Delayed language development in children is a concern for many parents. Under normal circumstances, children’s language function gradually begins to develop around the age of 1, and they can learn the speech of adults around them, and begin to express and describe themselves. However, some children with slower development speed may still be unable to speak and express at about 1 year old, so parents will have a certain degree of anxiety, fearing that the child’s language development will be delayed. How can I tell if my child has a language delay?
What is language developmental delay?
mechanism Language developmental delay refers to the lack of language expression ability and comprehension ability of the child, resulting in the inability to carry out normal language expression and communication at the age of language function development. Usually, there is a certain degree of mental retardation. The reasons for children’s language development delay are very complicated, and have a lot to do with the child’s living environment, parents’ care, and the child’s own comprehension ability, auditory ability, language expression ability, and nervous system. Language delay is divided into two types in clinical medicine: idiopathic language delay and developmental language delay. Different children have different growth environments and their own functional development speeds, and the time required for language function development often varies, making it difficult for parents to timely and accurately determine whether their children are language delays.
Clinical manifestations Children
with language development delay symptoms often have two symptoms: expression impairment and perception impairment. Expression barrier means that the child can understand the meaning expressed by the parents, but cannot express the meaning he wants to express smoothly through language. Perceptual impairment refers to abnormalities in the child’s language expression ability and language perception ability, and the child cannot normally understand the meaning of other people’s language expressions, which in turn affects the normal development of language functions. Children with sensory dysfunction usually cannot express some relatively simple words at the age of 1, and cannot express fluent sentences normally at the age of 4; and being in a state of language development delay for a long time will also affect the child’s Mental and intellectual development.
How to tell if your child has a language delay
There are very clear requirements and judgment methods in clinical medicine for language delay diseases. Although children’s comprehension and language expression abilities are different, usually the gap in the development of language functions will not be too large. In clinical medicine, the threshold for language development delay is defined as: compared with normal children of the same age group, the level of language function development is at least half a year behind, so parents can judge their children. In addition, children with language developmental delays will also have more obvious symptoms in their daily life and growth process, and parents can make judgments based on this.
Slow language development The main manifestation of
language development delay is that the child’s language function develops very slowly. Usually, the golden stage of normal children’s language development is between 3 and 5 years old. At this time, they can already master basic words and phrases, understand the meaning of all words, and begin to try to arrange and combine different words to form sentences. During this stage, the child learns a large number of words, and the vocabulary that can be successfully remembered and mastered is very large; while some children with symptoms of language development retardation, at this stage, there will be an obvious phenomenon that the development speed is too slow. Can only learn relatively few vocabulary, and the sentences that can be combined are also very simple. At this time, the child can only repeat the same few sentences, and may even “do not understand” or “fail to learn” some words that are used infrequently in life.
The level of language development is low.
Language function is the ability to ensure that children can express language fluently and correctly. Many children with language development delay are usually unable to express sentences correctly, and often have unclear expressions and wrong sentences. The common situation is that children cannot understand what they are saying. Some children also have the reverse order of speaking and normal sentences, wrong vocabulary combinations, and illogical speech; some children may also be unable to distinguish similar words, such as “yesterday”, “today” and “tomorrow”. There is confusion in the sentences; there are also children who are eager to express, but cannot speak the sentences fluently, and can only express through shouting and body movements. These situations all indicate that the child has language development delay.
language development is late
Usually, due to the influence of their own development and living environment, there are certain differences in the time when children start to speak. However, children with language delays often develop language function much later than normal children. If the child is still unable to speak normally when he is 2 or even 3 years old, it means that he may suffer from language development delay. Parents should take the child to a medical institution for professional testing and diagnosis in time.
Causes of language delays There are many reasons
why a child may experience language delays. Among them, the child’s own developmental problems and living environment problems are the most common reasons.
problems The child’s intelligence, nervous system, brain function and other related organs are abnormally developed, resulting in a child’s language development delay. For example, some children are born prematurely, the mother is older when giving birth, and the child has congenital diseases, etc., all of which will lead to the slow growth and development of the child itself, and then the symptoms of language development delay. In addition, some children with intellectual problems, auditory dysfunction, language dysfunction and other related diseases are more likely to suffer from language development delay.
Living environment problems
Children need parents to give external stimulation in time in the process of growth, so as to promote the rapid development of various functions. However, many parents do not pay enough attention to external stimuli, and do not give their children a good environment for language function development, which leads to symptoms of language development delay in children. For example, taking care of children in every possible way, or just letting children watch TV will cause them to have no chance to practice language in life. In addition, if the content of some heavy metals in the living environment is too large, it will damage the child’s brain and central nervous system, resulting in delayed language development.
To sum up , language development delay is a common disease in young children’s growth and development stage. Parents need to pay attention to it, observe the child’s language function in time, and judge whether it belongs to language development delay according to the child’s actual performance. In case of abnormalities, you can go to a professional medical institution for diagnosis and treatment to avoid affecting the child’s subsequent growth and development.