Tech

The Future of Artificial Intelligence: A Visionary Perspective on Unlocking Human Potential

Artificial intelligence (AI) studies how to use intelligent software and hardware to complete tasks that usually require human intelligence. Completed tasks. AI is the explanation of the human learning process, the quantification of the human thinking process, the clarification of human behavior, and the exploration of the boundaries of human intelligence. AI will be the “last mile” in the process of human understanding of ourselves. I look forward to investing in this new and promising field of computer science.

As early as the summer of 1956, computer scientist John McCarthy first proposed the term “artificial intelligence” at the famous Dartmouth Conference. However, during the first thirty-five years that I devoted myself to this technical field, AI was still regarded as the term “artificial intelligence”. It is regarded as a very novel scientific research direction.

For decades, the impact of AI has been limited to the academic field, with little development in commercial applications. In fact, in the history of the development of computer science, AI has been extremely slow to advance in practical applications. Until the past five years, AI’s The craze swept the world and became the hottest technology hotspot in the world.

The digital age is developing rapidly. Compared with when I first entered the AI ​​field nearly forty years ago, our data storage cost is only one-fifteen millionth of what it was then, and our computing power has increased by a trillion times. These objective factors at the technical level provide a necessary and solid foundation for the AI ​​training process.

At present, AI has accumulated energy and is about to usher in a new explosive turning point.

In the past five years alone, AI has defeated human world champions in games such as Go, poker, and the e-sports game Dota2. It is even powerful enough to learn chess from scratch in 4 hours, and then defeat all human chess players. hand.

In 2020, people used AI to overcome a biological problem of the past fifty years-protein folding. Today, the potential of AI is not limited to the field of game competition. Its capabilities in speech recognition and image recognition also surpass humans. Based on AI technology, it can also build “digital humans” that look and sound quite realistic.

At the same time, AI has excellent performance in many fields and its application prospects are very broad.

So, with the continuous iteration and development of AI technology, where will the future of mankind lead? How will the United States and China jointly lead the global AI revolution? I think the United States will dominate academic research in the field of AI, while China will use its huge population base and massive data to explore more AI implementation scenarios.

Based on the improvement of massive data and computing power, as automation technology and perception technology gradually mature, various types of data-driven, autonomous decision-making robots, unmanned transportation and other aspects of business practice will come out one after another. I also infer that AI will be applied in many fields such as industrial digitization, manufacturing, finance, retail, and transportation. These advances will create huge economic value for human society, but at the same time, they will also face the challenge of the coming wave of unemployment. .

Most of the predictions I made in 2018 have come true. Now, I hope to look at the future of AI from a more far-sighted perspective.

Whenever I give AI-related speeches around the world, I am often asked: What will the future of the AI ​​era look like? What new changes will there be in the next five, ten, or twenty years? What new opportunities or crises will humanity face? These issues are very critical, and most professionals in the AI ​​field have different opinions.

Some people believe that we are now in an AI bubble period. New technologies often develop strongly at the beginning, but then the popularity will slowly decrease. There are also some extremists who have made various eye-catching predictions.

AI is a very complex technology and is highly unexplainable, so people’s speculations about AI vary widely and have different versions. It is not difficult to understand that in the face of unknown technologies, various negative speculations may be due to people’s curiosity, and at the same time they imply a huge fear of unknown things. But it has to be said that many speculations are blind and exaggerated. It can be said that they completely misunderstand the future AI world.

Faced with the possibility that AI, a powerful technology, has yet to be developed in many aspects, I believe that even though there are many worries and hesitations in public opinion, we must still persist in researching and exploring the future of AI.

Just like most science and technology itself, there is no distinction between good and evil, AI technology is essentially neutral. If humans can properly guide the development of AI and utilize AI, eventually AI will bring more positive pluses to our society rather than negative minuses.

We can think back to the convenience and improvements that new technologies such as electricity, the Internet, and mobile phones have brought to human life in the past. In the process of human development, whenever a new technology that shakes the status quo appears, people’s first reaction is basically fear and worry. However, as time goes by, these fears and worries usually disappear, and new technologies will gradually Integrate into people’s lives, improve the quality of existing life, and provide more convenience.

I firmly believe that AI will promote the development of human society to a great extent and bring huge surprises to mankind through many practical application scenarios.

First, AI will create unprecedented value for society. According to a forecast by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a world-renowned accounting firm, AI will create an economic value of US$15.7 trillion by 2030, which will directly help eliminate poverty and hunger. Secondly, AI will also take over some repetitive tasks through efficient calculations, liberating humans from busy and arduous daily tasks, allowing humans to save the most precious time resources and be able to do more exciting and challenging tasks. work.

Finally, humans will achieve human-machine collaboration with AI, with AI responsible for quantitative analysis, optimization of results, and repetitive work, while humans contribute their creativity, strategic thinking, complex skills, enthusiasm, and love according to their strengths. In this way, human productivity will be greatly improved, and everyone will have the opportunity to maximize their potential.

The AI ​​era has begun. In front of us, opportunities and challenges coexist. Many topics, such as how AI and human characteristics coexist, require in-depth exploration and thinking.

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