Health

Recognize gastrointestinal colds and focus on early prevention

Understanding stomach flu

  As the name implies, stomach flu is a cold with severe gastrointestinal symptoms, mainly nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, but respiratory symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, and coughing are not obvious. It is also called “vomiting upper sense” in medicine. All are more common throughout the year, but frequently occur in summer and autumn, and children and the elderly and infirm are susceptible to this disease. Gastrointestinal colds are mainly transmitted through contaminated hands and utensils, and can also be transmitted through droplets containing viruses. The disease is a self-limiting disease, the general prognosis is good. However, after re-infection with the virus, the disease may recur.
  Gastrointestinal cold is mainly caused by a virus called “Coxsackie”, accompanied by bacterial mixed infection. In addition, there are several special viruses that are also prone to cold + gastroenteritis symptoms. For example, respiratory adenoviruses and reoviruses of the Reoviridae family can not only invade the digestive system, but also the respiratory system after infection. The virus is generally excreted from the patient’s conjunctival secretions, respiratory tract, urine and feces, and is mainly transmitted from person to person through the fecal-oral route. Therefore, everyone should be vigilant and take effective preventive measures.
Distinguish between stomach flu and other diseases

  The common cold is mostly caused by rhinovirus, coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, etc. The main manifestations are respiratory symptoms, especially nasal symptoms, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, and even postnasal drip; it can also be manifested as dry throat, burning sensation, itchy throat, or coughing. In addition, when suffering from the common cold, some people will cause gastrointestinal reactions, resulting in nausea and vomiting symptoms, but most of the symptoms are mild.
  Influenza pathogens are influenza viruses, which can be divided into three types: type A, type B and type C, with type A and type B influenza viruses being the most common. It has the characteristics of fast transmission, serious condition and high fatality rate. The main manifestations are systemic poisoning symptoms, such as high fever, headache, chills, fatigue, nausea and body aches, etc., while cough, nasal and gastrointestinal symptoms are relatively mild or not obvious, and the prognosis of most patients is good.
  Patients with acute gastroenteritis often have a history of unclean diet before the onset of the disease, such as eating cold dishes, barbecue, leftovers and other foods that are easily contaminated by Staphylococcus aureus toxins or Salmonella. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea are more severe, and the vomit often has an irritating smell, but generally there will be no cold symptoms such as fever, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, and cough, so it is easier to identify.
  The novel coronavirus infection belongs to Class B infectious diseases and is extremely contagious. Although the patient also has symptoms of fever, dry cough, fatigue, and diarrhea. However, fever is usually a high fever that lasts for more than 72 hours. Although antipyretic drugs can temporarily relieve symptoms, the fever will continue afterwards. Especially after 3 to 5 days, the symptoms will worsen, and even dyspnea will appear. If the nucleic acid of the new coronavirus is positive, the diagnosis can be confirmed and isolation treatment is required.
Pay attention to early prevention of stomach flu

  1. Improve ideological understanding Correctly understand the characteristics, symptoms and harms of gastrointestinal colds, maintain a high degree of vigilance, take effective preventive measures in daily life, and persist in prevention.
  2. Pay attention to eating habits Poor eating habits are an important cause of gastrointestinal colds, so you must develop good eating habits. Do not overeat, and do not eat refrigerated ice-cold drinks, so as not to cause gastrointestinal disorders. Do not eat leftovers, moldy, raw or cold, smoked or roasted, chili and other irritating foods, do not drink unboiled water, etc. Pay attention to food hygiene, wash hands before meals and after going to the toilet, and beware of “disease from the mouth”. Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, warm and easy-to-digest foods, and drink more milk and dairy products.
  3. Pay attention to when the weather changes greatly, you should add clothes in time and appropriately, especially pay attention to keeping your abdomen warm, so as to avoid gastrointestinal colds due to cold. Open the windows frequently indoors to maintain air circulation. Try not to go to crowded public places with air pollution, and wear a mask when going out.
  4. Pay attention to the law of life, maintain an optimistic and positive attitude, and relieve stress in time; combine work and rest, ensure proper rest and sufficient sleep time, and avoid excessive fatigue or staying up late; regular exercise to enhance physical fitness, improve body immunity and resistance The ability to prevent gastrointestinal colds.
  5. Early examination and treatment Once symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, nausea, and diarrhea are found, please ask a doctor for examination and diagnosis as soon as possible, and actively treat them. If necessary, take medicine under the guidance of a doctor to eliminate the disease in the bud.

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