The wolf is coming? ChatGPT cited the education sector as “blocked”

  ChatGPT, a chat robot launched by OpenAI in the United States last year, has recently become the focus of global attention.
  Which industries will be disrupted by artificial intelligence has once again sparked discussions. Among them, a field that does not often appear on such topics is the first to feel the impact of ChatGPT-education.
  ”Maybe this time, for knowledge workers, this is completely equal to the industrial revolution.” Microsoft CEO Nadella commented. According to reports, Chinese Internet companies are also accelerating the research and development of ChatGPT-like projects.
  As technology advances at an exponential rate, will artificial intelligence be the end of education? If artificial intelligence will change the future of education, how will it change?
Why did they disable ChatGPT

  ChatGPT is a language model based on natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning. It is the latest achievement of artificial intelligence natural language processing tools. It can not only have a dialogue with humans, but also generate credible “creative” content.
  At present, this product is used by ordinary users or developers in an unrestricted manner, so various possible application methods have been tried by users, and its intelligence is considered to be widely recognized.
  A foreign survey of more than 1,000 students showed that more than 89% of students use ChatGPT to help with homework. A university professor once told the media that he found that the best papers in his class were authored by ChatGPT.
  Therefore, the education sector is generally cautious about ChatGPT, and many public schools in the United States have banned ChatGPT because of concerns about cheating. A spokesman for the New York City Department of Education said the tool “does not develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills.” Several scientific journals have also prohibited ChatGPT from being listed as a “co-author” on papers.
  Some critics pointed out that this is a kind of “high-tech plagiarism” and “a way to avoid learning”. Others believe that traditional education will be completely subverted.
  Recently, “Jinan Journal (Philosophy and Social Science Edition)” and “Journal of Tianjin Normal University (Basic Education Edition)” also issued related statements, proposing that they will not accept any large-scale language model tools (such as: ChatGPT) individually or jointly signed articles, or It is recommended to explain the use of artificial intelligence writing tools.
Is it necessary to worry about ChatGPT

  In response to the problems caused by ChatGPT, many interviewed experts believe that worrying about fear will not help much, and understanding it is more important than refusing.
  Zhang Jinbao, associate professor of the Faculty of Education of Beijing Normal University, believes that in some special and specific application situations in the education system, the adverse reactions caused by the use of ChatGPT do not explain too many problems. Even the behavior mentioned in the aforementioned report, in his view, is only a novel attempt by the students in the short term, and it is hard to say that it will become a long-term behavior. The restrictive measures issued by the management department are “too early.” As far as China is concerned, the adverse consequences of the use of this software have not yet appeared.
  According to Liu Deliang, president of the Asia-Pacific Artificial Intelligence Legal Research Institute and a professor at Beijing Normal University, ChatGPT is a milestone in general artificial intelligence, but it should be noted that if artificial intelligence is regarded as a tool for human self-liberation, ChatGPT is still a A tool only has different degrees of advancement, and its advancement is relative, requiring continuous learning and improvement.
  Some scholars pointed out that ChatGPT is not suitable for tasks that require logic, professional knowledge, or up-to-date information. It has been observed that ChatGPT is difficult to perform complex mathematical calculations and may also include false, biased or outdated information.
  Professor Yu Shengquan, executive director of Beijing Normal University’s Advanced Innovation Center for Future Education, pointed out that ChatGPT has transformed general knowledge production, but it is not original.
  ”As a large-scale language model, the technical principle of ChatGPT has not been substantially improved. It uses neural networks, massive language data and text data for training, and uses machines to learn the probabilistic relationship between words and sequences. Based on Context background information predicts the output sequence of words and sentences through the probability relationship. It is not understanding your language, or it is based on the understanding of the context to find the optimal probability of the language, which is essentially the output of a sequence of words and sentences.”
  Yu Shengquan said that although it is impossible to achieve original knowledge discovery, ChatGPT can give relatively logical answers to questions that ordinary individuals do not know after having a large amount of knowledge. In the next two to three years, ChatGPT should also integrate multi-modal information such as text, sound, pictures, and videos, which will greatly improve the efficiency of knowledge production.

Should artificial intelligence be used

  In interviews, many experts compared the impact of ChatGPT on knowledge production to that of calculators to mathematics. Should people use this “tool”? How to use it?
  Yan Zhiming, professor, doctoral supervisor, and dean of the School of Educational Sciences of Ludong University believes that for literature, journalism, and academic research, a lot of work needs to be done before writing, and the formation of texts is only the last step. For example, for scientific research workers, it is first necessary to discover valuable scientific problems, to solve problems through creative methods, and then to write academic papers. Using artificial intelligence to support scientific research workers to complete the writing of papers can free authors from low-level thinking tasks such as error correction, text polishing, and even the writing of conventional structure of papers, which undoubtedly reduces the pressure on researchers.
  For example, tools such as CloserCopy and Shortly AI can generate and polish words and sentences based on a few input keywords, and even write long texts; ChatGPT can help writers collect reference materials needed for writing papers. This not only improves the efficiency of work, so that researchers can devote more energy to more creative work, but also provides more chances of success for researchers who are not very good at expressing words.
  Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences, believes that digital participation in education should replace simple, repetitive, and non-thinking work and learning in education, so that teachers and students can devote more energy to education, teaching and complex learning.
  In Yu Shengquan’s view, judging whether ChatGPT should be used or not depends on whether there is cognitive investment when using it. If you have your own creativity and use it boldly, if it is just to cope with homework or exams, then this is putting the cart before the horse.

  ”The core function of intelligent tools is not to replace human thinking, but to enhance human thinking, especially for students.” Yu Shengquan said that in the process of students’ growth, it is necessary to promote the growth of thinking and cognitive ability. If you use ChatGPT Instead of “shorting-circuiting” the student’s thought process, that would be wrong. On the contrary, if it is used as a support, so that students can see what they could not see before, think about what they could not think before, and stand on a higher cognitive level, this kind of application is positive and should be encouraged.
  Liu Deliang mentioned that scientists have developed special software to help educators identify text generated by ChatGPT. In his view, this is a technical problem that should be solved with technical methods.

  Many experts also mentioned that the impact on educational concepts needs to be focused on. Liu Deliang believes that in the context of the continuous development of knowledge production methods, the examination of originality is more important. We can’t stand still and still use scores, speed and efficiency of problem-solving as standards. Instead, we should change our concepts, emphasize a higher level of originality on the basis of technology, and focus on cultivating students’ independent thinking ability and innovation ability.
How Artificial Intelligence is Disrupting the Future of Education

  Rejecting the impact of technology may not seem so easy today. In the interview, some experts called ChatGPT “a key technology that may really have a subversive impact on education.”
  The question is, how? In Zhang Jinbao’s view, the commonly mentioned AI writing cannot guarantee the accuracy of information, lacks originality, and leads to dependence on tools, etc., which are only shallow problems that may exist in the use of ChatGPT in education. The more critical problem is , the content generated in the interaction with AI, the educational value embodied, the educational goals that can be achieved, and its impact on students’ morality and values ​​may be out of the educator’s vision.
  In Yu Shengquan’s view, digitalization of education is not just digitalization at the technical level. Changes in the technical environment will also promote the upgrading and reconstruction of educational business processes, promote intelligent collaboration in educational business, and promote the reshaping of school organizational structures.
  Many experts also mentioned that the impact on educational concepts needs to be focused on. Liu Deliang believes that in the context of the continuous development of knowledge production methods, the examination of originality is more important. We can’t stand still and still use scores, speed and efficiency of problem-solving as standards. Instead, we should change our concepts, emphasize a higher level of originality on the basis of technology, and focus on cultivating students’ independent thinking ability and innovation ability.
  Yu Shengquan believes that the education system should actively embrace technologies such as artificial intelligence, and use these technologies to improve the production efficiency of the education system, provide each child with a sufficient supply of educational services suitable for their individual development, and break the collectivization without individuality in the industrial age Teaching, realizing the organic combination of large-scale teaching and personalized training.
Will artificial intelligence replace teachers?

  ChatGPT has shown us the tip of the iceberg where artificial intelligence affects education. For educators, how will they deal with this wave of technology?

  Zhang Jinbao believes that there is no need for educators to worry too much about the impact of AI technology on education.
  ”The diversity and core competitiveness of talents are not only reflected in whether they can write good articles and put forward relatively correct ideas for solving problems, but the most important thing is the ability to solve real problems. AI systems such as ChatGPT can save us the time needed to explore problems. The process of basic information, but it cannot replace us to verify the feasibility and reliability of problem solutions.” He said.
  Zhang Jinbao believes that it is unlikely that artificial intelligence technology, as many people claim, will replace teachers. Cognitive goals are only a part of educational goals. In fact, as information acquisition channels become more abundant, the actual effectiveness of the school system in promoting cognitive development does not increase but decreases.
  Moreover, before the emergence of ChatGPT, a large number of AI software had already shown advantages in terms of work efficiency, accuracy and intelligence, and the idea of ​​human-computer collaboration has long been a consensus in the educational technology community.
  Yan Zhiming mentioned that existing cases have shown that when human intelligence and artificial intelligence technology are combined, work can often achieve better results. A study found that when judging whether there are cancer cells in lymphocytes from photos, the error rate was 7.5% if only artificial intelligence technology was used, and the error rate was 3.5% if only medical experts judged, but when the two were combined , the error rate can be reduced to 0.5%.
  ”The responsibility of a teacher is to ‘teach and educate people’. In the future, most of the simple knowledge-based teaching will be undertaken by artificial intelligence, and the focus of teachers will be on ‘educating people’. The work of teachers is not only the traditional preaching, teaching, To solve the confusion, it is more necessary to stimulate students’ curiosity and imagination, and cultivate creative critical thinking, so as to achieve differentiated and precise education for individual students.” Yu Shengquan said.
  In Zhang Jinbao’s view, there is absolutely no need for people to panic too much at this time.
  ”We believe that human beings have always had the ability to be alert and to regulate various possible dangers in their own development. ‘Let the bullets fly a little longer’, so that we can see the problems in the results, and it is possible to raise more reasonable questions. plan.”

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