Often patients come back after undergoing a B-ultrasound examination and say to the doctor in shock: Oops! My cervix has a tumor, and there are many. As a result, the doctor took a look at the examination report and found that it indicated “cervical cyst”, which has nothing to do with the tumor, it is just an inflammation, and some do not even need treatment.
Common chronic inflammation
Cervical cyst is a common disease in gynecology. Like cervical erosion and cervical polyps, it is a manifestation of chronic cervicitis. The disease was first described by the German anatomist Marthin Naboth in 1707. In order to commemorate his outstanding achievements, the clinic named the cyst by his name as Cervical Nessler’s cyst, sometimes referred to as Naboth.
The cause of formation of Nessler’s cyst is similar to that of acne on the face. On the one hand, the new squamous epithelium covers or extends into the glandular duct of the cervix during the healing of cervical erosion, blocking the glandular duct; on the other hand, it may be Hyperplasia or scarring of the connective tissue around the ducts oppresses the ducts, narrowing or even blocking the ducts, blocking the drainage of glandular secretions, and stagnating cysts.
Most have no symptoms
Cervical cysts are generally asymptomatic and are usually found in a gynecological examination. B-ultrasound examination showed that the surface of the cervix protruded multiple bluish-white vesicles (not purple), containing mucus, the small ones were large with rice grains, the large ones were corn grains, and some could grow very large, protruding from the cervix On the surface, even reaching the vaginal opening, there is a pedicle connected between the root and the cervix, often accompanied by cervical hypertrophy.
During the onset of cervicitis, patients mainly manifested as increased leucorrhea. Due to different pathogens, the color, quantity, and characteristics of leucorrhea are also different. Leucorrhea may be sticky and purulent, a few may sometimes have bloodshot or a small amount of blood, and a few may also have contact bleeding.
Generally no treatment
Just like the occasional acne that does not need treatment, it will be better after a while, but a few more may appear in the near future. In general, the acne may disappear without treatment, of course, there may be new acne in the future. come out. Therefore, if there are no symptoms of cervical sac, it can be followed up for observation and will not be treated; if the patient has symptoms such as increased vaginal discharge, purulent, bloodshot or bleeding after sexual intercourse, medication or physical therapy can be taken.
Patients with cysts should usually pay attention to-
1. Pay attention to personal hygiene. Many women prefer to be clean, and often buy gynecological cleaning disinfectants, disinfection pads and so on. In fact, these practices are completely unnecessary. In many cases, vaginitis is caused by frequent use of these products. Female reproductive organs have their own unique defensive structures and functions in anatomy and physiology, and they have a self-purifying effect. If excessive use of drugs and disinfectants to clean, destroy the vagina’s own microenvironment, cause balance disorders, reduce the vagina’s self-antibacterial ability, it will make harmful microorganisms easy to invade and cause diseases. As long as women pay attention to personal hygiene in their daily lives, changing and washing underwear frequently can prevent many genital diseases.
2. Proper sexual intercourse, pay attention to sexual hygiene, and spouses should also pay attention to cleaning the smegma of the penis. Sexual intercourse and bathing should be strictly prohibited during menstruation and postpartum to prevent pathogenic bacteria from getting in.
3. Family planning, take contraceptive measures, try to avoid mechanical damage to the cervix caused by multiple abortions.
4. Do not use antibacterial drugs indiscriminately. The bacteria that cause inflammation in various parts of the body are very different, so the anti-inflammatory drugs for them are also different. Once the patient finds increased vaginal discharge, peculiar smell, genital itching, etc., it is best to go to the obstetrics and gynecology department of a regular hospital for diagnosis and treatment. Do not use anti-inflammatory drugs that do not include vaginitis in the indication category. Because once the abuse of antibacterial drugs is wrongly treated or the treatment is not timely, it may artificially cause pelvic inflammation and other bad effects.
5. Insist on exercising, balanced diet and nutrition, and ensure peace of mind.
6. Do regular gynecological examinations and actively treat cervical inflammation if found. Women of childbearing age who have sex should undergo cervical cytology (TCT) screening every 1 to 2 years, combined with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing if necessary, to achieve early diagnosis and treatment of cervical diseases such as cervical cancer.