a variety of vines ,fern. The Australian tropical rainforest is a symphony played by 2,800 species of plants, of which 380 rare plants are protected, and 700 species are only found on the land of Australia.
  It is no exaggeration to say that the forests in many parts of the world cannot compare with the Australian rainforest in terms of the complexity of tree species and the variety of shapes. Perhaps those forest tree species are not diverse enough, or it may be because Australian trees are often exaggerated in appearance, and the trees are juxtaposed side by side without losing their charm. Tuanfan pine is an example. The round and large leaves seem tempting to pick off, and the swaying fans blow out the cool breeze in summer. The palm trees here are particularly tall, with long feathery leaves like phoenixes spreading their wings in the sky. One of these palms grows only one inch a year, and its seemingly ordinary stature is actually the result of Chitose’s practice. In order to prevent it from being swallowed by wild animals when it was short, the leaves developed a highly poisonous quality.
  The rainforest, far away from the hustle and bustle of the crowd, is also full of survival calculations of natural selection. Because the upper branches and leaves cover the sky, the lower plants must “exhaust their efforts” to fight for rain, dew, sunshine and a foothold. The climbing vine is one, the arch root is the second, and the basket fern is the third. The “tree mouth” in the rainforest is crowded. No matter what kind of tree it is, it is not easy to take root deep and wide. Therefore, the roots often grow into a bracket shape to hold the trunk and not fall. This is the so-called arch root. The basket fern parasitizes the top of the big tree and grows in a circle around the branches, forming a basket shape. It also becomes a habitat for small animals such as birds and ants.
  If you are a tourist, the tour guide will pick the leaves of the plants in the forest from time to time and show you how the Australian aborigines use them as natural medicines or spices.
  On the banks of the river and in the wetlands, there are many mangroves whose roots are like sticks, half submerged in water and half out of the water. This kind of green tree whose skin is red when cut, the seeds do not germinate on the ground, but germinate and grow into seedlings on the mother tree, and then fall to take root, so it is called “woody viviparous plant”.
  Birds and beasts are in their own style
  From the cable car, people will see a royal blue butterfly flying on the top of the trees, so conspicuous that people cannot ignore it. They have a bold and unrestrained name: “Ulysses”, the hero in ancient Greek mythology who destroyed Troy and drifted on the sea for ten years on his way home. Why is this petite butterfly given such a prestigious name? It is a mystery; but to see them fluttering over a vast emerald green, with blue wings like a billowing boat, is the feat of Ulysses.
  The birds of Australia are also an eye-opener for tourists. The preciousness of Australian birds is unmatched by birds from other countries. For example, if you see a group of wild white cockatoos in the zoo, they either peck at the greenery or inhabit green branches. In your impression, this kind of parrot must be very expensive, and it is only kept by rich and noble families to relieve boredom, such as the big parrot in the Grand View Garden that can only learn Daiyu’s “Funeral Flower Ci”, but you can see it everywhere on the east coast of Australia from south to north. If you are in a seaside town in the evening and hear the noisy singing of birds in the shade of a few big banyan trees, and you look through the binoculars, oh my god, there are all pairs of parrots playing in pairs. The strange thing is that there are quite a lot of postures, one perched upright and the other hanging upside down, “upside down Luan upside down Phoenix”? Their feathers are red, green, and blue, so they are called iridescent lorikeets.
  Australia’s big ostrich and emu, which is similar to an ostrich and smaller in size, have long been known far and wide. In fact, the heaviest wingless bird in the country is a giant turkey in the tropical rainforest. This giant turkey cannot fly. The female bird lays green-blue eggs and flies away, and the male bird incubates the eggs and raises the young. They eat all kinds of drupes and excrete everywhere in the forest. They have been the most important seeders in the tropical rainforest for hundreds of millions of years. In recent years, they are on the verge of extinction due to their sharp decline, making Australians worry about the future of tropical rainforests. Wild turkeys, which look like giant turkeys but are much smaller, are not difficult to see in the tropical rainforest, and they are not afraid of people.
  The sharp-eyed tour guide pointed out a coiled and sleeping small boa constrictor for everyone to see. Fortunately, the wooden trail in the forest was a few inches above the ground, so humans and animals did not have to fight for the way.
  The Dancui River flows gently, and the forests on both sides are boundless. The view is refreshing and makes people have the desire to jump into Hanoi and swim. The locals will warn you not to get close to the river, lest you become a crocodile’s food. Sure enough, when we took a boat along the coast, we saw crocodiles of various sizes living on the shore. They are like dead wood, standing still, if you don’t look carefully, you will really sit on them as if they have fallen to the ground.
  The coast is as beautiful as Hawaii. Drive north along the coastline
  from Cairns to Cape Sorrow. The road passes through the forest amidst mountains and seas. One side faces the sea and the other side faces the mountains. , cannot be eccentric.
  The magnificence of the rainforest is as mentioned above, and the coastline is another kind of beauty: the curves seem to haunt the mountains and forests, or the flat sand is peaceful, or the rocks are turbulent, or the mountains and seas are short-handed, and the waves hit the foot of the mountain. From time to time, large and small islands appear in the distance, setting a boundary for the chaos at the junction of sea and sky. One of the crocodile islands looks like a crocodile, and you can enjoy watching it from all angles along the road. This section of the road passes through the 1,200 square kilometers of Daintree National Park and leads directly to Cape Sorrow. On June 10, 1770, the ship of the British navigator Cook hit the rocks twice and almost sank, so the place is named Cape Troubled. In the park, whether it is walking in the rainforest to look at the vegetation, or macroscopically looking at the river entering the sea on the cliff, or lingering on the beach with green trees, or taking a boat to look for crocodiles on the verdant river bank, the one-day tour of Daintree National Park is full of surprises, and finally swimming Mossman Canyon climaxes.

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