Flat feet hurt not just the feet

  Flat feet are a common foot deformity in clinic, also known as flat feet, flat feet or flat valgus feet. It is due to the curvature of the inner plantar arch becoming smaller. In an upright posture, the arch of the foot drops or even disappears like duck feet. Kind of a phenomenon. In daily life, many people do not pay attention to the phenomenon of flat feet, and often wait until complex diseases such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis, knee pain, and low back pain occur before seeking medical advice. At this stage, treatment becomes complicated. Therefore, people who find themselves with flat feet should receive treatment in time. Arch absence will result in compensatory damage
  when we walk, each step is completed by the foot support on the ground, if not the arch, all ground reaction force will be applied to all joints of the human body, so it is easy to joint wear and tear. If the arch of the foot is normal, it will act as a buffer like a spring, buffering part of the pressure and ground reaction force, and the blood vessels, nerves, and muscles on the soles of the feet will also be protected.
  Many people ask that the arch of the foot is slightly flat. If it is not treated, will it affect other places? The answer is yes. If the arch of the foot is flat, it will cause internal rotation of the calf to compensate for the function of the arch, and then affect the knee joint; after the knee joint is affected, the hip joint, lumbar spine, cervical spine, and spine will also compensate for it, and cause damage to the whole body. hurt.
  How to tell if you have flat feet? The easiest way is to sprinkle a layer of flour on the ground, step on your feet and then withdraw, and then observe the soles of your feet. The inner edge of a normal foot should not touch the ground and will not be stained with flour, while flat feet are just the opposite. Most or all of the soles of the feet are covered with flour.
  Conservative treatment need surgery
  flatfoot treatments are generally divided into conservative treatment and surgical treatment of two categories. Conservative treatment methods include
  drug treatment: when flat feet cause pain and inflammation, some drugs can be administered orally or locally under the guidance of a doctor. Generally, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen are commonly used, which have good analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects .
  Reduce weight: The arches of overweight and obese people bear more pressure and are more likely to collapse, causing pain and aggravating the condition. Therefore, patients with flat feet should actively lose weight to reduce arch pressure.
  Orthotic insoles: The use of orthopedic insoles can support the arch of the foot, improve functional limitations, prevent the further development of flat feet, and reduce symptoms. However, there is a certain golden period for the intervention of orthopedic shoes and orthopedic insoles for severe flat feet. Children who are 4 to 13 years old often have an immature foot development and there is still a period of time before stereotypes. It is more suitable to correct flat feet with orthopedic shoes.
  Functional training: Functional training can relax the muscles and fascia of the lower extremities of the foot to eliminate pain and inflammation, strengthen the plantar muscles and lower extremities, correct the gait and movement patterns, and achieve the effect of preventing and improving flat feet. You can choose some calf strengthening exercises, such as straight-line exercises, toes grasping towels, skipping rope, playing basketball and other bounce exercises to help exercise the foot muscles, improve muscle strength and elasticity, and reduce the burden on ligaments. However, functional training needs to be done step by step, not to be rushed to avoid injury.
  If conservative treatment is not effective or the pain is severe, or it is difficult to wear shoes, surgery is required. Patients with rigid flatfoot can choose joint fusion surgery, but it must be performed by experienced specialists to reduce the risk of surgery. Patients with reversible/flexible flat feet can choose subtalar joint stabilization. This method has fewer complications, short operation time, small traumatic surface, and definite curative effect. The most important thing is to retain good joint mobility.
  Children do not have to flatfoot correction
  are not arch when all the children born, the arch is slowly developed out after learning to walk. Therefore, for children before the age of 4, parents should not be overly concerned about the problem of flat feet; for children after the age of 4, parents should pay more attention to them. At this time, by strengthening the plantar muscle strength and fascia structure strength exercise, keep it well. Good living habits and sleeping postures, scientific wearing of shoes and other methods can well prevent foot problems.
  For children’s flat feet, do not blindly treat them. It is best to go to the hospital for a foot test. According to the test results, choose the appropriate arch supporting insole and heel cup to reinforce the healthy shoes. The abnormal joint alignment can be restored to normal alignment. The direction and efficiency of muscle activity return to normal, reducing the chance of fasciitis and pain.