Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science. It has a reaction processing ability similar to the intelligence of the human brain, and at the same time, it also has the high-efficiency computing ability of the computer system, making it capable of performing complex tasks that usually require human intelligence.
Machine painting has a history of half a century, and within two years, artificial intelligence painting has sprung up, not only the quality can be seen with the naked eye, but the speed of generating pictures has also been shortened from the previous few hours to more than ten seconds.
At present, the “artificial intelligence painting” that people refer to mostly refers to computer programs for automatic drawing based on deep learning models, which can be understood as automatically converting “text language description” into images through artificial intelligence understanding. Many complex machine learning algorithms are involved in this transformation process, but it is not difficult to operate at the application layer.
On the artificial intelligence painting application platform, users can input various painting keywords including style, theme, color tone, etc., and then artificial intelligence searches and learns from the vast resources and materials on the Internet according to the keywords, and finally blends and stitches them into a painting that meets the requirements. Paintings for user selection and reference. It sounds like a very novel thing, but it is not a new technology.
The development of artificial intelligence painting can be traced back to the 1970s. At that time, the painter Harold Cohen tried to combine software artificial intelligence with robotic painting equipment, allowing the machine to automatically paint, and developed a computer program called Arron, which was also an early stage of artificial intelligence painting. The concept “prototype”.
Today, with the development and iteration of theory and technology, artificial intelligence painting applications emerge one after another and the scope of application continues to expand.
In January 2021, OpenAI, a well-known artificial intelligence laboratory in the United States, launched the DALL-E algorithm, which can “create realistic images and art through natural language descriptions.”
In April 2022, the “Dali II” was launched, and the generated images are more realistic and accurate, and the resolution is increased by 4 times. The beauty and artistic atmosphere of the pictures are even different from those of the first generation.
A few months later, the artificial intelligence company StabilityAI launched StableDiffusion, an artificial intelligence Vincent graph model, which raised the efficiency and accuracy of artificial intelligence image generation to an unprecedented level.
However, works generated by artificial intelligence models also face copyright disputes. The U.S. Copyright Office has repeatedly ruled that only natural persons can own copyrights, not programs or machines. In addition, there are many artificial intelligence teams that “feed” their works to pre-trained models without the consent of the original authors, which has also caused widespread controversy. At present, groups of programmers are already suing Microsoft’s Github and OpenAI because they believe that these two organizations use their code to train models that automatically write programs. However, because the creation model of artificial intelligence is still a very new product, the boundaries of all parties have not been clearly defined by law, and more cases may be needed to gradually clarify.
Although artificial intelligence art is not recognized by law, it is recognized by the market. In 2018, Christie’s sold an AI painting for $435,000. Moreover, the vast majority of consumers cannot tell the difference between an artificial intelligence painting and a human painter’s work.
The most controversial is the Colorado State Fair art competition in August 2022. American game designer Jason Allen won the first prize with a piece of “Space Opera House” made using the “Midjourney” artificial intelligence image generator. Prizes.
Despite the controversy among netizens, no one has officially opposed Jason Allen’s award so far, and the judges of the art fair still recognize the validity of the award. One of the judges put it this way: “I have neither prejudice nor enthusiasm for AI art, but you know, this is a trend, and once it starts, it will not stop.” Someone said: “Art is
dead , artificial intelligence has defeated human beings.”
In fact, there is no need to generalize, and there is no need to be overly optimistic or pessimistic about the creation of artificial intelligence.
The artistic creation of artificial intelligence is produced according to the “logic” of human beings. Naturally, it is not as good as human elites, but it is more than enough to surpass the mediocrity among them.