Cephalosporin “four generations under one roof” have different antibacterial spectrum
For some infectious diseases, the more common clinical drugs are antibiotics. Cephalosporin is the general term for cephalosporin antibiotics, which has a high antibacterial effect and can be used to treat various bacterial infectious diseases such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli.
Do not drink Huoxiangzhengqi water while taking it.
Cephalosporin is a common clinical antibiotic, mainly used to treat various diseases caused by sensitive bacteria such as urinary system infection, respiratory tract infection and gynecology. The effect of cephalosporin is to kill bacteria by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls and causing the rupture of bacterial cells.
After taking cephalosporin, you also need to pay attention not to eat some food containing alcohol, otherwise you will have dizziness, nausea, vomiting, dry skin on the face and other discomfort symptoms. At the same time, avoid using drugs containing alcohol, such as Huoxiangzhengqi water, Otherwise, breathing difficulties may be caused, and severe cases may be life-threatening.
Four generations of antibacterial types are different
Cephalosporins can be divided into four generations, the difference lies in the composition, antibacterial spectrum and individual differences. Specifically:
cefazolin and cephalexin are representative drugs of the first generation of cephalosporins. The drug has a good antibacterial effect against Gram-positive bacteria. Its application scope includes respiratory tract infection, skin and soft tissue infection, etc., and is mainly used for mild infectious diseases.
Cefuroxime and cefaclor are representative drugs of the second generation cephalosporins. The effect of the second-generation cephalosporins on Gram-positive bacteria is similar to or slightly worse than that of the first generation. It also has antibacterial activity against some Gram-negative bacilli and can also be used to treat soft tissue infections of the respiratory tract and skin.
Ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, and cefoperazone are representative third-generation cephalosporins. The third-generation cephalosporin is an antibacterial agent that can inhibit positive or negative bacteria, especially has good antibacterial activity against negative bacteria and Escherichia coli. This antibiotic is more suitable for respiratory tract infection, abdominal infection, genitourinary system infection.
Cefepime and other fourth-generation cephalosporins are representative drugs with broad-spectrum and potent characteristics. Clinically, it is suitable for multi-site infections, mainly for medium and severe infections.
According to different conditions, doctors need to determine the use of different cephalosporins, so as to better play the role of drugs and avoid bacterial drug resistance.