Clinical studies have confirmed that abnormal accumulation of crystals and organic matrix in the kidney is an important factor in inducing kidney stones. In recent years, under the combined influence of changes in people’s lifestyle and behavior habits, kidney stones have become a common disease in the clinical urinary system. In most patients with kidney stones, calcium oxalate stones are the most common. The main manifestation of patients with kidney stones is low back pain. Affected by factors such as the size and shape of the stone, the degree of back pain varies among patients. With the further growth of the stone, the patient’s waist soreness and discomfort, dull pain during activities and other symptoms significantly intensified, which has a serious impact on the patient’s physical and mental health and daily life.
Affected by a variety of internal and external factors, patients with kidney stones have different pain characteristics. Patients with relatively small stones generally have colic and severe pain, while patients with larger stones generally have dull pain, soreness, and dull pain as their pain characteristics. If the stone is particularly large and covers the entire renal pelvis, the pain is the main manifestation of the patient. In addition to the typical symptoms of kidney pain, many patients will also experience pain in the lower ribs, and even more pain in the waist, upper abdomen, thighs, and genitals. It can be seen that kidney stones can cause direct damage to many parts of the human body. .
Treatment of kidney stones
One is conservative treatment. Conservative treatment is also a natural treatment for clinical treatment of kidney stones. One is that the patient should appropriately increase the amount of drinking water in daily life to ensure that the daily drinking amount is above 2000mL. A large amount of drinking water can ensure that sufficient urine is produced to promote the excretion of stones. The second is that patients should pay attention to exercise more often. It has been clinically found that many patients’ stones are located in the renal pelvis and renal calyx, so they can be vibrated by exercise in daily life. The more violent the exercise, the more obvious the vibration, so the stones can be shaken by vibration. “come out.
Second, surgical treatment by western medicine. Routine laparotomy is mainly based on epidural anesthesia, routine disinfection and draping, instruct the patient to take the contralateral position, make an incision in the 12 intercostal space of the affected side, separate the skin and subcutaneous tissue layer by layer, and bluntly separate the renal pelvis to the kidney At the large calyx, cut the renal pelvis and calculus (stone-removing forceps) and rinse with normal saline. Observe the situation and close the incision when there is no bleeding. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithiasis surgery is based on epidural anesthesia. The patient is guided to take the bladder stone position, routinely disinfect, drape, place the ureter, and instill saline. Then guide the patient to change to the prone position, put a soft pillow on the affected side of the abdomen, and assist, monitor and locate the color Doppler ultrasound diagnostic apparatus; carefully observe the condition of the stone, determine the puncture point and insert the puncture needle, to the stone part, remove the puncture needle , Place a guide wire, expand along the guide wire with a fascial dilator to build a stone-removing channel; if the stone is large, perform holmium laser lithotripsy, rinse with normal saline, and suction to remove the stone with negative pressure. A double “J” tube is placed in the back and treated with antibiotics.
Third, the intervention of traditional Chinese medicine. It is recommended that patients with kidney stones drink Lysimachia tea, corn silk tea and other teas that help to remove stones. Kidney stones are a common disease that will have a serious impact on our physical and mental health and daily life. Therefore, in order to improve the clinical efficacy, it can be carried out with the aid of Chinese medicine assisted technology, and the development of the disease can be controlled through tea. For example, Lysimachia tea has good diuretic and leaching effects, and corn silk tea is good for digestion and diuresis, Shiwei mallow tea can divert water and stones, and lemon tea can dispel stones. Corn silk tea is actually the root of corn. Boil it to drink water, not only can digest and diuresis, but also effectively prevent stones. In our daily life, we can drink more lemon tea, because lemon is rich in sodium citrate, which can help prevent kidney stones. Patients try not to drink herbal tea in their daily lives, because herbal tea will aggravate the condition.
How to prevent recurrence of kidney stones
Kidney stones are a common clinical disease, and it is also important to prevent recurrence after treatment. First of all, patients can prevent the recurrence of kidney stones by developing good behaviors. Many people have irregular meals due to the pressure of life and work, so kidney stones are very easy to cause, and they are also easy to relapse after treatment. Therefore, after symptomatic treatment, we need to prevent it from aspects such as diet and living habits. Secondly, many patients sit for a long time due to work reasons and do not exercise. In the long run, the contraction ability of the gallbladder muscle and the normal bile emptying function will be significantly weakened. This can be prevented by strengthening exercises and eating regularly. Finally, the diet after treatment must be light, eat less high-calorie, high-fat foods, and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.