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    Augustine’s Moral Dilemma: Unraveling Free Will, Sin, and the Shadow of Sexual Desire

    Augustine’s moral doctrine revolves around a question that pains him, that is, why do people tend to sin uncontrollably, and how can they be saved? His conclusion is almost pessimistic, believing that although people have free will, their nature has been corrupted, so they will inevitably abuse their free will and tend to sin. Therefore, salvation cannot depend on free will, but only on the grace of God. There is an obvious contradiction between his denial of human moral ability and his admiration for reason and emphasis on inner experience. His pessimism about human nature was largely focused on sexual desire. The Christian theory of original sin regards sexual desire…

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