Be wary of neonatal pneumonia

Because the newborn’s body is immature and weak in resistance, it is prone to pneumonia if it is not properly treated. Among the pathogens of neonatal pneumonia infection, bacteria are mainly Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, viruses are mainly respiratory syncytial virus and adenovirus, and others include chlamydia.

The transmission routes of neonatal pneumonia include:

●Contact transmission: Among the contacts of small babies are those with respiratory infections, even if adults only have a mild cold, once it is transmitted to the baby, the newborn baby is prone to infection and develop into neonatal pneumonia due to weak resistance.

●Blood transmission: When a newborn’s umbilical cord is inflamed or skin is infected, pathogens can pass through the blood to reach the lungs, causing neonatal pneumonia.

● Iatrogenic infections: medical equipment, nebulizer inhalers, and ventilator pipelines are not strictly disinfected, and related personnel can spread pathogens if they wash their hands improperly.

After a newborn has pneumonia, the child may have fever, nasal congestion, coughing, etc., or may suffer from listlessness, low crying or irritation, refrain from crying, refusing to take milk or significantly reducing the amount of milk, increasing vomiting, or even vomiting foam at the mouth. Children will also experience shortness of breath, apnea, or irregular breathing rhythm. If there are children with respiratory syncytial virus infection, the doctor can hear the wheezing sound through the stethoscope.

To prevent neonatal pneumonia, the most important thing is to ensure the health and personal hygiene of the nursing staff, such as washing hands frequently, and washing the nose after going out. At the same time, keep the newborn’s living environment clean and ventilated. Neonatal pneumonia often progresses rapidly and the condition is serious, so parents should not take it lightly and should seek medical treatment in time.