Life

Unveiling the American Hand behind Panama’s Independence: A Tale of Political Interference and Economic Interests

   On November 2, 1903, a Colombian doctor and politician named Manuel Amador Guerrero led a group of people to launch a rebellion in the Central American country of Colombia and occupied Panama, the capital of the country’s Panama Province. city ​​and declared the province’s independence. Behind Panama’s independence, there is a lot of business experience of the US government.
  Panama’s Independence, American Ism
   Guerrero holds a few cards. The French tried to dig the Panama Canal, but it failed, but the Canal Company established thus remained. Politically, the company’s representative Philippe Bunau-Varilla and American lawyer William Cromwell helped Guerrero draft the Panama Canal. The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence; financially, the two funded Guerrero, allowing him to bribe the commander and governor of the Colombian garrison, asking them not to resist; militarily, Guerrero also selected talents from railway workers and firefighters to form a team A small armed force.
   When Guerrero occupied Panama City, Colombian government troops had already landed and assembled at the Port of Colon, about 80 kilometers away, waiting for orders to counterattack. But there is only one railway from the Port of Colon to Panama City, and there is only one train on the railway. At this time, it has been transported into Panama City by the US military. Panama has a mountainous terrain. The Colombian army cannot climb through these 80 kilometers of undulating peaks and canyons, right? Moreover, there are many U.S. Navy gunboats cruising in the Caribbean Sea.
   In this way, with the support of U.S. Navy gunboats, the Colombian Province of Panama became the Republic of Panama in Central America, and Guerrero became the first president.
   At that time, American politicians and public opinion went to great lengths to demonstrate the rationality of Panama’s independence and the importance of American intervention. But if you look at the map, you will know what the United States is planning.
  What the United States talks about is doctrine, but what it does is business
   . Panama’s location connects North and South America and strangles the throat of the Americas. It isolates the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic Ocean. Any ship that wants to go from the west coast of the United States to the east coast can only make a large circle along South America. For the United States, as long as it controls Panama, it can build a canal and significantly shorten the mileage between the east and west coasts. Even if the canal is not dug, the railway connecting the north and the south can still be controlled. Once there are changes in South America, the US military will rumble south on the train.
   Therefore, the call to build the Panama Canal quickly resounded throughout the United States at that time. Of course, before the United States, there were also European countries that had considered building the Panama Canal, and Colombia was more interested in the French who successfully built the Suez Canal. In the 1870s, a French company, with the approval of the Colombian government, began to conduct demonstrations related to the construction of the Panama Canal. But this time the French failed. They were helpless in the face of the jungles of Central America. In the end, the company went bankrupt and the project was interrupted.
   In early 1903, the United States and the Colombian government signed the Mare-Eran Treaty, which stipulated that Colombia would transfer all rights to the canal to the United States and give the United States exclusive rights to build and operate the canal. However, the Colombian people believe that this is an unequal treaty that humiliates the country and is firmly opposed to it. The Colombian Congress, overwhelmed by domestic pressure, ultimately vetoed the treaty. After failing to succeed, the United States began to think about Panama – if Panama became independent from Colombia, it could bypass Colombia and negotiate directly with Panama.
   The Americans found the leader of the Panamanian independence movement, and the two sides hit it off, which led to the opening scene. On November 6, 1903, Panama was officially recognized by the United States; on the 18th, Varela, the representative of the French company who participated in instigating Panama’s independence, also represented the newly established Republic of Panama and signed the “United States and the Republic of Panama” with the then US Secretary of State John Hay. Treaty Concerning the Construction of a Navigable Channel Connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (referred to as the “United States-Malaysia Treaty”). In this way, the United States split the new republic into two parts. The partitioned Panama received only a one-time payment of $10 million from the United States and annual compensation of $250,000 starting in 1913.
   The Panama Canal project was officially taken over by the United States in 1904 and opened to navigation in 1914. To dig the Panama Canal, the United States spent $375 million and paid the price of 5,609 lives, but for the interests of the United States, all this was considered worthwhile. According to records in 1958, in one fiscal year alone, the United States earned $42.8 million from canal toll gates, making a huge profit.

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